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  1. Carbohydrates
    Organic compound consisting of carbon hydrogen and oxygen in a1, 212 ratio
  2. Sugar
    Sweet tasting carbohydrate
  3. Monosaccharides
    Single sugar such as glucose or fructose
  4. Disaccharides
    Sugar produced by the union of two monosaccharaides
  5. Polysaccharides
    Carbohydrate composed of joined monosaccharaides
  6. Lipids
    Group of organic compounds that includes fat, oils phospholipids and steroid
  7. Fatty acids
    Building blocks of a fat molecule
  8. Glycerol
    Organic compound
  9. That is a building block for fat molecules
    Saturated fatty acid
  10. Molecule
    That contains only fatty acid molecules with as many hydrogen atoms as possible and therefore no double bonded carbon atoms
  11. Unsaturated fatty
    Acid fat molecule that includes one or more unsaturated fatty acids
  12. Steroids
    Type or organic molecule including complex rings of carbon and hydrogen atoms
  13. Phospholipids
    Molecule consisting of two fatty acids and a phosphate group bond to a glycerol molecule
  14. Triglycerides:
    Lipid composed of three fatty acids and a glycerol molecule
  15. Hydrophilic
    Having affinity for water: dissolving in, absorbing, or mixing easily with water
  16. Hydrophobinot
    Compatible with water: not dissolving in, absorbing, or mixing easily with water
  17. Proteins
    Mitogen containing organic compound composed of bonded amino acid molecules
  18. Enzymes
    Are proteins that participate in cellular metabolic processes with the ability to enhance the rate of reaction between biomolecules?
  19. Amino acids
    Organic compound that includes an amino group and a carboxyl group the structural unit of protein molecule
  20. Conformation
    • Three dimensional structure of a protein
    • Primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall bimolecular structure.
  21. Secondary structure
    The protein structure characterized by folding of the peptide chain into an alpha helix, beta sheet, or random coil. See also primary structure
  22. Tertiary structure
    The three-dimensional structure of a protein or nucleic acid. Amino acids form secondary structures such as alpha helices, beta sheets, and random
  23. Quaternary structure
    The structure that is formed by the joining together of two or more proteins or nucleic acids.
  24. Denature
    To change the nature or natural qualities of. To change (a protein) by chemical or physical means
  25. Amino group ,
    In chemistry, functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom attached by single bonds to hydrogen atoms, alkyl groups, aryl groups,
  26. Carbonyl group
    A group of atoms that consists of a carbon atom covalently attached to an oxygen atom by a double bond: C = O. The carbon atom, to satisfy its
  27. Central carbon atom
    Of an amino acid is bonded to a hydrogen atom, an amine group, a carboxylic
  28. R group
    Is the chemical group attached to the alpha carbon in an amino acid? In proteins all amino acids have the same basic structure and vary only in their R group
Card Set:
2014-01-23 20:03:10
‘profmwinston101 10 11
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