values and ethics
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What does biomedical ethics includes?
- belief systems
- ethical theories
What is the definition of biomedical ethics?
field of philosophy that deals with human behavior.
What are intrinsic values?
values that are related to sustaining life (ie. food and water)
What are extrinsic values?
values that are not essential to life, feelings & material items (ie. needing new pair of shoes)
What are personal values?
qualities that people consider valuable in their private lives (ie. strong family ties)
What are professional values?
Qualities considered important by a professional group. (ie. autonomy, integrity, commitment)
How are values learned?
values are learned thru societal norms, behaviors, change with experience and age
What is considered clarification of values?
awareness of own & other's values
When you are making a free choice, alternatives, consequences of each choice, deciding on your value what type of clarification is this?
What is the definition of belief systems?
organized way of thinking about why people exist within the universe, explain mysteries such as life & death, good & evil
What are the three ways we clarify are values?
When you are satisfied with your choice, declaring it to others you are demonstrating what type of clarification is this?
When your are incorporating your values into your behavior what type of clarification is this?
What is the purpose of organized religion?
explain what science can't
code or guide for acceptable behavior
Where does a person get their morals from?
an individuals conscience
part of philosophy that deals with the rightness and wrongness of human behavior
What are ethical theories?
- justify moral principles
- norms or rules for behaviors based on either the intention or the consequences of the action
Name the 7 ethical principles.
what is the definition of autonomy?
freedom to make decisions for oneself about treatment
Within a informed consent what are the necessary components?
What is the definition of nonmaleficience?
- no harm be done deliberately or unintentionally
- care that patients don't hurt themselves
- if the nurse is impaired or incompetent other RNs must report
What is the definition of beneficence?
- Good be done for the benefit of others
- meeting their needs physical, social & emotional
What is the definition of justice?
treating all persons equally regardless of gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, disease or social standing
What is the definition of confidentiality?
protecting patients information=privacy
What is the definition of veracity?
being truthfulness, without deceiving, non misleading to the patient
What is the definition of accountability?
accepting responsibility for one's actions
What are codes of ethics?
formal statement of rules of ethical behavior for a group
Where do ethical dilemmas occur?
- 1. having to choose between two or more ethical principles
- 2. deciding in favor of one principle may violate another
- 3. can be a choice between two unpleasant alternatives. and both may have good and bad aspects
What are the steps in resolving ethical dilemmas?
How does assessment work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
- ask yourself are you directly involved in the dilemma?
- What are the medical facts?
- What are the psychosocial facts?
- What are the patients wishes?
- what values are in the conflict?
How does planning work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
- everyone involved in the decision must be included in the process.
- determine the goals of treatment.
- identify the decision makers.
- list and rank all options.
How does implementation work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
the patient or decision maker and members of the health-care team reach a mutually acceptable decision
How does evaluation work in resolving ethical dilemmas?
Determine whether the desired outcomes have occurred
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