Card Set Information
Near to or at the front of the body
Nearer to or at the back of the body
Upper part of the body
Lower part of the body
What is the level of organization from most complex to least complex?
Organism, organ system, organ, tissue, cellular, chemical.
Comes from the mesenchyme cells
undergoes cell division
differntiates into osteoblasts
Produces bone matrix
formed by an osteogenic cell
differentiates into osteocytes
mature bone cell
maintains the daily activities of bone tissues
differentiates into osteoclasts
destroys bone matrix
comes from monocytes(white blood cells)
immovable joint held together by connective tissue
Examples of fibrous joints
sutures( in the skull)
gomphosis(joint between root of tooth)
Connected entirely by cartilage
Examples of Cartilaginious joints
synchondrosis(connected with hyaline cartilage)
planar, hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle, and ball and socket.
an immovable joint
Slightly moveable joint
Freely moveable joint
(done growing) the remnant of the epiphyseal plate in the metaphysis of a long bone
(also known as the growth plate) the hyaline cartilage plate in the metaphysis of a long bone; site of lengthwise growth of long bones.
Hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
The shaft of a long bone
The end of a long bone, usually larger in diameter than the shaft
Region of a long bone between the diaphysis and epiphyses that contains the epiphyseal plate in a growing bone
Covering of a bone that consists of connective tissue, osteogenic cells, and osteoblasts. Its essential for bone growth repair and nutrition.
Space within the diaphysis of a bone that contains yellow bone marrow.
membrane that lines the marrow cavity of bones consisting of osteogenic cells and scattered osteoclasts.
What are the zones of bone growth in the Epiphyseal plate?
1. zone of resting cartilage
2. zone of proliferating cartilage
3. zone of hypertrophic cartilage
4. zone of calcified cartilage
growth at the outer surface
growth by cell division.
What are the factors of bone growth?
developement of cartilage model
growth of cartilage model
developement of primary ossification center
developement of marrow cavity
developement of secondary ossification center
formation of articular cartilage and the epiphyseal plate.
inflammation of the synovial membrane (hip joint in young children)
Orthopedic surgical procedure to remove inflammed bursa
Bacterial infection that is spread through the bite of tics
Rotator cuff injury
in the shoulder area
Occurs when there is an abnormal seperation in the joint
Swelling and irritation of a bursa.
Injury to ligaments around a joint
(split spine) incomplete developement of the spinal cord
Increased curving of the spine
Curving of spine that causes a bowing or rounding in the back
Abnormal curving of the spine
Ruptured, slipped, or collapsed disc in the spine.
to the side
process of cutting
act of cutting
act of listening
seeing with ones own eyes
forms flat bones. (skull and mandible) mostly spongy bone.
1.develope center of ossification
3. formation of trabeculae
4. development of periosteum
forms cartilage bone(long, short, and irregular)
1. develop cartilage model
2. growth of cartilage model
3. development of primary ossification center
4. development of secondary ossification center.
5. formation of articular cartilage and growth plate.
epidermal cell that produces keratin
mature melanin forming cell
cell originates in bone marrow. helps in the immune system
functions as an antigen cell. not resistant to UV light.
acts as a "break" on skin activated immune. more resistant to UV light.
least numerous of the epidermal cells located in the deepest layer of the epidermis.
(inside secreation) horomones enter interstitial fluid and then diffuse directly into the bloodstream.
(outside secretion) secrete their products into ducts that empty onto the surface of a covering and lining epithelium
secrete straight to the surface.
occurrence of inflammed sebaceous glands
inflammations of the skin
area of skin that breaks down when something keeps rubbing
a condition in which pigment is lost from areas of the skin causing whitish patches
small brownish spots that becomes more pronounced due to the sun
small often slightly raised blemish on the skin caused my a high concentration of melanin
bluish discoloration a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished
yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes arising from excess pigment bilirubin caused by obstruction of bile duct, liver disease, or excessive breakdown of red blood cells
reddening of the skin, usually in patches
5 layers of the epidermis from deepest to outer most layer.
1. stratum basale
2. stratum spinosum
3. stratum granulosum
4. stratum lucidum
5. stratum corneum
What happens when your skin ages?
what is the chemical composition of sweat?
mainly water, some salts and minerals. (sodium, potassium, and calcium)
What is lymph
a colorless fluid containing white blood cells
first line of defense
epidermis, hairs, mucous, cilia, saliva, urine, vomitting.
second line of defense
interferons, complement system, fever.
chemical factors in line of defenses
sebum, lysozymes, gastric juice, and vaginal secretions.
What cells are involved with the lymphatic system?
B cells, and T cells.
dendritic cells and macrophages
cells that destroy things
immune system fails to display self tolerance. (attacks your own cells)
causes signifigant hemorrage and shock
an excessive accumulation of pus in a confined space
open sore caused by inflammed tissue being sloughed off
when the immune system recognizes the skin graft as foreign
progressive destruction of the immune system.
(clear water tumor) cancer of the lymphatic organs
painless non-tender enlargement of 1 or more lymph
same as hodgkin but includes spleen,anemia,and malaise
long and round
2 heads of orgin
3 heads of orgin
turns palms posterior
turn palm upward
in the middle
back of knee
farther from midline
closer to midline
what are the 7 ways muscles are named?
action, shape, orgin and insertion, number of orgins, location, direction of fibers and size
aging of muscles
between ages 30-50
: 10% muscle tissue loss
between ages 50-80
: 40% loss
class 1 lever
class 2 lever
class 3 lever