Human Biology Chapter 5

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minders
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258090
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Human Biology Chapter 5
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2014-01-23 15:20:42
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human evolution
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human evolution
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  1. What)is)the)science)of
    classi6ication?))This
    science)re6lects
    evolutionary
    relationships)and)is
    based)on)evidence)such
    as)comparative
    anatomy,)comparative
    embryology,)and
    taxonomy
  2. What)specialty)within
    biology)is)important
    because)1))it)re6lects
    evolutionary
    relationships)and)thus
    allows)us)to)understand
    how)we)might)put)the
    vast)array)of
    biodiversity)to)use,)2)
    taxanomy
  3. What)is)the)named
    taxonomic)unit)(e.g.
    Homo sapiens,
    Hominidae,)or
    Mammalia))to)which
    individuals,)or)sets)of
    species,)are)assigned?
    a taxon
  4. In)taxonomy,)what)is
    one)of)the)ranks)of
    classi6ication)(e.g.
    genus,)family)?
    a category
  5. What)is)the)domain)our
    species)is)classified
    within?
    Eukarya
  6. What)taxon)has)the
    following
    characteristics:))Cells
    with)membrane bound
    nucleus)and
    membranous
    organelles?
    eukarya
  7. What)is)the)kingdom
    our)species)is)classified
    within?
    Animalia
  8. What)taxon)has)the
    following
    characteristics:
    Multicellular,)no)cell
    wall)or)chlorophyll,
    nutrition)principally
    ingestive,)digestion)in
    an)internal)cavity?
    animalia
  9. What)is)the)phylum)our
    species)is)classified
    within?
    Chordata
  10. What)taxon)has)the
    following
    characteristics:
    Notochord,)dorsal
    tubular)nerve)cord,
    pharyngeal)pouches)and
    gill)slits,)postanal)tail?
    Chordata
  11. What)is)the)class)our
    species)is)classified
    within?
    mammalia
  12. What)taxon)has)the
    following
    characteristics:
    Mammary)glands,)hair,
    three)ear)ossicles
    heterodont)dentition,
    squamosalDdentary)jaw
    articulation,)an)attached
    placenta,)well
    mammalia
  13. What order is our species classified within?
    Primates
  14. What)taxon)has)the
    following
    characteristics:))Highly
    developed)cerebral
    hemispheres,)orbits
    surrounded)by)bone)and
    directed)forward,)limbs
    with)ball)and)socket)type
    articulation)allowing)for
    great)mobility,)basically
    primates
  15. What)family)is)our
    species)classified
    within?
    Hominidae
  16. What*taxon*has*the
    following
    characteristics:**Large,
    upright*posture,*tail
    absent,*hind*limbs*longer
    than*arms,*thumb
    opposable,*but*not*big
    toe?
    Hominidae
  17. What*genus*is*our
    species*classified
    within?
    Homo
  18. What*taxon*has*the
    following
    characteristics:
    Minimum*brain*capacity
    is*the*adult*is*600-700
    cc,*flattened*face,
    prominent*chin*and
    nose*with*inferiorly
    positioned*nostrils?
    Homo
  19. What*is*the*scientific
    name*of*our*species?
    Homo Sapiens
  20. What*taxon*has*the
    following
    characteristics:
    Minimum*brain*capacity
    in*the*adult*of*1200*cc,
    hind*limbs*long*relative
    to*forelimbs,*small*face,
    short*cranium,*reduced
    body*hair*covering?
    Homo sapiens
  21. What*transitional*form
    was*forest8dwelling,
    bipedal*with*an
    opposable*great*toe,
    shared*traits*with
    chimps*and*gorillas,*and
    lived*about*5.5*million
    years*ago?*This*form
    indicates*that*the*last
    Ardipithecus
  22. What*is*the*oldest
    human*ancestor
    thought*to*have*walked
    on*two*legs?
    Orroin Tugenensis
  23. What*transitional*form
    has*a*brain*no*larger
    than*a*chimpanzee's*8
    with*a*volume*around
    400*8*500*cm3*8,*but
    walk*upright*on*two
    legs?*It*was*the*first
    human*ancestor*to*live
    on*the*savannah.
    Australopithecus
  24. The*fossil*commonly
    known*as*Lucy
    demonstrated*that
    bipedalism*preceded
    the*enlargement*of*the
    brain.**Lucy*was*of*what
    species?
    Australopithecus Afarensis
  25. This*transitional*form
    appeared*about*2.5
    million*years*ago.**Its
    face*protruded*less*than
    earlier*hominids,*but
    still*retained*many*ape
    features.*It*had*a*brain
    volume*of*around*600
    cm3.**At*the*time*of*its
    a Homo Habilis
  26. This*transitional*form
    was*7irst*found*in*Asia.
    It*7irst*arose*1.8?1.5
    million*years*ago*and
    was*the*7irst*true
    hunter?gatherer
    ancestor,*and*was*also
    the*7irst*to*use*7ire*and
    the*7irst*to*migrate*out
    homo Erectus
  27. What*species*of
    hominid*appeared
    195,000*years*ago*and
    shortly*there*after
    began*to*migrate*out*of
    Africa*into*Europe*and
    Asia?**Its*average*brain
    volume*was*and*is*1350
    cm3.
    homo sapiens
  28. When did our species first appear?
    195,000 years ago
  29. What*is*so*special*about
    tears,*a*precision*grip
    and*a*power*grip*in*the
    hand,*urvatures*of*the
    spine,*the*foramen
    magnum*directed
    inferiorly,*a*specialized
    pelvis,*and*a*foot
    without*an*opposable
    These*features*make*up*distinctly*human.
  30. What*is*an*idea,
    behavior,*or*style*that
    spreads*from*person*to
    person*within*a*culture?
    a meme
  31. Culural*evolution*can
    procede*extremely
    rapidly*because*of*what
    factors*that*are*ideas,
    behaviors,*or*styles*that
    spread*from*person*to
    person*within*a*culture?
    memes
  32. Over*time*ideas,*styles,
    and*behaviors*passed
    from*one*person*to
    another*change*and
    result*in*what*type*of
    evolution*that*is*not
    based*on*genetic
    changes*within*a
    population?
    cultural evolution

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