Ch. 10 Vocab

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Anonymous
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257745
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Ch. 10 Vocab
Updated:
2014-01-21 19:00:28
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Honors Biology
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Sparks Sophomore Year
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  1. Viruses that infect bacteria
    Bacteriophage
  2. Consists of 3 parts that helpĀ make up DNA: 5 carbon sugar, phosphate group, & nitrogenous base
    Nucleotide
  3. Cytosine-Guanine
    Adenine-Thymine
    Base pairing rules
  4. Process where DNA is copied in a cell before a cell divides by mitosis, meiosis, or binary fusion
    DNA replication
  5. Add complementary nucleotides to each of the original strands
    DNA Polymerase
  6. Change in the nucleotide sequence of a DNA molecule
    Mutation
  7. DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
    Transcription
  8. RNA directs the assembly of proteins
    Translation
  9. Forming proteins based on information in DNA &n carried out by RNA (also called gene expression)
    Protein Synthesis
  10. Single stranded RNA molecule that carries instructions from a gene to make a protein
    Messenger RNA (mRNA)
  11. Part of the structure of ribosomes
    Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
  12. Transfers amino acids to the ribosome to make a protein
    Transfer RNA (tRNA)
  13. Term for the rules that relate to how a sequence of nitrogenous bases in nucleotides corresponds to a particular amino acid
    Genetic Code
  14. Each 3-nucleotide sequence in mRNA that encodes an amino acid or signifies a start or stop signal
    Codon
  15. 2 nucleotides on the RNA that are complementary to the sequence of a codon in mRNA
    Anti-Codon

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