Chapter 10 Key Terms
Card Set Information
Chapter 10 Key Terms
Psychology Chapter 10 Definitions
the force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the way they do
an innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is assumed to be universal throughout species
an aroused state that occurs because of physiological need
a deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce the deprivation
the body’s tendency to maintain an equilibrium, or a steady state
when performance is best under conditions of moderate arousal rather than either low or high arousal
learning to perform a task so well that it becomes automatic.
the weight maintained when the individual makes no effort to gain or lose weight.
an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation.
an eating disorder in which an individual (typically female) consistently follows a binge-and-purge eating pattern.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
characterized by recurrent episodes of consuming large amounts of food during which the person feels a lack of control over eating.
Hierarchy of Needs
states that must be satisfied in the following sequence: physiological needs, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization
the highest and most elusive of Maslow’s needs, is the motivation to develop one’s full potential as a human being
asserts that there are three basic organismic needs: competence, relatedness, and autonomy
based on internal factors such as organismic needs (competence, relatedness, and autonomy), as well as curiosity, challenge, and fun
involves external incentives such as rewards and punishments
the process by which an organism effortfully controls behavior in order to pursue important objectives.
feeling, or affect, that can involve physiological arousal (such as a fast heartbeat), conscious experience (thinking about being in love with someone), and behavioral expression (a smile or grimace)
a lie detector
states that emotion results from physiological states triggered by stimuli in the environment.
Proposes that after the initial perception, the experience of the emotion results from the
of one’s own physiological changes.
the proposition that emotion and physiological reactions occur simultaneously.
Two-factor Theory of Emotion
developed by Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer, states that emotion is determined by two factors: physiological arousal and cognitive labeling.
Facial Feedback Hypothesis
states that facial expressions can influence emotions as well as reflect them.
are sociocultural standards that determine when, where, and how emotions should be expressed.
refers to emotions such as anger, guilt, and sadness
refers to emotions such as joy, happiness, and interest.
Broaden-and Build Model
Fredrickson’s model of positive emotion, stating that the function of positive emotions lies in their effects on an individual's attention and ability to build resources.