ToP ch 7

The flashcards below were created by user emalfarta on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. self psychology
    • theory that the self is the center of psychological motivation, organization, and change in personality
    • -assumes that psychological damage to the self produces psychopathology
  2. objects-relations theory
    the course of human development depends on the quality of the relationships established between individuals, particularly between parents and their children
  3. object relations
    mental representations of real external people that exist within the individual self
  4. self-objects
    representations of psychologically important people who can help us cope with and resolve problems
  5. nuclear self
    foundation of personality, established through a learning process initiated by empathic parents, in which individuals modify their unrealistic beliefs about themselves and their caretakers
  6. primary narcissism
    initial state of well-being and satisfaction in which all of the infant's needs are gratified and the infant feels an oceanic perfection and bliss
  7. grandiose self
    primitive view of oneself as great
  8. mirroring
    • process whereby a person sees himself or herself in the face of the other (usually the mother
    • -child can internalize others' approval and admiration
    • -facilitated by empathy:ability to assume the perspective of another person; to know and understand his or her experiences
  9. optimal frustrations
    ideal, nontraumatic, frustration of a person's needs (by parents) that fosters new learning and personal growth
  10. transmuting internalizations
    process whereby individuals learn more realistic and effective ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving as a consequence of interactions with empathic parents
  11. idealized parental imago
    children's initial view of their parents as perfect, all-knowing, and all-powerful
  12. need to idealize
    need to seek security by identifying with all-powerful figures, usually parents
  13. cohesive self
    • personality ta is organized and health, and functions effectively,
    • because its narcissistic energies are primarily invested in the pursuit
    • of realistic goals
  14. psychosis
    severe disturbance of the self in which defenses do not cover major defects in the self
  15. borderline states
    disorders of the self in which damage to the self is permanent or protracted; in contrast to the psychoses, the central defect is better covered by major defenses
  16. schizoid personality disorders
    defective self structures are protected against further damage by aloofness and superficial involvement in relationships
  17. paranoid personality disorders
    deficiencies in self structures are shielded against further damage by using hostility and suspicion to keep potentially injurious objects at a safe distance
  18. narcissistic personality disorders
    • -underestimated self
    • -fragmenting self
    • -overstimulating self
    • -overburdened self
    • -mirror-hungry personalities
    • -ideal-hungry personalities
    • -alter-ego personality
    • -merger-hungry personalities
    • -contact-shunning personalities
  19. underestimated self
    individuals feel empty, bored, and depressed because their parents have failed to respond empatthically to their mirroring and idealizing need
  20. fragmenting self
    person feels uncoordinated, in some cases, the person may feel tired, mentally slow, and awkward following threatening experiences
  21. overstimulated self
    individuals exposed to excessive stimulation in childhood, because their fantasies of greatness were continually reinforced by unempatthic caregivers
  22. overburdened self
    • person has not had an opportunity to merge with the calmness of an omnipotent self-object, usually a parent
    • -result is a lack of the self-soothing capacity that could have been learned through such contact
  23. mirror-hungry personalities
    individuals who crave self-objects whose confirming and admiring responses will increase their feelings of self-worth
  24. ideal-hungry personalities
    individuals who experience themselves as worthwhile as long as they can relate to people they can admire
  25. alter-ego personalities
    individuals who feel worthwhile only if they have a relationship with a self-object who looks and dresses like them and has similar opinions and values
  26. merger-hungry personalities
    individuals who experiences others as their own self
  27. contact-shunning personalities
    intense longing to merge with self-objects: such individuals are highly sensitive to rejection, to avoid this pain, they avoid social contact
  28. unhealthy narcissism
    unrealistic feelings of grandeur, exhibitionism, poor impulse control, and impoverished relationships with their parents
  29. health narcissism
    person sheds excessive parental dependencies, stats to exercise autonomy, develop skills, and becomes a creative, empathic, and achievement-oriented person within a context of enduring interpersonal commitments
  30. autonomous self
    self of an individual who has achieved optimal mental health and a freedom from inhibitions that interfere with his or her ability to act productively.
Card Set:
ToP ch 7
2014-01-22 19:39:38
theories personality
ch 7
Show Answers: