Human Biology chapter 3

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minders
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258088
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Human Biology chapter 3
Updated:
2014-01-23 15:04:58
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evolution
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evolution
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  1. What/theory/is/the
    central/theme/of/biology
    and/is/based/on
    evidence/from/a/wide
    range/of/scientific
    disciplines?
    evolution
  2. What/is/a/change/in
    gene/frequencies/within
    populations/from
    generation/to
    generation?
    evolution
  3. What/is/E.O./Wilson’s
    definition/of/biological
    evolution?
    a/change/in/gene/frequencies/within/populations from/generation/to/generation
  4. What/is/the/central
    theme/of/biology/and/is
    accepted/by/the
    scienti;ic/community
    today/and/has/a/wide
    variety/of/important
    applications?
    evolution
  5. What/is/the/application
    of/modern/evolutionary
    theory/to/understanding
    health/and/diseases?
    This/application/allows
    us/to/understand
    evolutionary
    relationships/of
    pathogens/and/thus
    evolutionary/(Darwinian)/medicine
  6. What/is/not/an
    alternative/to/modern
    medical/practice,/but/is
    an/additional
    perspective/and/can
    help/us/to/understand
    the/evolutionary/origins
    of/disease/and/thus/be
    useful/in/achieving/the
    evolutionary medicine
  7. In/evolutionary/medicine
    what/describes/the
    evolutionary/relationships/of
    pathogens/or/parasites/and/is
    also/about/why/DNA
    specifies/a/trait/and/why/we
    have/DNA/that/encodes/for
    one/kind/of/structure/and/not
    some/other?
    an/evolutionary/explanation
  8. In/evolutionary
    medicine/what
    describes/a/trait/G/its
    anatomy,/physiology,
    and/biochemistry,/as
    well/as/its/development
    from/genetic
    instructions/G/and
    describes/the/anatomy,
    a/proximate/explanation
  9. With/exposure/to
    antibiotics/bacteria/can
    quickly/develop/what?
    antibiotic resistance
  10. What/are/organisms
    that/transmit/pathogens
    and/parasites/and
    include/mosquitoes/and
    fleas?
    vectors
  11. What/are/two/ways/that
    vectors/of/disease/can
    adapt/to/pesticides?
    behaviorally/and/physiologically
  12. What/is/the/formation/of
    new/species?
    speciation
  13. What/is/the/scienti>ic
    specialty/that/studies
    the/development/of
    organisms/from/the
    moment/of/conception
    to/birth/and/relates/it/to
    evolution?
    comparative embryology
  14. What/is/the/specialty/in
    science/that/deals/with
    the/genetics/and
    biochemistry/and
    provides/a/great/deal/of
    evidence/for/evolution?
    molecular biology
  15. What/pathogen/causes
    acquired
    immunodeficiency
    syndrome/(AIDS)?
    human/immunodeficiency/virus/(HIV)
  16. Why is it so difficult to
    treat acquired
    immunodeficiency
    syndrome (AIDS)?
    HIV resists treatment because of its rapid evolution
  17. List some of the types of
    evidence for evolution.
    increasing complexity in fossils from older to younger, transition fossils, biogeography, molecular biology,comparative embryology, comparative anatomy
  18. What are layers structures formed by bacteria in shallow water? These provide some of the most ancient records of life on Earth by fossil remains that date back over three billion years.
    stromatolites
  19. what type of variation was important to Darwin's theory?
    heritable variation
  20. What year did Darwin publish is seminal work on evolution?
    1859
  21. What are organisms that show the characteristics of two distinct taxonomic groups?
    transitional fossils
  22. Darwin's theory included the concept of competition. What is the cause of this competition?
    the ability of organisms to reproduce more offspring that there are resources to support them
  23. How does HIV resist treatment?
    it rapidly evolves within a single patient
  24. Feathered dinosaurs, archeoptrex, horses and their ancestors, and several species in the genus Homo, are all examples of what type of fossils that show the characteristics of the tow distinct taxonomic
    transition fossils
  25. The emergence of new species, changes in gene frequencies with a species, changes in the beaks of finches as the availability of various seeds change, and domestic selection are all examples of what?
    direct observational evidence for evolution
  26. HIV has what type of genetic material?
    ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  27. What are the main title of Darwin's book on evolution?
    On the Origin of Species
  28. What is the study of distribution of species and ecosystems through space and time? The science is one of the fields providing evidence for evolution.
    Biogeography
  29. What is a simple but useful definition of natural selection?
    differential reproductive success
  30. What is the scientific specialty that compares the biological structure of organisms and relates that structure to evolution?
    comparative anatomy

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