A&P I Body Systems

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A&P I Body Systems
2014-01-25 16:53:59
body systems

body systems
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  1. integumentary system
    forms the external body covering and protects deeper tissues from injury
  2. skeletal system
    protects and supports body organs and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement
  3. muscular system
    allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression; maintains posture and produces heat
  4. nervous system
    fast acting control system of the body, it responds to internal and external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glands
  5. endocrine system
    glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use (metabolism) by body cells
  6. cardiovascular system
    blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, wastes, etc.
  7. lymphatic system/ immunity
    picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood; disposes of debris in the lymphatic stream; houses white blood cells involved in immunity
  8. respiratory system
    keeps blood constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide; the gaseous exchanges occur through the walls of the air sacs of the lungs
  9. digestive system
    breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells; indigestible foodstuffs are eliminated as feces
  10. urinary system
    eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body; regulates water, electrolyte and acid-base balance of the blood
  11. male and female reproductive system
    overal function is production of offspring