Vocabulary Set 1

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jawsh3539
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258260
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Vocabulary Set 1
Updated:
2014-02-01 15:54:57
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Vocabulary
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This set of cards is from the book "1100 Words You Need to Know."
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  1. laconic
    /ləˈkänik/
    • Using very few words.(of a person, speech, or style of writing)"his laconic reply suggested a lack of interest in the topic"
    • adjective
  2. intrepid
    /inˈtrepid/
    • fearless; adventurous 
    • "our intrepid reporter"
    • adjective
  3. reticent
    /retəsənt/
    • not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily.
    • "she was extremely reticent about her personal affairs"
    • adjective
  4. caustic
    /kôstik/
    1.able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action."a caustic cleaner"

    • 2.sarcastic in a scathing and bitter way."the players were making caustic comments about the refereeing"
    • Adjective
  5. wrest
    /rest/

    • 1.forcibly pull (something) from a person's grasp."Leila tried to wrest her arm from his hold" (verb)
    • 2.a key for tuning a harp or piano.(noun)
  6. incipient
    /inˈsipēənt/
    • in an initial stage; beginning to happen or develop."he could feel incipient anger building up"
    • adjective
  7. tremulous
    /ˈtremyələs/
    • shaking or quivering slightly.
    • "Barbara's voice was tremulous"
    • Adjective
  8. bristle
    /ˈbrisəl/
    1. react angrily or defensively, typically by drawing oneself up. (verb)

    2. (of hair or fur) stand upright away from the skin, esp. in anger or fear. (verb)
  9. euphemism
    /ˈyo͞ofəˌmizəm/
    • a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing."“downsizing” as a euphemism for cuts"
    • noun
  10. incongruous
    /inˈkäNGgro͞oəs/
    • not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something.
    • "the duffel coat looked incongruous with the black dress she wore underneath"
    • Adjective
  11. repudiate
    /riˈpyo͞odēˌāt/
    refuse to accept or be associated with.

    • "she has repudiated policies associated with previous party leaders"
    • verb
  12. alacrity
    /əˈlakritē/
    brisk and cheerful readiness.

    • "she accepted the invitation with alacrity"
    • noun
  13. promulgate
    /präməlˌgāt/

    promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).

    • "these objectives have to be promulgated within the organization"
    • verb
  14. castigate
    /kastəˌgāt/
    reprimand (someone) severely.

    "he was castigated for not setting a good example"

    verb
  15. inane
    /iˈnān/
    silly; stupid.

    • "don't constantly badger people with inane questions"
    • adjective
  16. scurrilous
    /ˈskərələs/
    making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.

    "a scurrilous attack on his integrity"


    adjective
  17. clandestine
    /klanˈdestən,-ˌtīn/
    kept secret or done secretively, esp. because illicit.

    "she deserved better than these clandestine meetings"

    adjective
  18. admonish
    /ədˈmäniSH/
    • warn or reprimand someone firmly.
    • "she admonished me for appearing at breakfast unshaven"
    • Verb
  19. duress
    /d(y)o͝oˈres/
    • threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgment.
    • "confessions extracted under duress"
    • noun
  20. inexorable
    /inˈeksərəbəl/
    impossible to stop or prevent.

    • "the seemingly inexorable march of new technology"
    • adjective
  21. egregious
    /iˈgrējəs/
    outstandingly bad; shocking.

    "egregious abuses of copyright"

    adjective
  22. duplicity
    /d(y)o͞oˈplisitē/
    deceitfulness; double-dealing.

    noun
  23. acrimonious
    /ˌakrəˈmōnēəs/
    (typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter.

    "an acrimonious dispute about wages"

    adjective
  24. paucity
    /ˈpôsitē/
    the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity.

    "a paucity of information"

    noun
  25. pernicious
    /pərˈniSHəs/
    having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way.

    "the pernicious influences of the mass media"

    adjective
  26. construe
    /kənˈstro͞o/
    interpret (a word or action) in a particular way.

    "his words could hardly be construed as an apology"

    verb
  27. sally
    /ˈsalē/
    1. a sudden charge out of a besieged place against the enemy; a sortie. (noun)

    • 2. make a military sortie.(verb)
    • "they sallied out to harass the enemy"
  28. consternation
    /ˌkänstərˈnāSHən/
    feelings of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected.

    "I always welcomed clover, much to the consternation of the neighbors"

    noun
  29. precocious
    /priˈkōSHəs/
    • 1.(of a child) having developed certain abilities or proclivities at an earlier age than usual.
    • "he was a precocious, solitary boy"

    • 2. (of behavior or ability) indicative of early development.
    • "a precocious talent for computing"

    3.(of a plant) flowering or fruiting earlier than usual.
  30. perfunctory
    /pərˈfəNGktərē/
    (of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection. Done without care, superficial

    "he gave a perfunctory nod"

    adjective
  31. chargin
    /SHəˈgrin/
    1. distress or embarrassment at having failed or been humiliated.(noun)

    "Jeff, much to his chagrin, wasn't invited"

    2. feel distressed or humiliated.

    "he was chagrined when his friend poured scorn on him" (verb)
  32. perverse
    /pərˈvərs/
    (of a person or their actions) showing a deliberate and obstinate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable, often in spite of the consequences.

    "Kate's perverse decision not to cooperate"

    adjective
  33. deride
    /diˈrīd/
    express contempt for; ridicule.

    "critics derided the proposals as clumsy attempts to find a solution"

    verb
  34. disparage
    /diˈsparij/
    regard or represent as being of little worth.

    "he never missed an opportunity to disparage his competitors"

    verb
  35. laudable
    /ˈlôdəbəl/
    (of an action, idea, or goal) deserving praise and commendation.

    "laudable though the aim might be, the results have been criticized"

    adjective
  36. eschew
    /esˈCHo͞o/
    deliberately avoid using; abstain from.

    "he appealed to the crowd to eschew violence"

    verb
  37. quell
    /kwel/
    put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force.

    "extra police were called to quell the disturbance"

    verb
  38. voluble
    /ˈvälyəbəl/
    speaking or spoken incessantly and fluently.

    "she was as voluble as her husband was silent"

    adjective
  39. dubious
    /ˈd(y)oobēəs/
    1. hesitating or doubting.

    "Alex looked dubious, but complied"

    2. not to be relied upon; suspect.

    "extremely dubious assumptions"

    adjective
  40. implacable
    /imˈplakəbəl/
    unable to be placated.

    "he was an implacable enemy of Ted's"

    adjective
  41. monolithic
    /ˌmänəˈliTHik/
    1. formed of a single large block of stone.

    2. (of an organization or system) large, powerful, and intractably indivisible and uniform.

    "rejecting any move toward a monolithic European superstate"

    adjective
  42. indignant
    /inˈdignənt/
    feeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment.

    "he was indignant at being the object of suspicion"

    adjective
  43. arbitrary
    /ˈärbiˌtrerē/
    based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

    "his mealtimes were entirely arbitrary"

    adjective
  44. stymie
    /ˈstīmē/
    prevent or hinder the progress of.

    "the changes must not be allowed to stymie new medical treatments"

    verb
  45. effigy
    /ˈefijē/
    a sculpture or model of a person.

    "coins bearing the effigy of Maria Theresa of Austria"

    noun
  46. flout
    /flout/
    openly disregard (a rule, law or convention).

    "these same companies still flout basic ethical practices"

    verb
  47. cognizant
    /ˈkägnəzənt/
    having knowledge or being aware of.

    "statesmen must be cognizant of the political boundaries within which they work"

    adjective
  48. forthwith
    /fôrTHˈwiTH/
    (esp. in official use) immediately; without delay.

    "we undertake to pay forthwith the money required"

    adverb
  49. exacerbate
    /igˈzasərˌbāt/
    make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

    "the forest fire was exacerbated by the lack of rain"

    verb
  50. besiege
    /biˈsēj/
    surround (a place) with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender; lay siege to.

    "the guerrillas continued to besiege other major cities to the north"

    verb
  51. privation
    /prīˈvāSHən/
    a state in which things that are essential for human well-being such as food and warmth are scarce or lacking.

    "years of rationing and privation"

    noun
  52. ubiquitous
    /yo͞oˈbikwətəs/
    present, appearing, or found everywhere.

    "his ubiquitous influence was felt by all the family"

    adjective

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