values and ethics

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  1. What does biomedical ethics includes?
    • values
    • belief systems
    • ethical theories
    • morality
  2. What is the definition of biomedical ethics?
    field of philosophy that deals with human behavior.
  3. What are intrinsic values?
    values that are related to sustaining life (ie. food and water)
  4. What are extrinsic values?
    values that are not essential to life, feelings & material items (ie. needing new pair of shoes)
  5. What are personal values?
    qualities that people consider valuable in their private lives (ie. strong family ties)
  6. What are professional values?
    Qualities considered important by a professional group. (ie. autonomy, integrity, commitment)
  7. How are values learned?
    values are learned thru societal norms, behaviors, change with experience and age
  8. What is considered clarification of values?
    awareness of own & other's values
  9. When you are making a free choice, alternatives, consequences of each choice, deciding on your value what type of clarification is this?
  10. What is the definition of belief systems?
    organized way of thinking about why people exist within the universe, explain mysteries such as life & death, good & evil
  11. What are the three ways we clarify are values?
    • choosing
    • prizing
    • acting
  12. When you are satisfied with your choice, declaring it to others you are demonstrating what type of clarification is this?
  13. When your are incorporating your values into your behavior what type of clarification is this?
  14. What is the purpose of organized religion?
    explain what science can't
  15. Define morals?
    code or guide for acceptable behavior
  16. Where does a person get their morals from?
    an individuals conscience
  17. Define Ethics?
    part of philosophy that deals with the rightness and wrongness of human behavior
  18. What are ethical theories?
    • justify moral principles
    • norms or rules for behaviors based on either the intention or the consequences of the action
  19. Name the 7 ethical principles.
    • autonomy
    • nonmaleficence
    • beneficence
    • justice
    • confidentility
    • veracity
    • accountability
  20. what is the definition of autonomy?
    freedom to make decisions for oneself about treatment
  21. Within a informed consent what are the necessary components?
    • purpose
    • benefits
    • risk
  22. What is the definition of nonmaleficience?
    • no harm be done deliberately or unintentionally
    • care that patients don't hurt themselves
    • if the nurse is impaired or incompetent other RNs must report
  23. What is the definition of beneficence?
    • Good be done for the benefit of others
    • meeting their needs physical, social & emotional
  24. What is the definition of justice?
    treating all persons equally regardless of gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, disease or social standing
  25. What is the definition of confidentiality?
    protecting patients information=privacy
  26. What is the definition of veracity?
    being truthfulness, without deceiving, non misleading to the patient
  27. What is the definition of accountability?
    accepting responsibility for one's actions
  28. What are codes of ethics?
    formal statement of rules of ethical behavior for a group
  29. Where do ethical dilemmas occur?
    • 1. having to choose between two or more ethical principles
    • 2. deciding in favor of one principle may violate another
    • 3. can be a choice between two unpleasant alternatives. and both may have good and bad aspects
  30. What are the steps in resolving ethical dilemmas?
    • assessment
    • planning
    • implementing
    • elvaluation
  31. How does assessment work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
    • ask yourself are you directly involved in the dilemma?
    • What are the medical facts?
    • What are the psychosocial facts?
    • What are the patients wishes?
    • what values are in the conflict?
  32. How does planning work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
    • everyone involved in the decision must be included in the process.
    • determine the goals of treatment.
    • identify the decision makers.
    • list and rank all options.
  33. How does implementation work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
    the patient or decision maker and members of the health-care team reach a mutually acceptable decision
  34. How does evaluation work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
    Determine whether the desired outcomes have occurred
Card Set:
values and ethics
2014-01-26 07:19:59

leadership test #1
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