Neuroanatomy - Scalp , Cranial Meninges , Brain

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Author:
glparker86
ID:
257798
Filename:
Neuroanatomy - Scalp , Cranial Meninges , Brain
Updated:
2014-01-22 00:25:47
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Neuroanatomy
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Scalp , Cranial , Brain
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  1. What does S.C.A.L.P represent ?
    • Skin
    • Connective Tissue
    • Aponeurosis 
    • Loose Connective Tissue
    • Periosteum
  2. What is the Scalp Proper ?
    It is the Skin, Connective Tissue,Aponeurosis that allows for the Scalp to move freely.
  3. What nerves do these nerves come from ?
    Supratrochlear
    Supraorbital
    Zygomaticotemporal
    Auriculotemporal
    lesser occipital
    occipital
    • Supratrochlear - frontal nerve
    • Supraorbital - Frontal nerve
    • Zygomaticotemporal - maxillary nerve Auriculotemporal-mandibular nerve
    • lesser occipital -Optic Nerve
    • occipital -Optic Nerve
  4. The Scalp is an area of anastomosis between branches of what two types of arteries ? Where are they located ?
    • ICA - Frontal
    • ECA-Lateral 
    • ECA-Posterior
  5. If there is a blow to the head why is there so much blood ? How do you fix it ?
    Rich blood supply , ICA and ECA , it has to be sutured
  6. Infection or fluid in the saclp this layer (pus or bld.) cannot pass posteriorly or laterally, WHY??
    • Posterior - Nuchal Lines
    • Lateral -Temporal lines
  7. Where would the scalp infection spread and how ?
    Through the emissary veins into the meninges , nose and eyelids
  8. What are the three layers of the meninges ?
    • Spinal Dura Mater
    • Spinal Arachnoid Mater 
    • Spinal Pia Mater
  9. What is the purpose of the meninges ?
    • 1. protect the brain
    • 2. provide supporting framework for a. & v.
    • 3. enclose fluid-filledcavity (CSF)
  10. Where is the best place in the vertebral column for a spinal tap ?
    Terminal Cistern -Lumbar Region
  11. What are the four main Dural Reflections (septa) to restrict the rotatory displacement of the brain ?
    • falx cerebri
    • falx cerebelli
    • tentorium cerebelli
    • sellar diaphragm
  12. what space contains CSF ?
    Subarachnoid space
  13. where does the arterial supply to the Middle Meningeal a. & Accessory Meningeal come from ?
    • The foramen spinosum
    • Maxillary / Mandibular artery
  14. What artery supplys the blood for 2 Anterior meningeal a ?
    Ophthalmic artery
  15. What are arteries supply the  4 Post. Meningeal a.: ?
    2 from ascending pharyngeal a

    • vertebral a.
    • occipital a.

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