Psych 250 Chapter Two

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Author:
hchristensen
ID:
258210
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Psych 250 Chapter Two
Updated:
2014-01-24 15:19:44
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Psych 250
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Psych 250
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Questions from Psych 250 Chapter Two for Exam One
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  1. What is the term for a systematic set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts behavior?
    theory
  2. What theory states that behavior is motivated by unconscious drives and that dreams reflect the unconscious mind?
    psychoanalytic theory
  3. What is the term for the unconscious and is present at birth? (what you want)
    id
  4. What is the term for the conscious, rational part of mind that emerges in early infancy? (what you actually do)
    ego
  5. What is the term for the social-moral component (the conscious) that develops from parent-child interactions? (what you should do)
    superego
  6. Who created a theory of psychosocial development?
    Erik Erikson
  7. What are Freud's five psychosexual stages?
    • oral
    • anal
    • phallic
    • latency
    • genital
  8. What is the term for learning by association in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus?
    classical conditioning
  9. What is the term for when behaviors are learned through reinforcements and punishments?
    operant conditioning
  10. What is the term for any consequence that makes behavior MORE likely to occur?
    reinforcement
  11. What is the term for any consequence that makes behavior LESS likely to occur?
    punishment
  12. What is the term for a state of mental balance?
    cognitive equilibrium
  13. What is the term for incorporating new information into existing schemas?
    assimilation
  14. What is the for changing existing schema to accommodate new information?
    accommodation
  15. What is the term for the fact that children learn culturally meaningful skills from more knowledgeable members of society?
    guided participation
  16. What is the term for the range of skills that the learner can perform with assistance but not independently?
    zone of proximal development
  17. What is the term for a person's immediate environment (family, schools, peers, and church)?
    microsystem
  18. What is the term for interactions among microsystems?
    mesosystem
  19. What is the term for the larger community setting?
    exosystem
  20. What is the term for cultural values, laws, customs, and resources?
    macrosystem
  21. What is the term for changes over life course and history?
    chronosystem
  22. What kind of theory focuses on the role of early childhood experiences?
    psychodynamic theory
  23. What kind of theory highlights the immediate environment on behavior?
    behaviorism
  24. What kind of theory emphasizes how our thinking affects our actions?
    cognitive theory
  25. What kind of theory reminds us that development is embedded in a rich culture?
    sociocultural theory
  26. What kind of theory stresses that our differences matter less than what we share as human beings?
    universal theory
  27. What kind of theory focuses on the dynamic interplay between the person and the environment over time?
    ecological systems

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