it14spr101.40Bc2T10 11 12.txt

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257378
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it14spr101.40Bc2T10 11 12.txt
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Flashcards for vocab chapter 2
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  1. What is the group called that contains fats, oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
    Lipids
  2. What is the name of the building blocks of the fat molecule?
    Fatty acids
  3. This is a organic compound that is a building block for fat molecules.
    Glycerol
  4. Is one in which ALL the carbon atoms are linked by single carbon-carbon bonds.
    Saturated fatty acids
  5. Contain at least one double bond between it carbon atoms.
    Unsaturated fats
  6. Type of organic molecule including complex rings of carbon and hydrogen atoms.
    Steroids
  7. Molecule consisting of two fatty acids and a phosphate group bound to a glycerol molecule.
    Phospholipids
  8. A type of lipid in which there are 3 fatty acid molecules bound to a glycerol molecule.
    Triglyceride
  9. Is when the part of the molecule that hates(repels) water.
    Hydrophobic
  10. Is when the part of the molecule loves( attracts) water.
    Hydrophilic
  11. Nitrogen- containing organic compound composed of bonded amino acid molecules.
    Proteins
  12. Protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction.
    Enzyme
  13. These are building blocks for proteins.
    Amino acids
  14. Three dimensional structure of a protein determined by its amino acid sequence and attractions and repulsions between amino acids in different parts of the molecule.
    Conformation
  15. Is the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain.
    Primary structure
  16. When the chain forms a three dimensional shape.
    Secondary structure
  17. The folding of secondary structure.
    Tertiary structure
  18. When several polypeptide chains join.
    Quaternary structure
  19. Heat, radiation, pH changes, certain chemicals, can cause this.
    Denaturing
  20. This carries the instructions that control a cell’s activities.
    Nucleic acid
  21. The building blocks of nucleic acids are?
    Nucleotides
  22. Contains the sugar ribose, single polynucleotide chain and functions to use the information stored in DNA to construct specific protein molecules.
    RNA
  23. Contains the sugar deoxyribose, double polynucleotide chain, function is to store information for protein synthesis.
    DNA

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