ahs 302l week 2

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Author:
sinopa
ID:
257803
Filename:
ahs 302l week 2
Updated:
2014-01-26 16:54:08
Tags:
ahs 302 lab parasitology wallace
Folders:
302l
Description:
Cal poly pomonas AHS class 302 Lab with Wallace. Winter 2014.
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  1. Hymenoptera
    • ants, bees, wasps, hornets
    • have four wings
  2. Mallophaga
    • biting lice
    • wingless
    • smaller than anoplura
    • yellow in color
  3. Anoplura
    • sucking lice
    • wingless
    • red to grey in color
    • do not parasitize birds or cats
  4. Diptera
    • flies
    • two wings
  5. Siphonaptera
    • fleas
    • wingless
  6. Signifigance of Hymenoptera
    • envenomation through sting
    • some can cause death through multiple stings
    • most bees only cause minor envenomation
  7. Diagnosis of Hymenoptera
    • Collect intact Hymenopteran
    • Place in a sealed container of 10% formalin or alcohol
    • Submit to a lab
  8. Lice lifecycle
    • 3 stages
    • nit
    • nypmh
    • adult
  9. How are lice transmitted
    • direct
    • fomites
  10. Pediculosis
    infestation by either chewing or sucking lice
  11. Trichodectes canis
    biting dog louse
  12. Linognathus piliferus setossus
    sucking dog louse
  13. Polyplax spp.
    • house mouse louse
    • rat louse
    • sucking louse
  14. Gliricola porcelli
    • guinea pig louse
    • chewing
  15. Gyropus ovalis
    guinea pig louse, chewing
  16. Damalinia bovis
    bovine biting/chewing louse
  17. Hematopinus suis
    • hog louse
    • sucking louse
  18. Lipeurus caponis
    poultry wing louse
  19. Menopon spp.
    • shaft lice of fowl
    • chicken louse
  20. Biting flies where only females feed on blood
    • Mosqitoes (Anopheles, Aedes, Culex)
    • Deerflies (Cheysops spp.)
    • Biting gnats, flies, midges (Simulium, Lutzomyia, Culicoides)
    • Horseflies (Tabanus)
  21. Mosquitos
    • Anopheles
    • Aedes
    • Culex

    only female takes blood meals
  22. Deerflies
    Chrysops


    only female takes blood meals
  23. Biting gnats, flies, midges
    • Simulium
    • Lutzomyia
    • Culicoides

    only female takes blood meals
  24. Horseflies
    Tabanus

    only female takes blood meals
  25. Black flies
    buffalo gnats
    • Simulium sp.
    • biting gnat
    • intermediate host for Leucocytozoon
    • only female takes blood meals
  26. No-See-Ums
    Punkies
    Sand Flies
    • Culicoides sp.
    • biting gnat
    • intermediate host for blue tongue virus, Onchocera

    • only female takes blood meals
  27. New world sand flies
    • Lutzomyia spp.
    • biting gnat
    • intermediate host for Leishmania

    only female takes blood meals
  28. Nuisance flies
    • feed on secretions
    • ex. Musca autumnalis face fly
  29. Biting flies where both male and female take blood meals
    • Stomoxys calcitrans
    • Haematobia irritans
    • Melophagus ovinus
  30. Stable fly
    biting house fly
    • Stomoxys calcitrans
    • fly
    • intermediate host for Habronema
    • both male and female take blood meals
  31. Horn fly
    • Haematobia irritans
    • fly
    • intermediate host for Stephanofilaria
    • both male and female take blood meals
  32. Sheep Ked
    • Melophagus ovinus
    • both male and female take blood meals
  33. Facultative myiasis
    • when larvae develop in the tissues of the host
    • can cause death by shock, toxins, trauma, infection
    • caused by blow flies, bottle flies, flesh flies
  34. Obligatory myiasis
    • Fly larvae that are dependent on the host during development
    • Cochliomyia hominivorax
    • Cuterebra spp.
    • Hypoderma spp.
  35. Screw worm
    • Cochliomyia hominivorax
    • obligatory myiasis
    • REPORTABLE DISEASE TO THE STATE AND USDA
  36. warbles
    wolves
    • Cuterebra spp.
    • obligatory myiasis
    • creates a fistulae/subcutaneous swelling
  37. ox warbles
    cattle grubs
    "heel flies"
    • Hypoderma spp.
    • obligatory myiasis
    • look like bees
    • leads to "gadding"
    • create "breathing holes"
  38. Cuterebra species
  39. Hypoderma species
  40. Horse bots
    • Gasterophilus spp.
    • obligatory myiasis
    • host licks eggs, larvae penetrate mouth then migrate into stomach where they grow for 10-12 months
    • Gasterophilus spp
    • Horse bots
    • Oestrus ovis
    • nasal bots
    • nasal bot flies
  41. Nasal bots
    nasal bot flies
    • Oestrus ovis
    • obligatory myiasis
    • bee-like, annoying
    • larvae deposited at nasal openings, migrate to sinus, causes discharge
    • diagnosis: dark brown bots at nares
  42. Deer and horse flies
    large
  43. Stable fly description
    • found on legs and ventral abdomen of horses and cattle
    • feed on ear tips of dogs
  44. Horn fly description
    spend most of life on cattle around horns, shoulders, back and ventrum
  45. Sheep ked description
    easy to find in wool
  46. Face fly description
    found on eyes and muzzle of livestock
  47. Fly strike - two meanings
    • Stomoxys calcitrans (Stable/biting house fly) bites on tips of pointed ears on dogs
    • Facultative myiasis-producing flies
  48. Cat flea
    • Ctenocephalides felis
    • Intermediate host for
    • -Diylidium caninum (double pored tapeworm of dogs and cats)
    • -Acanthoceilonema reconditum (blood nematode of dogs and cats)
    • -Bartonella spps.
  49. Dog flea
    Ctenocephalides canis
    • Echidnophaga gallinacea
    • stick tight flea
    • also feeds on dogs and cats

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