Chapter 3

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Anonymous
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257948
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Chapter 3
Updated:
2014-02-20 17:51:03
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Exploring Medical Language 8th edition Lafleur
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Description:
direction terms, planes, positions, regions, and quadrants
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  1. uni-
    • prefix
    • one
  2. bi-
    • prefix
    • two
  3. -ad
    • suffix
    • toward
  4. -ior
    • suffix
    • pertaining to
  5. anter/o
    • combining form
    • front
  6. poster/o
    • combining form
    • back
    • behind
  7. caud/o
    • combining form
    • tail
    • (downward)
  8. cephal/o
    • combining form
    • head
    • (upward)
  9. dist/o
    combining form

    away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
  10. proxim/o
    combining form

    near (the point of attachment of a body part)
  11. ventr/o
    combining form

    belly (front)
  12. dors/o
    combining form

    back
  13. super/o
    combining form

    above
  14. infer/o
    combining form

    below
  15. later/o
    combining form

    side
  16. medi/o
    combining form

    middle
  17. caudad
    toward the tail (downward)
  18. cephalad
    toward the head (upward)
  19. lateral (lat)
    pertaining to a side
  20. medial (med)
    pertaining to the middle
  21. unilateral
    pertaining to one side (only)
  22. bilateral
    pertaining to two sides
  23. mediolateral
    pertaining to the middle and to the side
  24. distal
    pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
  25. proximal
    pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
  26. inferior (inf)
    pertaining to below
  27. superior (sup)
    pertaining to above
  28. caudal
    pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior in most instances related to human anatomy)
  29. cephalic
    pertaining to the head
  30. anterior (ant)
    pertaining to the front
  31. posterior
    pertaining to the back
  32. dorsal
    pertaining to the back
  33. ventral
    pertaining to the belly (front)
  34. anteroposterior (AP)
    pertaining to the front and to the back
  35. posteroanterior
    pertaining to the back and to the front
  36. frontal or coronal
    vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
  37. midsagittal
    vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body equally into right and left halves
  38. parasagittal

    an older term not used as much today, replaced with sagittal
    vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into unequal left and right sides
  39. sagittal
    vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)
  40. transverse
    horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions
  41. midline
    an imaginary line that separates the body or body parts, into halves. Used a a common reference point.
  42. Fowler position
    semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees
  43. lithotomy position
    lying on back with legs raised and feet in stirrups
  44. orthopnea position

    Also called orthopneic position
    sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest.
  45. prone position
    lying of abdomen, faced downward (head may be turned to one side)
  46. recumbent position
    lying down in any position
  47. Sims position
    lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back
  48. supine position
    lying on back, facing upward
  49. Trendelenburg position
    lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet
  50. umbilical region (1)
    around the navel (umbilicus)
  51. lumbar regions (2)
    to the right and left of the umbilical region, generally above the stomach
  52. epigastric region (1)
    superior to the umbilical region, generally above the stomach
  53. hypochondriac regions (2)
    to the right and left of the epigastric region
  54. hypogastric region (1)
    inferior to the umbilical region
  55. iliac regions (2)

    also called inguinal regions
    to the right and left of the hypogastric region, near the groin
  56. right upper quadrant (RUQ)
    refers to the area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, gallbladder, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines
  57. left upper quadrant (LUQ)

    the word 'left' comes first, make sure to remember that!
    refers to the area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines
  58. right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, right ovary/uterine tube for women or right spermatic duct in men
  59. left lower quadrant (LLQ)

    the word 'left' comes first, make sure to remember that!
    refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, left ovary/uterine tube for women or left spermatic duct in men

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