Soc 366

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Soc 366
2014-01-26 17:28:29
People Industry

People in Industry
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  1. Work = Activity, provides socially valued product or service, many forms
  2. Empirical = no change
    Normative = change, what ought to be,
  3. Industrialization
    -technical aspects of progressing society
    -mechanization, high SOL eventually
    -bureaucracy, increased education, urbanization
  4. Capitalism = key aspects of economic & social organization of productive enterprise
  5. European Feudal Society
    -agriculture, inequality, little social change, little rights
    -working class (Proletariat), capitalist class (Bourgeoisie)
    Marx- proletariat rev leads to socialism
  6. Mercantile Capitalism (1500's)
    -Merchants wealthy (trade), colonial empire
    -wealth fuels industrial capitalism
    -expansion for more trade goods
  7. Industrial Revolution (1700's)
    -rapid social, economic change
    -industrial advancement (factories)
    -creation of working class, skilled workers endangered
    -division of labour, women work
  8. Great Transformation (1944)
    -new market economy transforms society
    -emphasis on raw production, transportation 
    -agriculture declines, wage labour, gender roles change, democracy
  9. Canada (1800's)
    -slover industrialization, origional provided raw materials
    -immigration helps establish transportation
    -Trans creates industrialization, US investment
    -production increases, craftwork decreases
  10. Adam Smith "Wealth of Nations"
    -capitalism a source of wealth
    -competition leads to economic growth
    -"invisible hand"
    -worker exploitation? - higher wages leads to productivity (not reality)
  11. Karl Marx
    -land , labour, capital = modes of production
    -equal class structure, value leads to exploitation
    -loss of control over work = alienation
    -class conflict lead to social change (rev), socialism
  12. Division of Labour
    -specialization vs. deskilling
    -Adam Smith "key to success"
    -Charles Babbage "lower labour cost=profit)
    -Karl Marx "alienation=class conflict"
  13. Division of Labour (Emile Durkheim)
    -interdependence in society
    -excessive DOL = social isolation
    -society must work together to overcome "growing pains" of industrial capitalism
  14. Max Weber
    -critic of bureaucracies, result of industrial cap
    -informal work replaced, job diversity narrowed
    -bureaucracy = "iron cage"
  15. Trends of Industrial Capitalism
    -colonial legacies
    -Scandinavian experiments w/ democracy
    -Asian tigers - state guided, investments
    -China politically com, economically cap
  16. Problems of Industrial cap
    -Great Depression followed by golden era
    -downsizing (de-industrialization)
    -environmental eoncerns
  17. Industrial restructuring (1980's)
    -downsizing, relocation, mergers
    -demand for "flexible" workforce, fewer restrictions
    -growing inequality
  18. Era of Globalization (flow of $, services, goods)
    -economic change (international dol & production)
    -technological change (internet)
    -Political change (free trade, less intervention)
    -cultural change (immigrants)
  19. Daniel Bell
    -service sector replaces manufacturing
    -demand for education
    -knowledge=less social inequality
  20. Robert Reich
    -service sector dominates
    -work conducted in global network
    -educated workers valuable
    -gap b/w rich and poor growing
  21. Richard Florida
    -economic growth depends on creativity
    -3 T's=technology, talent, tolerance
    Joseph Schumpeter
    -capitalism replaces old industries, creative destruction
  22. Care Giving & Globalization
    -"care deficit" in industrialized countries (duel earning families) filled by immigrants)
  23. Manufacturing Jobs (Maquilas)
    -factories set up in developing countries by rich countries (ex Mexico)
    -to some extent Canada (w/ US relationship), b/c stable, unemployment, tax, close, educated
  24. Outsourcing
    -countries outsource skilled jobs for cheaper labour costs
  25. Population Aging
    -result of baby boomers
    -more competition for successful jobs
    -"near retirement" percentage increase
    -deal w/ pensions and retirement age?
    -shortage of blue collar workers
  26. Increasing Worker Diversity
    -immigrants increasing, fill unwanted jobs
    -come mostly from asian countries
    -visible minorities increasing
  27. Educated Workers Increasing
    -more competitive internationally
    -workforce training separate (canada not so good)
    - employment progressing slower, leader to unemployment and underemployment
  28. Labour Force Participation Trends
    -more women, less men
    -youth went down in 1990's, up since
    -more older workers
  29. Industrial Shifts
    -more people going to tertiary industry, leaving primary and secondary
    -due to expansion, outsourcing, education, technology, ect