EMT

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Author:
shebel
ID:
25836
Filename:
EMT
Updated:
2010-07-06 10:53:00
Tags:
chapter12
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Description:
cardiac emergencies
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  1. Localized abnormal dilation of the descending arota that becomes a life threating emergency on rupture
    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
  2. Group of diseases (e.g., myocardial infarction, angina) characterized by ischemia of heart tissue
    Acute Coronary Syndroms
  3. Temporary chest pain caused by lack of blood flow to the heart to meet the oxygen needs; usually caused by exertion or stress and relieved by rest
    Angina Pectoris
  4. Progressive disease of the arteries that result in narrowing of the lumen caused by deposits of fat and hardening of the arterial wall
    Arteriosclerosis
  5. Cardiac standstill, or absence of any cardiac rhythm; "flatline"
    Asystole
  6. Defibrillation that interprets the patient's ECG rhythm and automatically initiates or advises defibrillation as needed
    Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
  7. External application of the electric shock across the heart sufficient energy to convert ventricular fibrillation into an organized rhythm
    Defibrillation
  8. Device capable of delivering an electric shock to reverse an otherwise-lethal cardiac rhythym
    Defibrillator
  9. Adhesive pads that transmit electrical signs from the body through cables to detect the heart's electrical activity and in turn transfer electrical energy from the defibrillator to the body
    Electrode Pads
  10. Condition resulting when destruction of the heart muscle reduces the heart's power of contraction
    Heart Failure
  11. Automated device implanted in a patient's chest that delivers a number of low-energy shocks directly to the myocardium; also called automated ICD (AICD)
    Implanted Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD)
  12. Insufficient blood supply to an area
    Ischemia
  13. Characteristic pain resulting from inadequate blood supply to the myocardium
    Ischemic Chest Pain
  14. Severe and sustained oxygen deprivation of the myocardium resulting in the death of heart cell; commonly known as a "heart attack"
    Myocardial Infarction
  15. Group of cells in the heart that initiates the electrical impulses of the heart. Also, a mechanical device implanted to control certain dysrhythmias or provide a backup shouldthe heart's natural pacemaker fail
    Pacemaker
  16. Strategy of placing AEDs in public places such as airports and encouraging their use by trained laypersons
    Public Access Defibrillation (PAD)
  17. Obstruction of the pulmonary artery, often caused by blood clot from leg veins
    Pulmonary Embolism
  18. Condition in which the heart has an organized electrical rhythym, but there is no palpable pulse
    Pulseless Electrical Activity
  19. Tear in the wall of the aorta that causes the vessel to split (dissect), forming a false passage; proximal and distal types
    Thoracic Aortic Dissection
  20. A clot that developes within a blood vessel
    Thrombus
  21. Chaotic quivering of the heart resulting in cardiac arrest
    Ventricular Fibrillation
  22. Rapid disarhythmia (100-200 beats/min) that may or may not be capable of producing a pulse
    Ventricular Tachycardia

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