PHARM QUIZ 3

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Author:
lauratwinoaks
ID:
257314
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PHARM QUIZ 3
Updated:
2014-01-20 20:22:57
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PHARM QUIZ
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PHARM QUIZ 3
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PHARM QUIZ 3
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  1. Why would a female patient develop a vaginal superinfection after being treated for
    pneumonia?
    The normal vaginal bacterial flora is reduced by antibiotic therapy and yeast growth is no longer kept in balance.
  2. What class of medication produces an interaction when taking ZYVOX?
    Monoamine oxidase inhibitors & Adrenergic and Serotonergic agents
  3. Why is probenecid ordered and what medication is usually ordered with it?
    It is used to prevent gout and gouty arthritis.  Sometimes used along with penicillin antibiotics to increase antibiotic blood levels to improve their performance.
  4. What are the different drugs ordered for tuberculosis and why?
    Isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide (PZA), ethambutol or streptomycin

    These drugs work on MTB by inhibiting protein synthesis, inhibiting cell wall synthesis, or various other mechanisms.

    Patient nonadherence with therapy and the growing incidence of drug resistant organisms
  5. How
    is a vaginal yeast infection treated, and are there several alternative as far
    as the time of treatment for the medication that’s ordered?
    • OTC – Miconazole, Clotimazole, Tioconazole,
    • Butoconazole

    Most are 3-7 days, there are 1 day medicines as well
  6. Describe the phases of Malaria
    • 1)  A female mosquito carrying malaria parasites feeds on human & injects the parasites (sporozoites) into the
    • bloodstream.  They travel to liver and
    • invade the cells.

    2)  In 5-16 days, they grow, divide, and produce tens of thousands of haploid forms (merozoites), per liver cell.  Some remain dormant in liver 

    • 3)    Merozoites exit liver and
    • reenter bloodstream invading RBC, asexual replication, and release of newly
    • formed merozonites repeatedly over 1-3 days. 

    • 4)    Some of the merozoite
    • infected blood cells leave the cycle of asexual multiplication.  They develop into sexual forms of the parasite, called male and female gametocytes.

    5)    CYCLE STARTS OVER
  7. Describe the treatment of Malaria
    • Antimalarial drugs works against the parasite
    • during its asexual cycle.  They are given
    • in various combinations to achieve an additive or synergistic antimalarial effect.
  8. What would you treat impetigo with?
    • Antibiotics, antibiotic ointment or cream for most cases.  More severe cases, antibiotic
    • pills.
  9. Know signs and symptoms of a hypersensitive reaction
    Worsening cough, shortness of breath with physical activity, fatigue, weight loss, chills, body aches, coughing and chest tightness

    bcfwcach
  10. What are the signs (conditions) manifested with the toxicity of Aminoglycoside therapy?
    Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity
  11. What adverse effects would you see from using topical tretinoin (Retin-A)
    • Local inflammatory reactions, excessively red and edematous blisters, crusted skin, and temporary alterations in skin pigmentation, severe irritation and peeling.
    • BCIPP

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