CH14.

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Author:
cddunbar
ID:
257464
Filename:
CH14.
Updated:
2014-01-20 00:08:53
Tags:
BIO F116X
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Description:
Mendel and the Gene
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  1. Dominant Allele
    An allele that produces it's phenotype in heterozygous and homozygous form.
  2. An allele that produces its phenotype only in homozygous form
    Recessive allele
  3. Individuals of the same phenotype that, when crossed, always produce offspring with the same phenotype.
    Pure line
  4. Cross between homozygous parents with different genotypes
    hybrid
  5. Reciprocal cross
    phenotypes of the male and female are reversed compared with a prior cross.
  6. A cross between a homozygous recessive individual and someone with a dominant phenotype but an unknown genotype.
    Testcross
  7. Gene located on the X chromosome
    X-linked
  8. Gene located on the Y chromosome
    Y-linked
  9. Autosomal
    Gene located on an non-sex chromosome or a trait determined by an autosomal gene.
  10. Adults used in an initial experimental cross.
    Parental generation
  11. Mating of parents who carry two different genetic determinants for the same trait is called..
    Monohybrid cross
  12. When two members of each gene pair segregate into different gamete cells during the formation of eggs and sperm is
    The principle of segregation.
  13. Mating between two individuals that are heterozygous for two traits is considered to be
    Dihybrid cross
  14. When alleles of different genes are transmitted independently of one another is called.
    Principle of independent assortment.

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