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- dostatek, obfitość
- "It was set back from the street, another sign of affluence."
- "There was also a growing affluence in China's middle class."
- wierność, lojalność
- "Bush gets much less of their allegiance than he did four years ago."
- "I'm not sure why anyone would feel any allegiance toward them."
- zuchwały, śmiały
- "For a young black woman in those days, the choice was audacious."
- "We have here a plan of attack that is most audacious."
- nękać kłopotami
- oblegać (to besiege)
- "The city's once extensive library system has been beleaguered by financial difficulties."
- "In 1325 Polish, in 1432 Hussite troops beleaguered the city."
- zadziorny, napastliwy, agresywny
- będący w stanie wojny
- "He became very belligerent and asked me did I even know how to dance at all."
- "Men who have not seen enough combat, on the other hand, come home belligerent."
to bequeath (sth to sb)
- /bɪˈkwiːð; -ˈkwiːθ/
- pozostawić, zapisać, przekazać w spadku
"He died in 1728 without bequeathing the land to anyone."
- namawiać, zachęcać, nakłaniać
- "But even the parents could not coax their children from the house."
- "Two years later, she was coaxed back to her city team."
- /ˈkɒləmɪst; -əmnɪst/
- autor rubryki w gazecie, felietonista
to be contingent (on sth)
- zależeć od czegoś
"The effectiveness of such bias is contingent on
the maintenance of..."
- zdołać coś zrobić
- "He had to contrive a way to let them find him."
- "He was also contriving to do a great deal of work at the national museum."
"Another group, the crustaceans
, appeared at just about the same time."
- drobny, filigranowy
- "My children are so dainty when it comes to food."
- "At that time she was just 4 years old, very small and dainty."
- oczerniać, uwłaczać
- "to denigrate the groundbreaking evolutionary research"
- "Today no President would denigrate the role of human rights."
- przygnębiony, przybity
- "He often came to work late, was despondent and left early."
- "He was despondent over the way things were going here."
- szkoda, uszczerbek
- "will be favourably selected in detriment to their competitors"
- "That would be to the detriment of Europe' s economic position."
- "discern the differences"
- "The relationship between the President and the military is more difficult to discern."
to discriminate (between/among/against)
- /v. dɪˈskrɪm əˌneɪt; adj. -nɪt/
- rozróżniać (distinguish)
- dyskryminować (against)
- "Thus, to discriminate against one class and not another is wrong for me."
- "I think we should really make an effort here to discriminate between the current moment and the general development."
- rozchełstany, zaniedbany
medical student with long hair stood by the door."
- szerzyć, rozprzestrzenić, rozsiewać (o wiadomościach, poglądach)
- "What's more, these practices were disseminated down to the local level."
- "Did you plan for this information to be disseminated and actually used in practice?"
- rozchodzić się (o opiniach)
- rozwidlać, rozchodzić się (o liniach)
- "He saw no reason to diverge from that policy now."
- "Their lives had diverged, and there was nothing either of them could do about it."
- ujawnić, wyjawić (to reveal, disclose)
- "Or was it the case their father could not divulge?"
- "As a private company, it does not have to divulge its results."
- posłuszny, potulny, uległy
- "I have no idea how they kept them so docile."
- "They are also very docile and easy to work with."
- uszczęśliwiać, wprawiać w euforię
- "To be elated at nothing is to lose hold on reality."
- "The president seemed pleased, and West knew he should have been elated himself."
- obdarzyć (with sth)
- "To endow a word with power, you must understand it."
- "The couple, who had just endowed a gallery at the Met, did not tell the press."
- pozbawić sensu, podkopać
- "the compromise among the parties eviscerated the bill that had been proposed"
- "In the meantime, they've eviscerated the major part of the agency."
- irytować, drażnić
- "Just thinking about what had happened made him exasperated all over again."
- "Well, they were exasperated with him almost all the time."
- budzący wstręt, obrzydzenie
"He and his execrable
magazine hit a new low this time out, I'm afraid."
- wybujały (o roślinach, komplementach)
- pełen energii, entuzjastyczny
- "I have never been in a town so full of exuberant people."
- "An exuberant American design in the book, above right, is from 1952."
- rozradowany, przepełniony radością
- zgłębić, zrozumieć
- zmierzyć głębokość, gruntować
- sążeń (miara głębokości)
the basic nature of man, so that man might be accommodated to the habitat that was the ghost."
- stracić, zaprzepaścić
- "If all of the 14 cannot be used, the turn is forfeited."
- "He would be forfeiting his only means to get that education."
- naiwny, łatwowierny
"It's amazing how gullible
people are, he said to himself"
- prawić kazania, ciskać gromy
- "I began to harangue her, as my mother sometimes had."
- "And it's not like I harangue the subject all the time."
- nieposkromiona pycha, arogancka duma
- "No mother's child should have to die for a president's hubris."
- "The hubris of a poor man from a rich city."
- lejkowaty, stożkowaty (temrin botaniczny/medyczny)
- podstępny, zdradziecki, pozornie niewinny
- "But history seems to have insidious ways of following him around."
- "Thus she had an insidious effect on those around her."
- mdły, bezbarwny, bez wyrazu
- "In fact, brandy was good almost any time, so much better than insipid wine."
- "But if we did work that everyone liked, it would be insipid."
- dookreślenie, konkretyzacja
"As a consequence, a rule will be applicable to all terms which can be obtained by properly instantiating
- pojmowalny (comprehensible)
- "It was at last a response, but far from intelligible."
- "This was the first intelligible thing she'd said in a week."
- /ɪnˈtrɪn sɪk, -zɪk/
- wewnętrzny, wrodzony (inherent, innate)
- "It is about time to understand that information has an intrinsic value."
- "But there are other reasons, intrinsic to the work itself."
"And she did not mean to take her ire
out on the old man."
- lekceważący, nie mający szacunku
- "The studio show was known for its often irreverent nature."
- "He is not the most irreverent observer of Japanese politics."
"The whites of the eyes were yellow and it was the jaundice
- bujający w obłokach
- "There was a little bit of a lackadaisical approach to my free agency."
- "Gone, too, will be some students' lackadaisical approach to testing."
- "In the beginning of the game, we were a little lackadaisical."
- posępny, ponury
- "And those huge eyes of his always seemed to be lugubrious."
- "That long, lugubrious howl rose on the night air again!"
- /mɑːˈsjuːpɪəl; -ˈsuː-/
"They were also thought to be Marsupials
at one point."
- ckliwy; cukierkowy
- "It came out without thought, and sounded mawkish in his own ears."
- "Charles, of course, hates that phrase; he says it's mawkish."
- stawiający opór
- "PCP also releases adrenaline so users become immensely strong; if they become obstreperous they often need several people to control them."
- "Is that how you deal with your obstreperous children, David?"
- skąpstwo, chciwość
- "I remembered her mention of his parsimony over the price."
- "Their parsimony has been the biggest single drag on the country's growth."
- "But he does not need to follow that pernicious example."
- "To escape the pernicious influence of fashion we need three things."
- jasny, wyraźny, przejrzysty, klarowny
- "The lower range is not so immediately perspicuous."
- "His language has no peculiar neatness nor brilliancy, but it is perspicuous, pointed, and clear."
- złowieszczy, zwiastujący coś (to be portentous of sth)
- zachwycający, niezwykły
- "Everything seemed portentous, though of what no one could say."
- "There was something portentous in the group far below her."
- "But to me, this is a coincidence and nothing especially portentous."
- zaproponować, sugerować
- "He was positing his past work as modern enough for the future."
- "The academy also posited a new question: "How low can we go?"
- niebezpieczny, niepewny
- "But the days will be the most precarious of your life."
- "As a result, they are in a precarious political position."
- przepaść, urwisko
- niebezpieczna sytuacja
- "She had not expected to look down such a precipice!"
- "When the world is at the precipice of nuclear war."
to preponderate (over)
- górować, dominować
- "One element may preponderate here; and another there."
- "And in balancing his faults and his perfections, the latter seemed rather to preponderate."
- arogancki, bezczelny
- "I did not think she would soon again be presumptuous."
- "How presumptuous to think you know more than the people in the field."
- skłonność, inklinacja, tendencja (propensity to do sth, for sth)
- "The human mind has a propensity to give in to the story at hand."
- "The book had a propensity to fall open at one particular place."
- nawracać (na wiarę), głosić wiarę
- "So he is more than willing to go out and proselytize."
- "School officials said it would be considered proselytizing, so she was not allowed to."
- pogodzenie się z kimś, pojednanie
- "If reconciliation is not possible, the wife may return to her family."
- "Soon after reconciliation, they start trying to have a child."
- zrealizować kupony
- odkupić, zrehabilitować
- "Will he be able to redeem himself in his family's eyes?"
- "Not long after, I had the chance to redeem myself."
- "redeemed the ring from the pawnbroker"
- ogranicznie (wydatków), okrojenie
- "But it has not been completely a period of retrenchment."
- "Similar retrenchment has hit the air force and the navy."
root and branch
z korzeniami (idiom)
- "At the same time the state system of education is also secular."
- "The secular issues will become more important in the back half of the year."
- chaotyczny, źle zorganizowany
- "And the paper was shambolic in the way it came together."
- "That may not sound too bad, but the country's infrastructure is shambolic."
- "I turned upon him with a snarl in my voice."
- "His snarl was enough to make the other three men back away a little."
- "In fact, your post is a very fine example of ironic sophistry."
- "That little bit of sophistry makes all the difference doesn't it?"
- marnotrawić, trwonić
- "Love is not something you can use up or squander."
- "The hour that they squandered now might make all the difference."
to suffuse (with)
- przepełniać, wypełniać
- "Olive oil, onion, garlic and tomato round out the flavors that suffuse the chicken."
- "Indeed, she pays specific homage to the shades whose style and concerns suffuse her prose."
- "Chemicals that suffuse life are building up in our bodies."
- "Such environmental concerns, in fact, suffuse nearly all the museum's displays."
- "The risk of overlapping talent lineups means that each promoter must try to suffuse his event with a distinct flair."
- dziki, agresywny, gwałtowny (np. opór)
- cięty, zjadliwy (o komentarzu)
- "Why on earth did she have to sound like a truculent child?"
- "There was something almost truculent in the way he said it."
- "unequivocal evidence"
- "took an unequivocal position"
- "an unequivocal success"
- drobny wzrost, podwyższenie (jakiejś wartości)
- "The Sun has also had an uptick at the box office."
- "Maybe these changes will create an uptick in our business."
- pozostałość, ślad
- szczątek (organ)
- "It was the last vestige of power left to her."
- "Vestiges of these ancient times are still to be found today."
to wade (sth, through, into)
- brodzić, brnąć, przebrnąć
- wkroczyć (z atakiem)
- "I would wade right in and try to get them to stop."
- "The water was too deep to wade out to get him."
to wring, wrung, wrung
- (one's hands) załamywać ręce
- wycisnąć (informacje)
- "President Bush went on wringing his hands and doing nothing."
- "The words were wrung out of him almost against his will."
- "It wrung my heart to see her looking like this."
- ostrożnie, uważnie
- "Gingerly he put his feet back in the water, a little at a time."
- "I did so gingerly but felt them all turn to look."
- bojaźliwy, płochliwy
- "But I say now is not the time to be timid."
- "But even some of her friends think she has been too timid here."
- /bru:sk; BrE brʊsk/
- "He was brusque, as if the moment had never happened."
- "The words might have been brusque, but his voice was not."
- chudy i długi, patykowaty
- "She is 15 years old, lanky and nearly six feet tall."
- "His body was lanky enough that it got in the way more often than not."
- zdystansowany, powściągliwy
- "And still she held part of herself aloof from him."
- "I gave him my aloof professional look and said nothing."
- nadmierny, przesadny
- "I mean, they do spend an inordinate amount of time together."
- "Yet they seem to have an inordinate respect for property."
gilt (to gild)
to gild (gilded/gilt) = złocić
- "But it were well that all books had the top edge gilt."
- "Without meaning to she looked at the big gilt clock."
- ciemny, ponury, mroczny
- niewyraźny, nieokreślony
- mało znany (np. autor, pisarz)
- "They talk in an obscure jargon."
- "It is an obscure island in the Pacific."
- "I had an obscure feeling that something would go wrong."
- rzucający się w oczy, widoczny
- niezwykły, wyjątkowy, rażący, spektakularny
- "I thought I'd try to get in and out without being conspicuous."
- "Either of us following the woman about would be rather conspicuous."
- strzelista wieża
- "But to go to that small white church with the high steeple gave us hope."
- "Of the old church only the 47-m-tall steeple was kept."
- synekura (dobrze płatna posada nie wymagająca dużego wysiłku)
- "Life was not a task to him, but a sinecure."
- "It's not a sinecure after all, being chairman of an international oil company."
- szacunek (veneration)
- okazanie szacunku
- "the Chinese reverence for the dead"
- "the French treat food with gentle reverence"
- zabawny, śmieszny
- dziwny, dziwaczny
- "This seemed to be a droll saying at the time."
- "It's the droll way he comes out with the things."
- podskok, sus
- zwariowana komedia, śmieszny film
- BrE zawracanie głowy
- "What on earth put you up to such a caper?"
- "No one who is in on the caper should make any money."
lustre (BrE), luster
- połysk, blask
- "But back home, the lustre has been lost a little."
- "Since then, it appears to have lost some of its lustre."
- oblicze, mina, wyraz twarzy
- "Numbly he recognized the countenances which were turned toward him."
- "Barney had seen some countenances in his time and stayed alive by reading them."
- "Their countenances and motions have lost every trace of animation."
- "But with her pallor in the light, she looked already dead."
- "His face had taken on the pallor of a dead man."
- /ˈprəʊlɪks; prəʊˈlɪks/
- rozwlekły (o przemowie, książce)
- /kəˈmɪŋ gəl/
- mieszać (się)
- "And there are two different issues that we're sort of commingling here."
- "They said it had been commingled with other accounts held by the church."
- "Commingling these two items gets us in trouble every time."
- prawdziwy, rzeczywisty, odpowiedni
- "I require veritable proof."
- "The Unitarians were relentlessly hunted down and a veritable reign of terror ensued."
- "In cultures like this one, actually doing work was considered a social abasement."
- "He had made that sacrifice in a spirit of abasement."
- "A fit of pique because they held out too long."
- "Sure, it had been in a moment of pique, but still."
- /ˈsɛlf kənˈsit, ˌsɛlf-/
- zarozumialstwo, próżność
- "As for the other three, they are motivated solely by avarice."
- "Western avarice has left its mark on ancient monuments as well."
- tępy, ograniczony, głupi
- "Still, you have to be pretty obtuse to not see the potential there."
- "You would need to be pretty obtuse to wonder why."
- "The subject is not so abstruse as I thought it was."
- "Some of his later work was too experimental or abstruse for the critics and the public."
- /ˈkwɒndrɪ; -dərɪ/
- rozterka, dylemat
- "His very first question however put me in a quandary."
- "She was in a quandary as to what to say."
- trudny, męczący (np. podróż)
- żmudny, mozolny (np. nauka, ćwiczenia)
- "It was going to be a long and arduous day."
- "It had been an arduous process to get to this point."
- zmienne koleje
- "In both cases they are are tall and ancient trees that have outlived a thousand political vicissitudes."
- "Vicissitudes of fortune experienced in this family do not end in sadness."
- wzruszyć, wzburzyć
"the White Whale churning
himself into furious speed"
- zasypać (np. pytaniami)
- "The low lying areas were inundated by flood waters."
- "Were you inundated with emails from the portal?"
- dobrze wróżący
- "The marriage did not get off to a very auspicious start."
- "The cars were not selling well, not a particularly auspicious start for a special edition."
- "But the road to European integration is not a rose-strewn path"
- "It was no easy task and the path was strewn with pitfalls."
- "Sarah knew better than to admonish him for his threat."
- "They were admonished and then asked to leave the room."
- rozczarowanie, rozgoryczenie
"His long face took on a lugubrious expression of chagrin."
to cavil (at/about)
- /ˈkæv əl/
- czepiać się, spierać się
"Baley needed a friend and he was in no mood to cavil at the fact that a gear replaced a blood vessel in this particular one."
- przenikać, owładnąć
"A vague sense of unreality pervaded everything."
- /ʌnˈtɛn ə bəl/
- niemożliwy do obrony
"I am afraid that this theory is quite untenable."