Medical Terminology

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hrdnrdc10
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257467
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Medical Terminology
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2014-01-20 00:44:45
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Medical Terminology
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Medical Terminology
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  1. a-, an-
    without, lack of
  2. ir-, ar-
    no, not
  3. ab-, ef-
    away from
  4. ad-, af-
    to, toward, near
  5. ambi-
    both, double, two
  6. ana-
    apart, up, back, again
  7. ante-
    before, in front of
  8. anti-
    against, reversed
  9. bi-, bin-, di-, diplo-, co-
    two, twice, double
  10. cata-
    down, under, against
  11. circum-
    around, about, circle
  12. com-, con-, co-
    together, with, both (two)
  13. contra-
    against, opposite
  14. de-
    away from, remove
  15. dia-
    across, complete, between, total, apart, thorough
  16. dis-
    apart or away from, reverse
  17. e-
    out, to remove, protrude
  18. ec-
    out from, out
  19. ecto-
    on outer side, situated on
  20. em-, en-
    in, within
  21. endo-
    within
  22. epi-
    upon, on
  23. ex-, exo-
    upon, on, outside, on outer side, outer layer, proturde
  24. extra-
    outside
  25. hyper-
    excessive, over, above, more
  26. hypo-
    under, below, deficient, low, less, lessor
  27. im-, in-
    in, into, or not
  28. infra-
    below, under
  29. inter-
    between
  30. intra-
    within
  31. intro-
    into, within, in, into
  32. meta-
    beyond, after, change
  33. para-
    beside, near, beyond
  34. per-
    through, excessive, in
  35. peri-
    around
  36. post-
    after, behind
  37. pre-, pro-
    before, in front of
  38. re-
    back, again, contrary
  39. retro-
    backward, behind
  40. sub-
    under, low, beneath
  41. super-
    above, upper, upon, excessive
  42. supra-
    above, upper, upon, excessive
  43. sym-, syn-
    together, with
  44. trans-
    across, through, beyond
  45. ultra-
    beyond, in excess
  46. -a, -ia, -on, -os, -is, -us, -um, -ium
    refers to; pertains to
  47. -al, -tic, -ic, -iac, -ious, -ous, -ent
    pertains to; refers to; concerning
  48. -an, -ion, -ian
    pertains to; process of; procedure of
  49. -ance, -ancy
    state of; condition of
  50. -er, -or
    one who; process of
  51. -form
    shape; resembles
  52. -gen-, -troph-, -plas-
    beginning; produce; development; cause
  53. -gram
    to record; write
  54. -graph
    an instrument
  55. -graphy
    procedure of; process of using an instrument "to make recording"
  56. -ia, -ity
    quality of, condition of, state of
  57. -ible, -ile
    ability to, capacity of, refers to
  58. -ician
    person - belonging to; associated with; one who
  59. -ics, -tics
    art of; science of
  60. -id
    state of; condition of; refer to; pertains to
  61. -ist
    a specialist who practices something
  62. -ite
    nature of
  63. -ion, -tion, -ition, -ation, -iation, -ing, -y
    procedure of, process of, action of, condition of
  64. -itis, -isy or -icy
    to express condition of inflammation or infection
  65. -ium, -olus, -iole, -cule, -culus, -cle, -culum, -ellum
    small, smaller, lesser
  66. -ize, -ate
    act like, use; subject to; make into; refer to
  67. -ma (-mata), -men (-mina), -ment, -ure
    many; multiple "results from health condition"; act of
  68. -oid, -form
    likeness, resembles
  69. -o/log/y
    process of the study of, science of, or knowledge of
  70. -oma
    tumor; swelling
  71. -osis, -esis, -asis, -iasis, -sis
    condition, medical condition, disease, state of
  72. -ous
    material; refers to; state of
  73. -tic
    relates to; pertains to; refers to
  74. -centesis
    surgical puncture - to remove fluid
  75. -ec/tom/y
    out/cut/procedure or removal
  76. -o/pex/y
    to fixate, position, or to attach
  77. -o/plast/y
    plastic surgery (to improve function, looks, or relieve pain)
  78. -o/rrhaph/y
    surgically to suture or repair
  79. -os/tom/y
    new permanent opening or mouth
  80. -o/tom/y
    cutting into, to open, make incision
  81. -o/tripsy
    crushing or destroying
  82. -o/desis
    binding or stabilization
  83. -clasis
    to break down
  84. -lysis
    to loosen (free from adhesion) or destroy
  85. -cis
    to cut
  86. -cid
    to kill
  87. -stasis
    to stop or control
  88. -sis
    medical condition or disease
  89. -age
    something is related to
  90. -iatr/y
    to treat, to heal, or to cure
  91. -therap/y
    to treat or cure
  92. -sect/ion
    to cut or make several slices of a body part (to cut a part)
  93. -algia
    pain
  94. -audi, -audio
    hear; hearing
  95. bio-
    to live
  96. cau-, caus-
    to burn
  97. -centesis
    puncture; perforate
  98. -clas-, -clast, -clasis
    to smash; breakdown
  99. -duct-, -doch-
    canal or to draw
  100. -dynia
    pain
  101. -ecta, ectasis
    to dilate
  102. -edem-
    to swell
  103. -ethes/ia
    to feel (physical)
  104. -phoro-
    to sense (mental)
  105. -fiss-; -schiz-
    to split
  106. -flec, -flex-
    to bend
  107. flu-, flux-
    to flow
  108. -gen
    to produce, form, develop, or begin
  109. -iatr-, -iatr/o-, -therap/y
    to treat; cure
  110. -kine-, -kino-, kinesio-, -praxia
    to move
  111. -liga-; -desis
    to bind
  112. -o/log/y
    to study
  113. -ly-; -lysis
    to break up; to dissolve
  114. -morph-, -morpho-
    form; shape
  115. olfact-, -osmia
    to smell
  116. -op-, opt-, -opto, -opsy
    vision; sight; or to see
  117. palpit-
    to flutter
  118. -par-, -part, -partus-, -toci-
    to labor
  119. -pep-
    to digest
  120. -pexy
    to fix
  121. -phag-, -phago-
    to eat
  122. -phas-
    to speak; utter
  123. -phil-
    to like; love; affinity for
  124. -phob-
    to fear
  125. -phrag-
    fence off; to wall off
  126. -plas-, -plasm-, -plast/y
    repair; to form; grow
  127. -pleg-
    to be paralyzed
  128. -pnea
    to breath
  129. phono
    voice or sound
  130. -poie-
    to make
  131. -ptosis
    to fall; droop
  132. -o/rrhagia
    to burst forth; pour
  133. -o/rrhaphy
    to suture
  134. -o/rrhea
    to flow; discharge
  135. -o/rrhexis
    to rupture
  136. -therap/y
    heal; treat; cure
  137. -tomy
    to cut; in/cise
  138. -troph-, -troph/y
    to nourish; to develop; formation process
  139. -volvo-
    to turn; twist
  140. -vulvo-
    to cover
  141. auto-
    self
  142. brachy-
    short
  143. brady-
    slow
  144. brevi-
    short
  145. cav-
    hollow
  146. cryo-
    cold
  147. crypto-
    hidden; concealed
  148. dextro-
    right
  149. diplo-
    double; twice
  150. dys-
    difficult; bad; faulty; disordered; painful
  151. eu-
    normal; good; well
  152. glyco-
    sugar; sweet
  153. gravid
    heavy; pregnant
  154. haplo-
    single; simple
  155. hetero-, heter-
    other; a relationship to others
  156. homo-, homeo-
    same
  157. hydro-
    wet; water
  158. iso=
    equal
  159. latus-, lat-
    broad, side
  160. longus-
    long
  161. macro-
    large; abnormal size
  162. magni-
    large; great
  163. malaco-
    soft
  164. mal-
    bad
  165. medi-
    middle
  166. mega-
    great
  167. megalo-
    huge
  168. meso-
    middle; mid
  169. micro-
    small
  170. minimus-
    smallest
  171. multi-; -poly
    many; much
  172. necro-
    dead
  173. neo-
    new
  174. oligo-
    few; scanty; little
  175. ortho-
    straight; normal; correct
  176. oxy-
    sharp; quick; acute
  177. poly-
    many; much
  178. pronus-; prono-
    face down
  179. pseudo-
    false
  180. sclero-
    hard
  181. scolio-
    twisted; crooked
  182. sinistro-
    left
  183. stasis-
    stop
  184. steno-
    narrow
  185. stalsis
    contract
  186. tachy-
    fast; swift
  187. tele-, tel-, telo-
    end; far away
  188. thermo-
    heat
  189. trachy-
    rough
  190. xero-
    dry
  191. red
    erythro-, rubero-, rhodo-, eosin (rose red)
  192. white
    albus; leuco-, leuko-
  193. brown
    fulvus
  194. blue
    cyano-, livido-
  195. black
    melano-, nigra
  196. gray
    glauco; cinerous; polio
  197. purple
    purpuro; porphyro
  198. yellow
    cirrho-; flavus; xantho-; luteo-
  199. eosin
    rose (reddish, pinkish, or purplish)
  200. green
    chloro-; viridis
  201. scarlet
    coccideus; crimson
  202. violet
    violaceus
  203. lemon
    citreum
  204. pink
    rosaceus
  205. one
    uni-
  206. two
    bin-, bi-, duo-, di-, diplo-, co-
  207. three
    tri-
  208. four
    quadr-, quadri-
  209. five
    quinqu-
  210. six
    sex-
  211. seven
    sept-, septi-
  212. eight
    octo-
  213. nine
    novem-, ninus-
  214. ten
    decem-, deca-
  215. first
    primi- (proto-, prot-)
  216. second
    secundi-, secondo-
  217. third
    tert-, terti-
  218. centi-
    one hundredth part; one hundred
  219. milli-
    one thousandth part; one thousand
  220. centi-, hecto-, hect-, hecato-
    one hundred
  221. kilo-
    one thousand or one thousandth
  222. semi-, hemi-
    one half
  223. sesqui-
    one and one half
  224. hyper-
    over, above, excess
  225. hypo-
    under, below
  226. multi-, poly-
    many
  227. macro-
    large
  228. micro-
    small
  229. Deci
    • (1/10)
    • deciliter (dl)

    1/10 of liter
  230. Deca
    • (10)
    • (0.1)
  231. Centa
    (100)
  232. Kilo
    1000
  233. Mega
    one million
  234. Micro
    one millionth
  235. Giga
    one billion
  236. Nano
    one billionth
  237. Pico
    one trillionth
  238. Fento
    one quadrillionth
  239. ambi-
    both
  240. amphi-
    on both sides
  241. ante-
    before
  242. anter/o-
    before
  243. dextr/o-
    right of
  244. dors/o-
    back
  245. epi-
    upon
  246. hypo-
    under
  247. infra-
    beneath or below
  248. inter-
    between
  249. later/o-
    side of
  250. mes/o-
    middle of
  251. medi-
    middle of
  252. post-
    behind
  253. postero-
    behind
  254. pre-
    before
  255. pro-
    before
  256. retro-
    after
  257. sinistro-
    left of
  258. sub-
    under
  259. ab-
    from, away from
  260. ad-
    to, toward, near
  261. circum-
    around
  262. peri-
    around
  263. ec-
    out from
  264. ex-
    out from
  265. dia-
    through, across
  266. per-
    through, across
  267. trans-
    through, across
  268. ecto-
    outside
  269. exo-
    outside
  270. extra-
    outside
  271. endo-
    within, in
  272. intra-
    within, in
  273. par-
    beside, near, beyond
  274. para-
    beside, near, beyond
  275. super-
    above
  276. supra-
    above
  277. ultra-
    beyond, excess
  278. -algia
    pain
  279. -cele
    hernia, swelling, tumor, protrusion
  280. -dynia
    pain
  281. -ectasis
    dilation
  282. -emia
    blood
  283. -gen
    producing, beginning
  284. -gram
    record
  285. -graph
    instrument
  286. -graphy
    process of recording
  287. -iasis
    condition or disease
  288. -itis
    inflammation
  289. -logy
    study of/ science of
  290. -malacia
    softening
  291. -megaly
    enlargement
  292. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  293. -metry
    process of measuring
  294. -oid
    resemble
  295. -oma
    tumor or swelling
  296. -osis
    abnormal condition
  297. -pathy
    disease
  298. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  299. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  300. -phasia
    speech
  301. -plegia
    paralysis
  302. -phobia
    fear
  303. -ptosis
    prolapse, falling, dropping
  304. -rrhage
    burst forth, hemorrhage
  305. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  306. -rrhexis
    rupture
  307. -sclerosis
    hardening
  308. -scopy
    examination, view
  309. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching of a muscle
  310. -desis
    bind, fixate
  311. abdomin/o- (celio, laparo, ventro)
    belly
  312. aden/o-
    gland
  313. andr/o- (gyneco-)
    man (women)
  314. angi/o-, vaso-
    vessel (lymph; blood)
  315. append/o-
    appendage
  316. arterio-
    artery
  317. arthro-
    joint
  318. broncho-
    trachia-like (rough)
  319. cardio
    heart
  320. cephalo
    head
  321. cerebro-
    brain
  322. cheilo- (labio)
    lip
  323. cholecysto-
    gallbladder
  324. choledocho-
    common bile duct
  325. chondro-
    cartilage
  326. colo-
    big intestine
  327. costo-, pleuro-
    rib
  328. cranio-
    skull
  329. cysto-, vesico-
    bladder
  330. dento-, donto-
    tooth
  331. dermo-, cuti-
    skin
  332. duodeno-
    twelve (fingers)
  333. encephalo-
    in head (brain)
  334. esophago-
    toward eater (mouth)
  335. gastro-
    stomach
  336. glosso-, linguo-
    tongue
  337. hepato-, hepa-
    liver
  338. hystero-, metro-, utero-
    uterus
  339. ileo-
    twisted (third part of small intestine)
  340. irido-, iro-
    rainbow (eye)
  341. kerato-
    cornea (eye); horny (substance)
  342. lamino-
    thin flat part (vertebra)
  343. lobo-
    lobe (lung)
  344. masto-, mammo-
    breast
  345. myo-, myos-
    muscle
  346. myelo-
    bone marrow, spinal cord
  347. myringo-, tympano-
    eardrum
  348. neuro-
    nerve
  349. nephro-, reno-
    kidney
  350. oophoro-
    ovary
  351. ophthalmo-, oculo-
    eye
  352. orchido-, testo-
    testicle
  353. osteo-
    bone
  354. oto-, auri-
    ear
  355. pancreato-
    all/fleshy
  356. pharyngo-
    throat
  357. plebo-, veno-
    vein
  358. pneumo-, pulmono-
    lungs
  359. procto-
    rectum, anus
  360. prostato-
    lying before (male gland)
  361. pyelo-
    pelvis (kidney pelvis)
  362. recto-
    straight (rectum)
  363. rhino-, naso-
    nose
  364. sacro-
    sacrum
  365. salpingo-, docho-, ducto-
    tube (fallopian + eustachian)
  366. spleno-, leino-
    spleen
  367. spondylo-
    vertebra (jointed)
  368. stetho-, pecto-, thoraco-
    chest
  369. stomato-, oro-, os-
    mouth
  370. teno-, tendo-, tendino-
    stretcher (tendon)
  371. thyro-
    shield-like (shape)
  372. tracheo-, trachy-
    rough (windpipe)
  373. start with chapter two, lecture three

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