Glucagon

Card Set Information

Author:
bryantfire
ID:
257573
Filename:
Glucagon
Updated:
2014-01-20 18:48:53
Tags:
Drugs UAV Paramedic
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Description:
Drug Drill
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  1. Glucagon
       Classification
    Hyperglycemic Agent (Pancreatic Hormone)
  2. Glucagon
       Action
    • -Elevates blood glucose by converting liver glycogen into free glucose molecules
    • -Relaxes smooth muscle of the respiratory tract
    • -Increases inotropic and chronotropic effect of myocardium
  3. Glucagon
       Indications
    ALOC when hypoglycemia is suspected and IV access cannot be established
  4. Glucagon
       Contraindications
    Not significant if above indications
  5. Glucagon
       Adverse Effects
    • Cardio
    • Hypertension
    • Angina
    • Tachycardia

    • Neuro
    • Dizziness

    • GI
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
  6. Glucagon
       Administration
    • 1mg IM.
    • May rpt every 20 mins (2x)
  7. Glucagon
       Pediatric
    Not used in prehospital setting.
  8. Glucagon
       Onset
       Duration
    • Onset
    • 5-10 mins

    • Duration
    • 1-2 hrs
  9. Glucagon
       Precautions
    Place pt in lt lateral position, monitor airway at all times and have suction readily available.

    Vomiting may occur & cause aspiration in unconscious  pts.
  10. Glucagon
       Note
    Only effective if liver glycogen is available and may be ineffective in chronic hypoglycemia, starvation, or renal insufficiency.

    Pts w/CAD or heart disease may increase risk of AMI

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