- Standard effleurage is done with the flat of a relaxed hand.
- It is a relaxing stroke always done at the beginning and end of the massage. It
- can also be used to connect different strokes to maintain rhythm. It warm the
- skin, prepares the area for deeper work, spreads the massage medium and helps
- to eliminate toxins.
- Sports massage effleurage is very similar to effleurage used
- in others forms of massage. However, in addition to traditional effleurage,
- which is performed using the palms, it may involve the use of the lower arm to
- apply deeper pressure strokes over larger areas.
- Petrissage is a compression stroke, such as kneading, which
- squashes the muscle tissue against itself and the underlying bone. This helps
- to break down tension in large muscles and is not used directly over bony areas
- due to the risk of bruising. It help to improve the elasticity of the muscles,
- decreases muscle tension and aids relaxation and circulation.
- Compression as the
- name suggest, result in the muscle being compressed against the deeper tissues
- and bone. This results in an improvement in circulation and removal of lactic
- acid and other wastes from the muscle tissue. The therapist begins by pressing
- at the insertion of the muscle and moves along to its origin.
- A very deep technique, heavily stimulating on the blood
- supply. Good for adhesions and scar tissue in the muscles and loosens and realigns
- tangled muscle fibers. Beneficial at muscle attachments and around joints. The
- digits or elbows can be used, and care must be taken not to crush the tissues
- against the underlying bone as this can cause bruising and damage to the tissues.
- The pressure must stay within the pain threshold and the movement should not be
- performed for too long at the time, it is better to move off the area and
- return to it later.
- There are three different types of frictions that will be
- studied in detail.
- Circular frictions used
- around joints.
- frictions used on tense muscles
- Cross fiber frictions used
- on used on tense muscles or ligaments that are weak
- All frictions help to
- increase heat in the area, increase circulation and lymphatic drainage to
- the region, stimulates the nerves and loosens areas of tension and scar
- Percussion strokes include hacking, cupping, beating,
- pounding and the smaller fingertip
- Movements of Tapotement.
- These are invigorating strokes which will stimulate a muscle and are
- used primarily over weakened atrophied muscles. In a relaxation massage they
- can be used before the final effleurage to help wake up the client. They all
- result in increased circulation, warming of the skin and the muscles, increased
- muscle tone and invigoration of the nerves
- The aim of vibrations are to shake the muscle fibers to help
- with relaxation and to loosen tension .Used on the quadriceps and calves
Neuromuscular technique – NMT
- A technique where the digit is held in the one place over a
- sore point and the pressure increased to the clients pain threshold limit. This
- provokes a reflex in the nervous system, which helps the muscles to relax and
- reduces spasm and pain.
- This can be used alone or in conjunction with NMT to relieve
- tightness and pain in the muscle or tendon injuries. It involves moving the
- muscles into a more relaxed position while performing a neuromuscular technique
- to aid in relaxation.
Connective Tissue Manipulation-CTM
- A form of stretching that involves movements which help to
- loosen adhesions, fluid and fibrous accumulations, outside of thigh-lower back
- are typical area, between the muscle fascia and the subcutaneous layer.
Soft Tissue Release-STR
- Technique that
- improves flexibility in a localized areas of muscle or tendon. It involves a
- combination of pressure and movement which causes the muscles to lengthen and
Muscle Energy Technique-MET
- Very effective movement in increasing overall flexibility
- and decreasing muscle tension. It involves using restricted or resistive
- movements to stretch muscles. This inhibits the muscle spindles and Golgi
- tendon organs to allow an improvement in flexibility.