it14spr101.20bc2t7,8,9.txt

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it14spr101.20bc2t7,8,9.txt
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2014-01-26 14:12:47
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  1. Substances that release ions in water.
    electrolytes
  2. Substances (electrolytes) that dissociate to release hydrogen ions (H+) in water.
    Acids
  3. Substances (electrolytes) that combine with hydrogen ions.
    Bases
  4. Substances formed by the reaction between an acid and a base.
    Salts
  5. A shorthand system used to indicate the concentration of hydrogen ions.
    ph
  6. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. On the pH scale 7.0 is?
    neutral ph
  7. pH values that are less than 7.0?
    Acidic solutions
  8. pH values that are more than 7.0?
    Alkaline solutions
  9. Blood pH above 7.45?
    alkalosis
  10. Blood pH below 7.35?
    Acidosis
  11. Chemicals that resist pH change?
    Buffers
  12. Carbonic acid dissociation formula?
    co2+h20><H2co3><h+plus HCO3
  13. Chemicals that contain carbon and hydrogen are organic, usually dissolve in organic liquids (oils), electrolytes normally do not dissociate in water, four groups of these substances in cells are 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic acids.
    organic substance
  14. Substances in cells are water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, & inorganic salts, these chemicals usually dissociate in water?
    Inorganic substances
  15. Sources of many necessary ions.
    Inorganic salts
  16. The condition of having electrolytes in correct concentrations, both inside and outside of cells.
    Electrolyte balance
  17. Their functions are A. supply energy to cells, B. Building Materials, C. Store Energy
    Carbohydrates
  18. Building blocks of carbohydrates and monosaccharides
    Sugar (glucose)
  19. These are the smallest building blocks of carbohydrates, examples include: glucose, fructose, and galactose.
    Monosaccharides (single ring)
  20. Sucrose and lactose are examples of these.
    Disaccharides (mulitple ring)
  21. These are built from multiple simple carbohydrates (monosaccharides), examples: cellulose, starch, and glycogen.
    Polysccaharides

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