Alterations of Consciousness
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Who was the founder of psychology as a laboratory science in the 19th century ?
What did Wundt confine to research concerning sensation and perception, in which laboratory instruments were used to vary the stimuli ?
Who developed the terms inner perception and inner observation ?
What is the term for the discrete noticing of what was happening to mental events as they occurred without interfering with them ?
What is the term for the direct focusing on one's inner mental life ?
What is Introspection ?
looking into our own minds and reporting what we there discover
What is Retrospection ?
a person examines her memory of that which has previously transpired
Who coined the terms Introspection & Retrospection ?
What did the Computational Approach emphasize ?
- Other cognitive processes
What did the Computational Approach leave out ?
What approach entails that introspecting is an imaginative reconstruction of what we think our mental life should be like based on perceptions of our own and others' behaviors ?
What is the term for our ability to know something of our own cognitive processes ?
What kind of method is where participants wear an electronic pager that oes off at random intervals where participants give a high-resolution description of their mental states right as these are happening ?
Experience Sampling Method
What are the 4 metaphors that have been used to characterize the manner in which people's perceptions of themselves function ?
- Consistency Seeker
What metaphor refers to a person's dispassionate search for accurate self-knowledge ?
What metaphor refers to reduce inconsistency by selective remembering of life events, reconstruction of the past, seeking out and creating contexts in which one's ideas about oneself are confirmed, and distorting or discounting the inconsistent information, even when one's self-views are negative ?
What metaphor defines, constructs, and negotiates her self-concept through interaction with others in such a way as to create favorable impressions on others and to gain their approval ?
What metaphor is that people are motivated toward self-enhancement, that people want to like themselves and will adopt cognitive and interpersonal strategies to create and maintain a positive self image
What are the 5 characteristics of thinking developed by James ?
- Every thought tends to be part of a personal consciousness
- Within each personal consciousness thought is always changing
- Within each personal consciousness thought is sensibly continuous like a 'stream'
- Thought always appears to deal with objects independent of itself
- Thought is interested in some parts of these objects to the exclusion of others, and chooses from among them
In contemporary cognitive science, the self is ?
- Biological organism
- Person's information processing system
What are the two parts of the stream of consciousness ?
What are the 3 dimensions of thinking developed by Klinger ?
- Thought are Spontaneous OR Deliberate
- Thoughts are Internal OR External
- Thoughts are Strange
What type of thinking is consisted of specific content that is intentionally directed toward the attainment of certain goals ?
What type of thinking consists of thought that just pop into our minds ?
2/3 of participates rated a majority of their thoughts as ?
1/3 of participates rated a majority of their thoughts as ?
What are two ways that we can focus our thinking ?
What focus of thinking is paying attention to what is going on in the environment around us ?
What focus of thinking is of our thoughts away from what is happening in our environment ?
Within the Strange dimension, what are 3 categories our thoughts are in ?
- Fanciful Or Realistic
What are thoughts where important social role expectations or current versions of natural laws are violated ?
What is the term for when thought inexplicably jump from one to another ?
What are dreams or thoughts where nothing makes any sense ?
what type of dreams are thoughts that are spontaneous rather than deliberate ?
What author states that daydreams were internally focused rather than externally focused thoughts ?
Is it possible that you can purposely daydream to remember something that rationally logic thinking you can't?
Yes, through guided imagery
What author stated that daydreaming is a channel of information about ourselves to ourselves ?
What are different daydreaming styles ?
- Poor Attentional Control
What daydreaming style is it when we become absorbed in frequent, vivid, playful, and wish-fulfilling fantasies that are accepted, enjoyed, and used for problem solving ?
What daydreaming style is it when we tend to repeat a small number of themes of a somewhat bizarre nature often emerging with a near hallucinatory vividness ?
What daydreaming style is it when we have difficulty concentrating and are anxious, distracted, easily bored, and unable to sustain an elaborate fantasy
Poor Attentional Control
What personality of the five-factor model of personality is correlated with Positive-Constructive Daydreaming ?
What personality of the five-factor model of personality is correlated with Guilty-Dysphoric Daydreaming ?
What personality's of the five-factor model of personality is correlated with Poor Attentional Control ?
Neuroticism & Conscientiousness
What is the term that implies the presence of a creative aspect of mind that can give rise to mental imagery ?
What is the term that a process of actively directing images in a symbolically meaningful sequence ?
Who states that one way of accessing the superconscious was thought to be through the use of guided imagery ?
What is the term that defines that sometimes our thoughts can have effects on our immune systems as found in a field of investigation ?
Explain the test on Cyclophosphamide ?
- While rats were drinking water they were injected with Cyclophosphamide that would make them sick
- Over time they as they were drinking water they were injected with salt water and still got sick
- Evidence that thinking that we are getting sick does get us sick
Who was the author of the study that examined the effects of guided imagery on the immune system with interest in white blood cells (neutrophils) and their properities of adherence that was capable of being increased ?
Who was the researcher that injected mice with breast cancer for a remote healing experiment ?
What was Bankston's method of remote healing ?
Place hands on cage for 1 hour and mental processing of imagine a list of things that you want and go through it so quickly that you can do it 100 -200 times in seconds
What was Bankston's cure rate ?
Who was the experimenter that conducted early research on sensory restriction using a water floatation device ?
Was stimulus reduction, whether alone or combined with other techniques, a highly effective treatment in habit modification ?
What are the two versions of REST ?
- Restricted environmental stimulation technique
- Restricted environmental stimulation therapy
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