Program Design

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caekj
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257450
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Program Design
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2014-01-24 13:27:23
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TestQuestions for chapter one
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  1. All of the following affect project time requirements EXCEPT ____

    A) user attitudes
    B) the
    degree of management support
    C) work
    breakdown structure
    D) relative
    priority of the project
    ) work breakdown structure
  2. The success or failure
    of an information system usually is unrelated to whether users are satisfied
    with the system’s output and operations.

    A) True
    B) False
    false
  3. A business ____ is a
    graphical representation of one or more business processes that a company
    performs, such as accepting airline reservations, selling a ticket, or
    crediting a customer account.

    A) iteration
    B) model
    C) method
    D) process
    model
  4. A 2006 report
    published by the Standish Group concluded that only 35% of software development
    projects were successful, in the sense that they met ____ constraints.

    A) budget
    B) scope
    C) schedule
    D) quali
    abcd
  5. Product-oriented companies primarily offer
    information or services or sell goods produced by others.

    A) True
    B) False
    false
  6. In object-oriented
    design, objects possess characteristics called properties, which the object
    inherits from its class or possesses on its own.

    A) True
    B) False
    true
  7. Regardless of the
    type, all constraints should be identified as late as
    possible.

    A) True
    B) False
    false
  8. When two or more
    concurrent tasks depend on a single prior task, each of the concurrent tasks is
    called a predecessor task.

    A) True
    B) False
    false
  9. All of the following affect project
    time requirements EXCEPT ____.

    A) user
    attitudes
    B) the
    degree of management support
    C) work
    breakdown structure
    D) relative
    priority of the project
    C
  10. The success or failure
    of an information system usually is unrelated to whether users are satisfied
    with the system’s output and operations.

    A) True
    B) False
    b
  11. Product-oriented companies produce
    ____.

    A) retail
    services
    B) routers
    C) computers
    D) microchips
    b c d
  12. The ____ method of
    developing systems stresses team interaction and reflects a set of
    community-based values.

    A) object-oriented
    analysis
    B) adaptive
    C) structured
    analysis
    D) rapid
    application development
    b
  13. A(n) ____ chart
    displays complex task patterns and relationships.

    A) Gantt
    B) index
    C) PERT/CPM
    D) task
    c
  14. ____ is a systems
    development technique that produces a graphical representation of a concept or
    process that systems developers can analyze, test, and modify.

    A) Prototyping
    B) Rapid
    application development
    C) Scrum
    D) Modeling
    d
  15. To avoid the problem
    of project creep, ____.

    A) define
    project scope as vaguely as possible
    B) leave
    project scope undefined
    C) define
    project scope as clearly as possible
    D) expand
    the focus beyond the problem at hand
    c
  16. A strong business case
    suggests that a company should pursue other options, above the alternative,
    because it would be in the firm’s best interest to do so.

    A) True
    B) False
    false
  17. The ____ method of
    developing systems is well-suited to project management tools and techniques.

    A) object-oriented
    analysis
    B) adaptive
    C) structured
    analysis
    D) rapid
    application development
    c
  18. All of the following
    are possible causes of cost overruns related to human resource factors EXCEPT
    ____.

    A) motivation
    issues
    B) inadequate
    training
    C) inaccurate
    TCO forecast
    c
  19. Management leadership and
    information technology are unconnected, and no significant changes have
    occurred in either area.

    A) True
    B) False
    b
  20. In a PERT/CPM chart,
    each task has all of the following EXCEPT a(n) ____.

    A) reference
    to successor tasks
    B) ID
    C) description
    D) duration
    a
  21. A feasibility study
    includes tests for ____ feasibility, which means that a proposed system will be
    used effectively after it has been developed.

    A) operational
    B) technical
    C) schedule
    D) economic
    a
  22. Most risk
    identifications include a brief description of all of the following EXCEPT
    ____.

    A) what
    might cause a risk to occur
    B) who
    would be responsible for responding to a given risk
    C) the
    potential impact of a given risk
    D) the
    team member most vulnerable to a given risk
    d
  23. System developers can
    initiate a formal project as early as the preliminary investigation stage, or
    later on, as analysis, design, and implementation activities occur.

    A) True
    B) False
    a
  24. A strong business case
    suggests that a company should pursue other options, above the alternative,
    because it would be in the firm’s best interest to do so.

    A) True
    B) False
    b
  25. In addition to tasks,
    every project has ____, which are reference points used to monitor progress and
    manage the project.

    A) targets
    B) milestones
    C) members
    D) workloads
    b
  26. The format of a
    preliminary investigation report is the same from one company to another.

    A) True
    B) False
    b
  27. Many companies
    implement ____ systems that integrate all customer-related events and
    transactions.

    A) CRM
    B) TCO
    C) JIT
    D) RFID
    a
  28. Gantt charts are an
    ideal tool for controlling a complex project because they provide plenty of
    detailed information.

    A) True
    B) False
    b
  29. A survey is ____, generally
    takes less time, and can involve a broad cross-section of people.

    A) more
    flexible than a series of interviews, and it is less expensive
    B) more
    flexible than a series of interviews, but it is more expensive
    C) not
    as flexible as a series of interviews, but it is less expensive
    D) not
    as flexible as a series of interviews, and it is more expensive
    c
  30. A risk ____ plan is a proactive
    effort to anticipate a risk and describe an action plan to deal with it.

    A) identification
    B) management
    C) response
    D) balancing
    c
  31. All of the following
    are claims that Microsoft makes about the risk management capabilities of
    Microsoft Project 2007 EXCEPT ____.

    A) the
    linking of risks with specific vendors
    B) the
    assignment of ownership of risks
    C) the
    specification of probability and risk impact
    D) the
    ability to track progress to manage projects more efficiently
    a
  32. In a PERT/CPM chart, each task has
    all of the following EXCEPT a(n) ____.

    A) reference
    to successor tasks
    B) ID
    C) description
    D) duration
    a
  33. Microsoft’s risk
    management model includes all of the following EXCEPT ____.

    A) category,
    which specifies the risk type
    B) probability,
    which indicates the degree of adverse effect should the risk occur, on a scale
    of 1 to 10
    C) mitigation
    plan, which identifies plans to control or limit the risk
    D) trigger,
    which identifies a condition that would initiate the contingency plan
    b
  34. The first step in
    creating a WBS is to ____.

    A) mark
    all recognizable events
    B) determine
    time requirements
    C) identify
    all tasks
    D) estimate
    task completion time and cost
    c
  35. A task is any work
    that requires the use of company resources including all of the following
    EXCEPT ____.

    A) controlling
    capital
    B) people
    C) time
    D) money
    a
  36. Which of the following
    versions of Microsoft Project includes support for large, enterprise-wide
    projects?

    A) Standard
    B) Professional
    C) Server
    D) both
    b and c
    c
  37. An example of a vertical
    system is a(n) ____.

    A) inventory
    application
    B) medical
    practice application
    C) payroll
    application
    D) database
    for a video chain
    b d
  38. ____ is a time estimate the project manager makes for a task.

    A) The
    weight
    B) The
    worst-case estimate
    C) The
    best-case estimate
    D) The
    probable-case estimate
    b c d
  39. Product-oriented companies primarily offer information or services or sell goods produced by others.

    A) True
    B) False
    false
  40. n object-oriented design, objects possess characteristics called properties, which the object inherits from its class or possesses on its own.

    A) TrueB
    ) False
    true
  41. Regardless of the type, all constraints should be identified as late as possible.

    A) TrueB

    ) False
    False
  42. When two or more concurrent tasks depend on a single prior task, each of the concurrent tasks is called a predecessor task.
    A) TrueB
    ) False
     False
  43. Which of the following versions of Microsoft Project includes support for large, enterprise-wide projects?
    A) Standard
    B) Professional
    C) Server
    D) both b and c
    c
  44. 2.Modified Multiple ChoiceAn example of a vertical system is a(n) ____.

    A) inventory application
    B) medical practice application
    C) payroll application
    D) database for a video chain
    b and d
  45. Economic activity has little influence on corporate information management.

    A) True
    B) False
    b
  46. ____ is a time estimate the project manager makes for a task.
    A) The weight
    B) The worst-case estimate
    C) The best-case estimate
    D) The probable-case estimate
    b c d
  47. System developers can initiate a formal project as early as the preliminary investigation stage, or later on, as analysis, design, and implementation activities occur. A) True
    B) False
    true
  48. A corporate culture is the set of beliefs, rules, traditions, values, and attitudes that define a company and influence its way of doing business.
    A) True
    B) False
    true
  49. When several tasks can take place at the same time, each is called a sequential task.

    A) True
    B) False
    False
  50. ____ is a time estimate the project manager makes for a task.
    A) The weight
    B) The worst-case estimate
    C) The best-case estimate
    D) The probable-case estimate
    b c d
  51. 1.____ is an example of a discretionary project.

    A) Creating a new report for a user
    B) Adding a report required by a new federal law
    C) Including annual updates to payroll and tax percentages
    D) All of the above
    a
  52. 2.____ is a systems development technique that tests system concepts and provides an opportunity to examine input, output, and user interfaces before final decisions are made.
    A) Scrum
    B) Prototyping
    C) Modeling
    D) Rapid application development
    b
  53. To avoid the problem of project creep, ____.
    A) define project scope as vaguely as possible
    B) leave project scope undefined
    C) define project scope as clearly as possible
    D) expand the focus beyond the problem at hand
    c
  54. PERT/CPM is called a(n) ____ technique, because it analyzes a large, complex project as a series of individual tasks.
    A) top-down
    B) bottom-up
    C) indexed
    D) cataloging
    b
  55. Project status meetings give project managers an opportunity to seek input and conduct brainstorming sessions
    .A) True
    B) False
    t
  56. It is unusual for system developers to mix and match system development methods to gain a better perspective.
    A) True
    B) False
    false
  57. 1.____ components can provide automated response to sales inquiries, Web-based order processing, and online inventory tracking.
    A) Mission statement
    B) Customer relationship management (CRM)
    c) Feasibility study
    D) Total cost of ownership (TCO)
    b
  58.  systems analyst should provide ____ so managers can understand the full cost impact and timetable.
    A) time figures for the next development phase
    B) cost figures for the next development phase
    C) an estimate for the overall project
    D) all of the above
    d
  59. The first step in the creation of a PERT/CPM chart is to ____.
    A) determine the logical order of project tasks
    B) identify the graphical planning aids to use
    C) identify all the project tasks
    D) determine the status of all tasks
    c
  60. A feasibility study includes tests for ____ feasibility, which means that the projected benefits of the proposed system outweigh the estimated costs.
    A) economic
    B) schedule
    C) operational
    D) technical
    a
  61. A company’s mission statement is unrelated to its major goals, shorter-term objectives, and day-to-day business operations.A) TrueB) False
    false
  62. All of the following are possible causes of cost overruns related to human resource factors EXCEPT ____.
    A) motivation issues
    B) inadequate training
    C) inaccurate TCO forecast
    D) turnover
    c
  63. Modified Multiple Choice A business process describes a specific set of ____.
    A) transactions
    B) tasks
    C) events
    D) results
    a b c d
  64. A ____ path includes all tasks that are vital to the project schedule.
    A) vital
    B) baseline
    C) critical
    D) foundational
    c
  65. Modified Multiple ChoiceBy questioning users about additional capabilities they would like to have, instead of focusing on difficulties, a systems analyst ____.
    A) leaves project scope undefined
    B) gets a better understanding of operations
    C) highlights ways to improve the user's job
    D) builds better, more positive relationships with users
    bcd
  66. n a preliminary investigation report, the ____ contain(s) a brief description of the system, the name of the person or group performing the investigation, and the name of the person or group who initiated the investigation.
    A) introduction
    B) systems request summary
    C) expected benefits
    D) time and costs estimate
    a
  67. All of the following are versions of Microsoft Office Project 2007 EXCEPT ____.
    A) Standard
    B) Enterprise
    C) Professional
    D) Server
    b
  68. Examples of intangible benefits include all of the following except a(n) ____.
    A) user-friendly system that improves employee job satisfaction
    B) sales tracking system that supplies better information for marketing decisions
    C) new Web site that enhances the company’s image
    D) online package tracking system that decreases the need for clerical staff
    d
  69. Using a WBS allows you to manage a project as one large task.A) TrueB) False
    false
  70. A task is any work that requires the use of company resources including all of the following EXCEPT ____.
    A) controlling capital
    B) people
    C) time
    D) money
    a
  71. Many companies implement ____ systems that integrate all customer-related events and transactions.
    A) CRM
    B) TCO
    C) JIT
    D) RFID
    crm
  72. During strategic planning, top managers ask a series of questions that is called a(n) ____ analysis because it examines a company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
    A) CRM
    B) TCO
    C) JIT
    D) SWOT
    d
  73. A feasibility study includes tests for ____ feasibility, which means that the projected benefits of the proposed system outweigh the estimated costs.A) economicB) scheduleC) operationalD) technical
    a
  74. For a project manager, monitoring and controlling _____.
    A) involves controlling capital
    B) includes monitoring the progress of the project, evaluating results, and taking corrective action when necessary to stay on target
    C) consists of staffing, which includes selecting the project team and assigning specific tasks to team members
    D) includes identifying and arranging project tasks and estimating completion times and costs
    b
  75. Traditionally, IT departments had a(n) ____ group composed of systems analysts and programmers who handled information system design, development, and implementation.A) Web supportB) application developmentC) systems supportD) database administration
    b
  76. When assessing priorities for systems requests, a systems analyst should look for high scores in all of the following except ____.A) Will the proposed system serve customers better?B) Will the proposed system reduce costs?C) Will the proposed system serve the organization better?D) Will the proposed system decrease revenue for the company
    d
  77. 1.Although a Gantt chart provides more detailed information about a project, a PERT/CPM chart offers a rapid overview that graphically displays the timing, duration, and progress of each task.A) TrueB) False
    false
  78. A corporate culture is the set of beliefs, rules, traditions, values, and attitudes that define a company and influence its way of doing business.A) TrueB) False
    true

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