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Name the 6 protein hormones made and released by the anterior pituitary gland
- Growth (GH)
- Follicle Stimulating (FSH)
- Luteinizing (LH)
- Adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH)
- Thyroid Stimulating (TSH)
Name the 5 steroid hormones
Protein hormone receptors are found...
outside the cell
Steroid hormone receptors are found...
inside the cell
The anterior pituitary is made of...
The posterior pituitary is made of...
What do hormones do?
influence and control body function
What do the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland affect?
other glands, growth, and development
Growth hormone (GH) targets and action?
- Target: all body cells, especially bones and muscle
- Action: increase growth; cause growth
Once a steroid hormone binds to it's receptor it...
ACTH targets what to cause cortisol release?
the adrenal cortex
LH has this action in males.
Once a protein hormone binds to it's receptor...
the second messenger is formed
In order to be classified as an endocrine organ, the organ must...
- secrete hormones
- have specific target cells
- release substances into the blood
Hypothalamus hormones are which type of hormone and have what target?
- anterior pituitary
Which hormone is released by the posterior pituitary to cause contractions with labor?
The Parathyroid hormone has what action?
releases calcium from the bones
Insulin is an antagonistic hormone to what other hormone?
Insulin has what action?
stores glucose in the liver
What adrenal cortex hormone helps to control sodium ion levels?
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) is released to cause water reabsorption due to what?
low blood volume
An example of a hormone secreted by the zona fasciculate of the adrenal cortex is...
Female secondary sex characteristics develop primarily in response to what hormone?
Cliff goes to a birthday party and eats 3 large pieces of cake. What hormone would you expect to find in Cliffs bloodstream to help process the cake?
Carrie goes to the doctor before college wondering why she has not started puberty. What hormones should the doctor be checking her for?
melatonin and estrogen