Social Studies 6th Gr. 1st Sem

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khpmkp
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257503
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Social Studies 6th Gr. 1st Sem
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2014-01-20 16:20:17
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Egypt Hamurrabi Irrigation
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Social Studies 6th Grade 1st Semester Exam Study Guide
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  1. What means an object created and used by humans?
    Artifact
  2. What means extra, more than is needed?
    Surplus
  3. What means the division of society by rank or class?
    Social hierarchy
  4. What means a type of government in which people rule themselves?
    Democracy
  5. What means a type of government in which a king rules over a kingdom or empire?
    Monarchy
  6. What means a government in which only a few people have power?
    Oligarchy
  7. What means a political system in which people elect leaders to govern them?
    Republic
  8. What means a type of government in which a tyrant or dictator has absolute power?
    Authoritarian Government
  9. What means an agreement to work together?
    Alliance
  10. What means a system that balances the distribution of power in a government?
    Checks and balances
  11. What means the worship of many gods?
    Polytheistic
  12. What means the belief in only one god?
    Monotheism
  13. What means the spread of ideas over time and place as a result of peoples interactions (examples could be the spread of religions, languages, etc)?
    Cultural Diffusion
  14. What does B.C. stand for in order to interpret a timeline?
    Before Christ
  15. What does B.C.E. stand for in order to interpret a timeline?
    Before Common Era
  16. What does A.D. stand for in order to interpret a timeline?
    Anno domini - In the time of our Lord
  17. What does C.E. stand for in order to interpret a timeline?
    Common Era
  18. What does C. stand for in order to interpret a timeline?
    Circa
  19. What was the importance of irrigation?
    Irrigation ditches/canals moved water from its source (river) to the crops. This new farming technique led to the growth of cities.
  20. What was the importance of Hammurabi's code?
    Hammurabi created one of the 1st codes of law, which listed laws and punishments for breaking those laws.
  21. What are the characteristics of a civilization?
    • Government
    • Urban Centers
    • Culture (art, music, writing, ...)
    • Stable food supply
    • Social Classes (hierarchy)
  22. What was the importance of the Nile River to the ancient Egyptians and other civilizations in the region?
    Egypt was called the "Gift of the Nile". The fertile land provided everything the Egyptians needed.
  23. What was the social hierarchy of ancient Egypt (from top to bottom)?
    • Pharaoh
    • Nobles
    • Scribes and craftspeople
    • Farmers, servants, and slaves
  24. What was the importance of trade for the ancient Greeks?
    The Greeks did not have enough farm land to grow extra food. Their climate and soil was suitable for growing grapes and olives. They made wine and olive oil from them and traded to obtain items they needed.
  25. What is a direct democracy?
    A form of government where all citizens have a direct impact on how they are governed.
  26. What is a representative democracy?
    A form of government where people elect leaders to represent them to make important political decisions.
  27. What was Rome's impact on the spread of Christianity?
    The emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and removed the bans on the religion. A later emperor made Christianity Rome's official religion. The Roman Empire covered 3 continents (Europe, Africa, and Asia). An example of cultural diffusion.
  28. What caused the fall of the Roman Empire?
    • Rich vs. poor -> social problems
    • Invasions -> military problems
    • Corruption/bad leaders -> political problems
    • High taxes -> economic problems
  29. What were the four "River Valley Civilizations"?
    • Mesopotamia
    • India
    • China
    • Egypt
  30. What ideas did our founding fathers (USA) borrow from the Roman Empire?
    • Christianity
    • Architecture and engineering
    • System of Law
    • Tripartite Government, Senate, System of checks and balances
  31. Why was Julius Caesar assassinated?
    Julius Caesar gained control of the Republic and people feared he would become a dictator, so they assassinated him.
  32. Latitude lines circle the globe in an _____ to ____ direction.
    east to west
  33. Latitude measures how far _____ or _____ a point on Earth lies from the equator. (Latitude lines are also called parrallels, as they parallel the equator.)
    north or south
  34. The ______ is at 0 degrees latitude and separates the Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres.
    equator
  35. Locations north of the equator have latitudes between ____ degrees (the equator) and ____ degrees N (the North Pole).
    0 degrees (the equator) and 90 degrees
  36. Locations south of the equator have latitudes between ____ degrees (the equator) and ____ degrees S (the South Pole).
    0 degrees (the equator) and 90 degrees
  37. Longitude lines run from the ______ to the _____ Pole.
    North to the South Pole.
  38. Longitude measures how far east or west a point on Earth lies from the ____________.
    prime meridian (longitude lines are also called meridians)
  39. The Prime Meridian, the line of longitude which passes through Greenwich, England, is the ___ degree longitude line.
    0 degree
  40. The Prime Meridian and 180 degrees separate the globe into the ______ and ______ hemispheres.
    Eastern and Western hemispheres
  41. Longitude values to the ____ of the Prime Meridian are specified by 0 degrees to 180 degrees E.
    East
  42. Longitude values to the ______ of the Prime Meridian are specified by 0 degrees to 180 degrees W.
    West
  43. A _______ of latitude and longitude provide the exact or _____ location of a specific place on earth.
    A coordinate of latitude and longitude provide the exact or absolute location of a specific place on earth.

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