Mental health 4.txt

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Mental health 4.txt
2014-01-20 11:48:05
Mental health

Mental health 4
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  1. Primary prevention
    assisting individuals to increase their ability to cope effectively with stress and targeting and diminishing harmful forces within the environment
  2. Example of primary prevention
    providing education to new parents; teaching about how bad drugs are to elementary school kids
  3. Secondary prevention
    aimed at minimizing early symptoms of psychiatric illness and reduce the prevalence and duration of the illness
  4. Example of secondary prevention
    ongoing assessment of people at high risk for illness exacerbation, referral for treatment
  5. Tertiary prevention
    reducing the residual defects that are associated with severe and persistent mental illness; preventing complications of the illness; promote rehab that is directed towards patient’s maximum level of functioning (SPMI)
  6. Family influences in anorexia
    conflict avoidance or power and control; P&C have passive father, domineering mother and overly dependent child; high value placed on perfectionism
  7. Nursing interventions with anorexia
    develop trust; set limits/avoid arguing; encourage child to verbalize feelings; develop realistic body image; weigh client daily; stay with client during meals and up to one hour after meals
  8. Outcomes for anorexia
    80% of expected body weight; verbalizes importance of adequate nutrition; verbalizes knowledge of consequences of fluid loss; verbalizes events that precipitate anxiety; establishes healthy pattern or eating
  9. Characteristics of borderline personality disorder
    always seem to be in a state of crisis; impulsiveness
  10. Clinging
    borderline personality disorder; may exhibit helpless, dependent or childlike behavior; overidealize someone; act like child when they can’t be with the person
  11. Projection
    blaming others for unacceptable thoughts and feelings
  12. Denial
    pretending the truth is not reality in order to manage the anxiety
  13. OCD care
    cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy
  14. Clang
    “It is very cold. I am cold and bold. The gold has been sold.”
  15. Echolalia
    repeats words someone else says
  16. Self concept
    composite of beliefs and feelings that one holds about oneself at a given time formed from perceptions of other’s reactions; consists of physical self (body image), personal self (identity) and self esteem
  17. Attending behavior
    encourages client talk
  18. What communication works for antisocial personality?
    Milieu-feedback from peers is more beneficial than from therapist
  19. Communication for anorexia
    family disorder-resolution cannot be achieved until dynamics within the family have been improved
  20. Communication for depressed/suicidal
    don’t leave person alone; establish no self harm contract, establish rapport
  21. Communication for paranoid
    interpersonal psychotherapy