Art 102

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Art 102
2010-07-05 20:43:27
art vocabulary

Art Vocab Test 1
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  1. Oil Paint
    Pigments mixed with oil. Slow drying allows for glazing and rich colors.

    • Jan Van Eyck is considered inventor of oil paint
    • Titian was first to use oil on canvas
  2. Fresco
    Water based pigments applied to wet or dry plaster. Used in southern regions of Europe (primarily Italy) because of the need for dry climate.
  3. Tempera
    Pigments mixed with ground limestone and water or egg yolk. Quick drying colors were not as rich when compared to oil paint.
  4. Marble
    Crystallized limestone used for sculpting,
  5. Bronze
    Metal consisting of copper and tin.
  6. Contrapposto
    Counter-positioning of body around a central axis
  7. Triptych
    Altarpiece or devotional picture either carved or painted with 1 center panel and 2 wings
  8. Diptych
    2 Panels
  9. Sfumato
    softened outlines, smoke like haze

    popularized by di Vinci
  10. Chiaroscuro
    Modeling of form through light and shadow
  11. Column
    Cylindrical, upright, architectural support. Consisting of shaft, base and capital
  12. Pilaster
    Engaged column a flat vertical element projecting from a wall surface, normally having a base, shaft and capital. Generally a decoration rather than structural element.
  13. Entablature
    The horizontal elements above the columns and capitals, consisting of (from top to bottom a cornice, frieze and architrave.)
  14. Arch
    A curved structural element that spans an open space. Built from wedge-shaped stone blocks
  15. Weight-Shift
    weight shifted to one leg
  16. Woodcut
    Block of wood gorged out in raised relief. Ink is applied and paper pressed onto block to receive image.
  17. Engraving
    Copper plates incised with a sharp tool (burin). Ink is rubbed into grooves, paper pressed into plate to receive image. When plate is incised with a small needle it is called dry point.
  18. Etching
    Copper plate covered with resin ground. Image scratched into ground, plate then dipped in acid. This technique is preferred by printmakers.