itsp14101.20ec2t4 5 6.txt

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AP101e2014
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257322
Filename:
itsp14101.20ec2t4 5 6.txt
Updated:
2014-01-18 23:41:07
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profmwinston
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eCh2t4,5,6
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  1. Two or more atoms combined to form a distinctive type of particle
    Molecule
  2. Shorthand used to depict the numbers and types of atoms in a molecule
    Molecular Formula
  3. Links combining atoms to other atoms
    Bonds
  4. The space occupied by the electrons as they encircle the nucleus of an atom
    Electron Shells
  5. Rule for why atoms react in a way that fills the outer most shell for stability
    Octet Rule
  6. Electrically charged atoms that have gained or lost electrons
    Ions
  7. A positively charged ion
    Cation
  8. A negatively charged ion
    Anion
  9. Atoms that cannot form chemical bonds because they are stable
    Inert Atoms
  10. Chemically inactive
    Inert
  11. Bond formed by ions with opposite charges
    Ionic Bonds
  12. A chemical bond between atoms that share electrons
    Covalent Bond
  13. Symbols and lines used to show how atoms bond and are arranged in molecules
    Structural Formulas
  14. A molecule formed by a covalent bond in which the distribution of charges is uneven because electrons are not shared equally
  15. Attraction of the positive hydrogen end of a polar molecule to the negative nitrogen or oxygen end of another polar molecule
    Hydrogen Bond
  16. Electrons found in the outer shell of an atom that can participate in forming chemical bonds
    Valance Electrons
  17. The starting materials changed by the chemical reactions between atoms, ions, and molecules
    Reactants
  18. The atoms, ions, or molecules formed at the chemical reaction's conclusion
    Products
  19. When two or more atoms, ions, or molecules bond to form a more complex structure A+B?AB
    Synthesis Rx
  20. When bonds of a reactant molecule break to form simpler molecules, atoms, or ions AB?A+B
    Decomposition Rx
  21. When parts of two different types of molecules trade positions as bonds are broken and and new bonds are formed AB+CD?AD+BC
    Exchange Reaction Rx
  22. When the product[s] can change back to the reactant[s] A+B?AB
    Reversible Reaction Rx
  23. Molecules that influence the rates (not the direction) of chemical reactions but are not consumed in the process
    Catalysts

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