it14Spr101.40DC1T1234.txt

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it14Spr101.40DC1T1234.txt
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it14Spr101.40DC1T1234
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  1. Anatomy the study of structure of body parts including their forms and organization
    • Physiology the study of function of body parts
    • Atom smallest chemical structure; example is hydrogen and lithium
    • Molecule comprised of atoms; examples are water and glucose
    • Macromolecule comprised of molecule; examples are proteins and DNA
    • Organelle comprised of macromolecules; examples are mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, and nuclei
    • Cell comprised of organelles; examples are muscle cells and nerve cells
    • Tissue comprised of cells; examples are simple squamous epithelium and loose connective tissue
    • Organ comprised of tissues; examples are skin, femur, heart, and kidney
    • Organ System comprised of organs; examples are integumentary system, skeletal system, and digestive system
    • Organism comprised of organ systems
    • Movement change in body position or body part position, includes motions of internal organs
    • Responsiveness reaction to a change taking place inside or outside the body
    • Growth an increase in body size
    • Reproduction production of new organisms and new cells
    • Respiration process of obtaining oxygen, removing carbon dioxide, and releasing energy from foods
    • Digestion the breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be absorbed and used
    • Absorption the passage of substances through membranes and into body fluids
    • Circulation movement of substances from place to place in body fluids
    • Assimilation changing of absorbed substances into chemically different forms
    • Excretion removal of waste produced by metabolic reactions
    • Metabolism the sum of all physical and chemical events that obtain, release, and utilize energy
    • Appendicular includes all upper and lower limbs
    • Axial upper portion of the body including head, neck, and trunk
    • Viscera organs within body cavities
    • Thoracic cavity contains the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland; separated by the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm
    • Pleural Cavity potential space between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura
    • Mediastinum regions in the thoracic cavity between the lungs
    • Pericardial cavity potential space between the parietal pericardium and the visceral layer
    • Abdominalopelvic Cavity abdominal and pelvic cavity
    • Abdominal Cavity contains the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, and the small and large intestines
    • Pelvic Cavity contains the end of large intestines, urinary bladder, and the internal reproductive organs
    • Vertebral Canal houses the spinal cord
  2. physiology
    the study of function of body parts
  3. atom
    smallest chemical structure; example is hydrogen and lithium
  4. molecule
    comprised of atoms; examples are water and glucose
  5. macromolecule
    comprised of molecules; examples are protein and DNA
  6. organelle
    comprised of macromolecules; examples are mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, and nuclei
  7. cell
    comprised of organelles; examples are muscle cells and nerve cells
  8. tissue
    comprised of cells; examples are simple squamous epithelium and loose connective tissue
  9. organ
    comprised of tissues; examples are skin, femur, heart, and kidney
  10. organ system
    comprised of organs; examples are integumentary system, skeletal system, and digestive system
  11. organism
    comprised of organ systems
  12. movement
    change in body position or body part position, includes motions of internal organs
  13. responsiveness
    reaction to a change; takes place inside or outside the body
  14. growth
    an increase in body size
  15. reproduction
    production of new organisms and new cells
  16. respiration
    process of obtaining oxygen, removing carbon dioxide, and releasing energy from food
  17. digestion
    the breakdown of food substances into simpler foods that can be absorbed and used
  18. absorption
    the passage of substances through membranes and into body fluids
  19. circulation
    movement of substances from place to place in body fluids
  20. assimilation
    changing of absorbed substances into chemically different forms
  21. excretion
    removal of waste produced by metabolic reactions
  22. metabolism
    the sum of all physical and chemical events that obtain, release, and utilize energy
  23. appendicular
    includes all upper and lower limbs
  24. axial
    upper portion of the body including the head, neck, and trunk
  25. viscera
    organs within body cavities
  26. thoracic cavity
    contains lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland; separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm
  27. pleural cavity
    potential space between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura
  28. mediastinum
    regions in the thoracic cavity between the lungs
  29. pericardial cavity
    potential space between the parietal pericardium and the visceral layer
  30. abdominopelvic cavity
    abdominal and pelvic cavity
  31. abdominal cavity
    contains the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, and small and large intestines
  32. pelvic cavity
    contains the end of large intestines, urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs
  33. vertebral canal
    houses the spinal cord

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