Psych 250 Chapter Two
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Psych 250 Chapter Two
Questions from Psych 250 Chapter Two for Exam One
What is the term for a systematic set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts behavior?
What theory states that behavior is motivated by unconscious drives and that dreams reflect the unconscious mind?
What is the term for the unconscious and is present at birth? (what you want)
What is the term for the conscious, rational part of mind that emerges in early infancy? (what you actually do)
What is the term for the social-moral component (the conscious) that develops from parent-child interactions? (what you should do)
Who created a theory of psychosocial development?
What are Freud's five psychosexual stages?
What is the term for learning by association in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus?
What is the term for when behaviors are learned through reinforcements and punishments?
What is the term for any consequence that makes behavior MORE likely to occur?
What is the term for any consequence that makes behavior LESS likely to occur?
What is the term for a state of mental balance?
What is the term for incorporating new information into existing schemas?
What is the for changing existing schema to accommodate new information?
What is the term for the fact that children learn culturally meaningful skills from more knowledgeable members of society?
What is the term for the range of skills that the learner can perform with assistance but not independently?
zone of proximal development
What is the term for a person's immediate environment (family, schools, peers, and church)?
What is the term for interactions among microsystems?
What is the term for the larger community setting?
What is the term for cultural values, laws, customs, and resources?
What is the term for changes over life course and history?
What kind of theory focuses on the role of early childhood experiences?
What kind of theory highlights the immediate environment on behavior?
What kind of theory emphasizes how our thinking affects our actions?
What kind of theory reminds us that development is embedded in a rich culture?
What kind of theory stresses that our differences matter less than what we share as human beings?
What kind of theory focuses on the dynamic interplay between the person and the environment over time?