Lab values Exam 1

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Author:
kbryant86
ID:
257922
Filename:
Lab values Exam 1
Updated:
2014-01-29 12:18:59
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Adults
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Adults 1
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  1. RBC range
    3.8-6.2
  2. Low RBC count
    • anemia
    • fatigue
  3. High RBC count
    • thick bld
    • blurred vision
    • chest pain
    • HA
    • ms pain
    • dizzy
    • tinnitus
  4. Hgb range
    12.0-16.2
  5. Low Hgb
    • anemia
    • bleeding
    • malnutrition
    • overhydration
  6. High Hgb count
    • CHD
    • Inc RBC production
    • dehydration
  7. Hct range
    37-52%
  8. Low Hct
    anemia, blding, malnutrition, overhydration
  9. High Hct
    dehydration, CHD, COPD, dec. oxygen
  10. PT range
    12-14 sec
  11. Low PT
    DVT, PE, stroke
  12. High PT
    hemorrhage
  13. PTT range
    18-28 sec
  14. low PTT
    clots
  15. High PTT
    bleeding disorder, use of anti-coag
  16. platelet count range
    140-450
  17. low platelets
    bruising, blding, rash
  18. high platelets
    stroke, PE, DVT
  19. WBC count range
    4.1-10.9
  20. band neutrophils normal %
    0-10%
  21. causes for decreased band neut count
    • bone marrow depression
    • bad bacterial or viral infection
  22. causes for increased band neut count
    response to inflam response
  23. segmented neutrophil normal count
    35-80%
  24. causes for decreased segmented neut count
    bone marrow depressionbad bacterial or viral infection
  25. causes for increased segmented neut count
    response to inflam response
  26. Eosinophils normals
    0-7%
  27. causes for decreased eosins count
    cushings, autoimmune diseases, stress
  28. causes for increased eosins count
    parasites, autoimmunes
  29. basophil normals
    0-2%
  30. causes for decreased basos count
    • actue stress
    • hypersense rxn
    • HYPERthyroid
  31. causes for increased baso count
    • hypersense
    • small/chickenpox
    • HYPOthyroid
  32. lymphocyte norms
    20-50%
  33. causes for decreased lymphos count
    • b. marrow depression
    • immunodeficiency
    • leukemia
    • cushings
    • hodgkins
    • renal failure
  34. causes for increased lympho count
    • chronic inflamm
    • virus
  35. monocyte norms
    2-12%
  36. causes for decreased monos count
    • b. marrow depression
    • corticosteroid therapy
  37. causes for increased monos count
    • chronic inflamm
    • TB
    • virus
    • leukemia
    • hodgkins
  38. 0.9% saline and Lactated Ringers
    Isotonic solutions
  39. contra and indications for use of 0.9% saline and Lactated Ringers
    indicate= dehydration (both ECF and ICF)

    contra= liver disease b/c unable to convert lactate to bicarb
  40. 0.45%, 0.25% Saline and D5W
    hypOtonic solutions
  41. contra and indications for use of 0.45%, 0.25% Saline and D5W
    indicate= hypernatremia, hypovolemia (ICF)

    • contra= risk for increases ICP (stroke, head trauma, etc.)
    •  = Risk for 3rd space shift of fluid into tissue (burns, trauma, etc.)
  42. effect of hypOtonic solutions on ECF and ICF
    ECF= decreases

    ICF= increases
  43. fluids with meds
    D5W NaCl
    D5W Lactate Ringer
    hypERtonic solution
  44. contra and indications for use of fluids with meds, D5W NaCl, and D5W Lactate Ringer
    indicate= reduce edema, Na deficit (ECF)

    • contra= Diabetic ketoacidosis
    •  = impaired cardiac OR kidney function
  45. effect of hypERtonic solutions on ECF and ICF
    ECF= increases

    ICF= decreases

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