English Vocabulary

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Xiya89
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258281
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English Vocabulary
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2014-01-27 15:25:42
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  1. libel
    the illegal act of writing things about someone that are not true
  2. man flu or man-flu
    a common cold which is exaggerated to be a much more serious condition by the male sufferer
  3. belligerent
    1. very unfriendly and angry

    2. FORMAL at war with someone

    • N: belligerence
    • ADV: belligerently
  4. marginal
    • 1. very small
    • 2. not considered important or relevant
    • 3. BRITISH won by very few votes
    • 4. written in the margin of a page
  5. amendment
    • 1. a change made to a law or agreement
    • amendment to: an amendment to the Local Government Bill
    • propose/table/introduce an amendment: The Liberal Democrats have tabled an amendment to the bill.
    • 2. a change made in a document or plan
  6. entity
    • a separate unit that is complete and has its own character
    • The two countries fought for the right to become separate entities.
  7. subsidiary
    a company that is owned by a larger Company 

    a subsidiary of General Motors
  8. incidence
    the number of cases of an illness or a medical condition in a particular place, group, or situationa

    • high/low incidence of: Researchers found a high incidence of prostate cancer in this area.
    • reduce/increase the incidence of: The drug has been shown to reduce the incidence of thrombosis after surgery.

    • a.the number of times something happens, especially something bad
    • incidence of: the increasing incidence of computer-related crime
  9. aggregate
    total

    • a. used for describing the total amount of something in a country's economy
    • aggregate demand/supply: an increase in aggregate demand for the fourth quarter
  10. paradigm
    • 1. formal a typical example or model of something
    • paradigm of: The West used to be the paradigm of economic success.

    • 2. FORMAL a set of ideas that are used for understanding or explaining something, especially in a particular subject
    • a cultural/scientific paradigm
  11. differentiation
    • 1. [intransitive/transitive] to see or show a difference between things
    • Present your main arguments in clearly differentiated paragraphs.
    • differentiate between: Neil is colour-blind and cannot differentiate between red and green.

    • 2[transitive] to be the quality or fact that makes one thing different from another
    • differentiate something from something:
    • The ability to speak differentiates humans from other animals.
  12. denote
    • 1. to be a feature that shows you what something is
    • Bad stitching denotes a poor quality carpet.

    • 2. to mean something
    • In the table, T denotes time and W weight.
  13. concurrent
    happening or done at the same time
  14. preliminary
    • coming before the main or most important part of something
    • a preliminary hearing/ discussion/ analysis/ proposal/ agreement
  15. conversely
    • used for introducing a sentence, or part of a sentence, which says something that is the opposite of the other part
    • When the press was biased towards the political right, television coverage tended to lean to the left. Conversely, if the press swung heavily to the left, television would have to redress the balance by leaning to the right.
    • Some wrong answers were marked right and, conversely, some right answers had been rejected.
  16. whereby
    • used for saying that something is done according to the method, arrangement, rule etc that has been referred to
    • There is a standard method whereby officers are selected for promotion.a regulation whereby an employer is held responsible for any accident.
  17. levy (N)
    an amount of money that you have to pay, for example as a tax
  18. abeyance
    suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension
  19. abide
    endure; put up with; bear; tolerate
  20. abolish
    cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
  21. abolition
    ending; act of abolishing; act of doing away with
  22. abortion
    termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
  23. abortive
    unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitless
  24. abridge
    condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
  25. abrogate
    abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
  26. absorption
    process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentration
  27. abstract
    theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
  28. absurd
    preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
  29. absurdity
    quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradiction
  30. abundance
    great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
  31. abundant
    plentiful; possessing riches or resources
  32. accede
    agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concede
  33. accessible
    easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with
  34. accommodate
    do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
  35. accompaniment
    act of accompanying someone or something
  36. accord
    settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states
  37. account
    narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
  38. accrue
    increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth; accumulate over time
  39. accumulation
    increase by natural growth or addition; concentration
  40. acid
    sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
  41. acquaint
    inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar
  42. acquaintance
    personal knowledge or information about someone or something
  43. acute
    quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe
  44. additive
    addition; supplement
  45. address
    make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
  46. adhere
    stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
  47. adjacent
    adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
  48. administer
    govern; supervise; give or apply medications
  49. admit
    permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to
  50. adorn
    enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments
  51. adversary
    opponent in contest; someone who offers opposition
  52. adverse
    in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
  53. adversity
    state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune
  54. advisable
    proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent; ready to receive advice
  55. affiliate
    associate; incorporate
  56. affirm
    assert; confirm
  57. affirmation
    positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
  58. agency
    a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
  59. agitate
    cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb
  60. agitation
    anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
  61. ajar
    half-open; slightly turned or opened
  62. alignment
    arrangement; association; alliance
  63. allocate
    assign; distribute according to plan
  64. allot
    parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
  65. allowance
    approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting
  66. alloy
    combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
  67. amends
    compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
  68. amicable
    exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome
  69. anchor
    secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate
  70. angular
    sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner
  71. annex
    append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit
  72. antagonism
    active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
  73. antagonist
    one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent
  74. anxiety
    concern something in state of painful uneasiness; state of restlessness and agitation
  75. anxious
    eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matter
  76. anyhow
    in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event
  77. ape
    imitate; mimic, as an ape imitates human actions
  78. appliance
    durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use
  79. applicable
    capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevance
  80. applicant
    candidate
  81. application
    close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance
  82. arbitrary
    randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
  83. arbitrator
    someone chosen to judge and decide disputed issue; one having ability or power to make authoritative decisions
  84. ardent
    displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate
  85. arduous
    demanding great effort or labor; difficult
  86. arouse
    excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep
  87. array
    set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
  88. ascend
    climb; mount
  89. ascribe
    inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
  90. aside
    on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest
  91. assert
    declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
  92. astound
    affect with wonder; surprise; shock
  93. astray
    away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering
  94. attic
    story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house
  95. auditorium
    area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
  96. august
    impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
  97. autonomous
    self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent
  98. auxiliary
    helper, additional or subsidiary
  99. avail
    turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote
  100. avenge
    take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone
  101. avenue
    way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street
  102. badge
    distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person
  103. baffle
    frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
  104. bait
    harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
  105. banner
    flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page
  106. bargain
    agreement between parties concerning the sale of property
  107. barge
    flatboat; long, large boat for transporting freight that is unpowered and towed or pushed by other craft
  108. barn
    an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
  109. barometer
    instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere
  110. barrel
    vessel; large cylindrical container
  111. barren
    desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
  112. barrier
    obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limit
  113. barter
    trade goods or services without the exchange of money
  114. basement
    cellar; storage room
  115. basin
    bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids
  116. batter
    beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violence
  117. battery
    beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; dry cell that produces electric current
  118. bay
    inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; small body of water set off from the main body
  119. bear
    support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support
  120. bearing
    carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; act of producing or giving birth
  121. beneficiary
    person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
  122. benevolent
    generous in providing aid to others; charitable
  123. bestow
    give as gift; present
  124. bewilder
    lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes
  125. bias
    preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way
  126. bitter
    harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious
  127. blacksmith
    one who forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvil
  128. blame
    condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
  129. blank
    of a white or pale color; without color; empty; void
  130. blast
    explode; burst; gale; very strong gust of wind or air
  131. blaze
    brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flame
  132. bleach
    make white or colorless; blanch
  133. blot
    spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing
  134. blunder
    serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
  135. blunt
    having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive
  136. boarding
    wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay
  137. boast
    show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride
  138. bold
    brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
  139. bolt
    dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly
  140. bond
    link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty
  141. boom
    bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish
  142. boost
    raise; advance; push or shove upward
  143. booth
    house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure
  144. bore
    drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill
  145. bourgeois
    middle class; selfishly materialistic; dully conventional
  146. bow
    inclination of head, or bending of body for reverence, respect, civility, or submission; bending or rounded part of ship forward
  147. bowl
    throw or roll a ball; move quickly and smoothly, especially by rolling
  148. brace
    something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod
  149. breach
    breaking of contract or duty
  150. breadth
    measure or Dimension from side to side; width; extent
  151. bridle
    headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins
  152. brim
    brink; edge
  153. brink
    edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge
  154. brisk
    marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner
  155. brittle
    easily broken; having little elasticity
  156. brood
    think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thought
  157. brook
    creek; stream
  158. brute
    not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence
  159. bud
    one that is not yet fully developed; sprout
  160. bulk
    majority; main part; volume; mass
  161. bulky
    of large size for its weight
  162. bulletin
    brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publication
  163. bullion
    gold and silver in the form of bars
  164. burdensome
    not easily borne; wearing; causing uneasiness or fatigue
  165. bygone
    past; gone by

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