Endocrine System

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  1. Name the 6 protein hormones made and released by the anterior pituitary gland
    • Growth (GH)
    • Prolactin
    • Follicle Stimulating (FSH)
    • Luteinizing (LH)
    • Adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH)
    • Thyroid Stimulating (TSH)
  2. Name the 5 steroid hormones
    • Aldosterone
    • Cortisol
    • Testosterone
    • Estrogen
    • Progesterone
  3. Protein hormone receptors are found...
    outside the cell
  4. Steroid hormone receptors are found...
    inside the cell
  5. The anterior pituitary is made of...
    glandular epithelium
  6. The posterior pituitary is made of...
    nervous tissue
  7. What do hormones do?
    influence and control body function
  8. What do the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland affect?
    other glands, growth, and development
  9. Growth hormone (GH) targets and action?
    • Target: all body cells, especially bones and muscle
    • Action: increase growth; cause growth
  10. Once a steroid hormone binds to it's receptor it...
    activates DNA
  11. ACTH targets what to cause cortisol release?
    the adrenal cortex
  12. LH has this action in males.
    testosterone production
  13. Once a protein hormone binds to it's receptor...
    the second messenger is formed
  14. In order to be classified as an endocrine organ, the organ must...
    • secrete hormones
    • have specific target cells
    • release substances into the blood
  15. Hypothalamus hormones are which type of hormone and have what target?
    • protein
    • anterior pituitary
  16. Which hormone is released by the posterior pituitary to cause contractions with labor?
  17. The Parathyroid hormone has what action?
    releases calcium from the bones
  18. Insulin is an antagonistic hormone to what other hormone?
  19. Insulin has what action?
    stores glucose in the liver
  20. What adrenal cortex hormone helps to control sodium ion levels?
  21. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) is released to cause water reabsorption due to what?
    low blood volume
  22. An example of a hormone secreted by the zona fasciculate of the adrenal cortex is...
  23. Female secondary sex characteristics develop primarily in response to what hormone?
  24. Cliff goes to a birthday party and eats 3 large pieces of cake.  What hormone would you expect to find in Cliffs bloodstream to help process the cake?
  25. Carrie goes to the doctor before college wondering why she has not started puberty. What hormones should the doctor be checking her for?
    melatonin and estrogen
Card Set
Endocrine System
bio 139
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