# IDTA Associate Theory - WALTZ.txt

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1. Waltz Time Signature
• Written as a fraction appearing at the start of a piece of music
• The top (first) number indicates the number of beats in a bar
• The bottom (second) number indicates the value of the beats
• Walts is 3/4 time = 3 beats of crochet value to the bar
2. Waltz Tempo
• The speed of the music counted in bars or beats per minute
• Walts is played at 30 bars/minute (or 90 beats/minute)
3. Counting in Beats
• 123, 123, 123 etc where (generally) one step equals one beat
• an 'and' (&) equals 1/2 beat
4. Counting in Beats and Bars
• 123, 223, 323, etc where the first number denotes the bar while the 2nd & 3rd the remaining beats of the bar
• Generally, one step equals one beat
• an 'and' (&) equals 1/2 beat
5. Timing
• The amount of time given to each step or action in relation to the music
• Eg The Whisk: Timing is 123 12&3 with beat value 111 1 1/2 1/2 1
6. Rhythm
The regular recurrence of and accented beat or beats in the music that gives character to the music and dance
7. Accented Beat
Beat One
8. Syncopation
Splitting a beat or beats during a figure
9. Rotation
Movement of the body in a circular motion around a central axis to Right or Left
10. Spin
A continuous tuen to Right or Left over 2 or more steps
11. RF (LF) Closed Change, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
12. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT (LEFT) foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT (RIGHT) foot side and slightly forward
• Step 3: RIGHT (LEFT) foot closes to Left (Right)
13. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
14. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
• Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
15. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Amount of Turn
No turn
16. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
17. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's CBM
Slight on Step 1
18. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right (Left)
• Step 3: Right (Left)
19. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT (RIGHT) foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT (LEFT) foot side and slightly back
• Step 3: LEFT (RIGHT) foot closes to Right (Left)
20. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
21. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
• Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
22. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Amount of Turn
No turn
23. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
24. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's CBM
Slight on Step 1
25. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left (Right)
• Step 3: Left (Right)
26. RF Closed Change, Precede
Natural Turn
27. RF Closed Change, Follow
Reverse Turn
28. LF Closed Change, Precede
• Reverse Turn
• Steps 456 Reverse Turn after Natural Spin Turn
• Natural Hesitation near Corner
29. LF Closed Change, Follow
• Natural Turn
• Natural Spin Turn
• Underturned Natural Spin Turn
• Natural Turn with Hesitation
30. Reverse Turn, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
31. Reverse Turn, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 4: RIGHT foot back
• Step 5: LEFT foot side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closes to Left
32. Reverse Turn, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Toe Heel
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
33. Reverse Turn, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 3: Backing LoD
• Step 4: Backing LoD
• Step 5: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Wall
34. Reverse Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Left on 1
• 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
• Continue to turn Left on 4
• 3/8 turn between 4 & 5, body turns less
• Body completes the turn on 6
35. Reverse Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4, start to rise end of 4, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 5
• Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
36. Reverse Turn, Men's CBM
Step 1 and Step 4
37. Reverse Turn, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Right
• Step 6: Right
38. Reverse Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
• Step 4: LEFT foot forward
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Heel Toe
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 2: Pointing to LoD
• Step 3: Facing LoD
• Step 4: Facing LoD
• Step 5: Backing Wall
• Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Wall
41. Reverse Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Left on 1
• 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
• Body completes turn on 3
• Continue to turn Left on 4
• 1/4 turn between step 4 & 5
• 1/8 turn between 5 & 6
42. Reverse Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
• Continue to rise on 5
• Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
Step 1 and Step 4
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Left
• Step 6: Left
45. Reverse Turn, Precede
• RF Closed Change
• Natural Turn with Hesitation
• Steps 456 of Reverse Turn after the Underturned Natural Spin Turn (when finished to face DC)
46. Reverse Turn, Follow
• LF Closed Change
• Whisk
• After steps 123 of Reverse Turn underturned to Back DW, Weave in Waltz Time
• After steps 123, Reverse Corte
47. Natural Turn, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
48. Natural Turn, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
• Step 4: LEFT foot back
• Step 5: RIGHT foot side
• Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right
49. Natural Turn, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Toe Heel
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
50. Natural Turn, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Backing LoD
• Step 4: Backing LoD
• Step 5: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
51. Natural Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
• Continue to turn Right on 4
• 3/8 turn between 4 & 5, body turns less
• Body completes the turn on 6
52. Natural Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4, start to rise end of 4, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 5
• Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
53. Natural Turn, Men's CBM
Step 1 and Step 4
54. Natural Turn, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Left
• Step 6: Left
55. Natural Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closes to Left
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Heel Toe
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Pointing to LoD
• Step 3: Facing LoD
• Step 4: Facing LoD
• Step 5: Backing Centre
• Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
58. Natural Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
• Body completes turn on 3
• Continue to turn Right on 4
• 1/4 turn between step 4 & 5
• 1/8 turn between 5 & 6
59. Natural Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
• Continue to rise on 5
• Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
Step 1 and Step 4
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Right
• Step 6: Right
62. Natural Turn, Precede
• LF Closed Change
• When starting this figure Step 1 Forward o/s Partner in CBMP:
• Outside Change
• Weave in Waltz Time
63. Natural Turn, Follow
• RF Closed Change
• If ended Facing DW of new LoD, any Natural Figure
• After steps 123 of Natural Turn, Back Whisk
• After steps 123 of Natural Turn ended backing DC, Outside Change step 1 LF back, Lady in line
• Whisk
64. Whisk, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
65. Whisk, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side and slightly forward
• Step 3: LEFT foot crosses behind Left in PP
66. Whisk, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
67. Whisk, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
68. Whisk, Men's Amount of Turn
Body turn on step 3
69. Whisk, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
70. Whisk, Men's CBM
Slight on Step 1
71. Whisk, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT diagonally back
• Step 3: RIGHT foot crosses behind Left in PP
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
75. Whisk, Lady's Amount of Turn
• No turn on step 1 (there is no foot swivel, the feet complete the turn steps 1 & 2)
• 1/4 turn to Right between 1 & 2, body turns less
• Body completes turn on 3
76. Whisk, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
None
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
79. Whisk, Precede
• Reverse Turn
• 456 of Reverse Turn after Natural Spin Turn
• Underturned Natural Spin Turn at a Corner
• Natural Turn with Hesitation at Corner
80. Whisk, Follow
Chasse from PP
81. Chasse from PP, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1/2 beat
• Step 3: & - 1/2 beat
• Step 4: 3 - 1 beat
82. Chasse from PP, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
• Step 2: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
• Step 4: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
83. Chasse from PP, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe
• Step 4: Toe Heel
84. Chasse from PP, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Along LoD, Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Wall
85. Chasse from PP, Men's Amount of Turn
No turn
86. Chasse from PP, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3
• Up on 4. Lower end of 4
87. Chasse from PP, Men's CBM
None
88. Chasse from PP, Men's Sway
Straight throughout
89. Chasse from PP, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 4: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
90. Chasse from PP, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe
• Step 4: Toe Heel
91. Chasse from PP, Lady's Alignment
• Step 1: Along LoD Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 2: Backing Wall
• Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Wall
92. Chasse from PP, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Left on 1
• 1/8 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3, body turns less
• No turn on 4
93. Chasse from PP, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3
• Up on 4. Lower end of 4
94. Chasse from PP, Lady's CBM
Step 1
95. Chasse from PP, Lady's Sway
Straight throughout
96. Chasse from PP, Precede
• Whisk
• Back Whisk
• When ended in PP, Outside Change, Whisk in Waltz Time
97. Chasse from PP, Follow
• RF forward in CBMP outside partner into
• Natural Turn
• Natural Spin Turn
• Underturned Natural Spin Turn
• Natural Turn with Hesitation
98. Reverse Corte, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
99. Reverse Corte, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right without weight
• Step 3: Position held
100. Reverse Corte, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Heel of LF then Toes of both feet
• Step 3: Toe Heel (RF)
101. Reverse Corte, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing LoD
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
• Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
102. Reverse Corte, Men's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Left on 1
• 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
• No turn on 3
103. Reverse Corte, Men's Rise and Fall
• Down on 1
• Rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
104. Reverse Corte, Men's CBM
Step 1
105. Reverse Corte, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
106. Reverse Corte, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 1: Facing LoD
• Step 2: Facing Centre
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
109. Reverse Corte, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Left on 1
• 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 bteween 2 & 3
110. Reverse Corte, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
Step 1
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
113. Reverse Corte, Precede
• 1-3 Reverse Turn
• Natural Spin Turn
114. Reverse Corte, Follow
• All follows as man will commence LF back in CBMP
• Back Whisk
• At a corner, Outside Change
115. Back Whisk, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
116. Back Whisk, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back in CBMP
• Step 2: RIGHT foot diagonally back
• Step 3: LEFT foot crosses behind Right in PP
117. Back Whisk, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
118. Back Whisk, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
119. Back Whisk, Men's Amount of Turn
Body turn to the Right on step 3
120. Back Whisk, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
121. Back Whisk, Men's CBM
None
122. Back Whisk, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
123. Back Whisk, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP Outside Partner
• Step 2: LEFT foot side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot crosses behind Left in PP
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre, against LoD
• Step 2: Facing Centre
• Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
126. Back Whisk, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 1/8 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 bteween 2 & 3
127. Back Whisk, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
Step 1
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
130. Back Whisk, Precede
Reverse Corte
131. Back Whisk, Follow
Chasse From PP
132. Outside Change, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
133. Outside Change, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back in CBMP
• Step 2: RIGHT foot back
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
134. Outside Change, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
135. Outside Change, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
136. Outside Change, Men's Amount of Turn
• No turn on step 1
• Start to turn Left on step 2
• 1/4 turn between 2 and 3, body turns less
137. Outside Change, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
138. Outside Change, Men's CBM
Slight on step 2
139. Outside Change, Men's Sway
Straight throughout
140. Outside Change, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
• Step 2: LEFT foot forward
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
143. Outside Change, Lady's Amount of Turn
• No turn on step 1
• Start to turn Left on step 2
• 1/4 turn between 2 and 3, body turns less
144. Outside Change, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
Slight on step 2
Straight throughout
147. Outside Change, Precede
• Reverse Corte danced at a corner
• 1-3 of Natural Turn to ebd Backing DC, Step 1 LF Back Lady in Line
148. Outside Change, Follow
Right Foot forward outside partner into any Natural Figure
149. Weave in Waltz Time, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
150. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot forward
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 4: LEFT foot back in CBMP
• Step 5: RIGHT foot back
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
151. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Heel Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Toe Heel
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
152. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
• Step 3: Backing LoD
• Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
153. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Amount of Turn
• Body turn to Left on 1
• Continue to turn Left on 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
• 1/8 turn between 3 & 4
• Continue to turn Left on 5
• 1/4 turn between 5 & 6, body turns less
154. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Rise and Fall
• Down on 1
• Down on 2, rise end of 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4, start to rise end of 4, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 5
• Up on 6. Lower end of 6
155. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's CBM
Step 1, Step 2 and Step 5
156. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Sway
Straight throughout
157. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot forward
• Step 2: RIGHT foot back
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
• Step 5: LEFT foot forward
• Step 6: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
158. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Heel Toe
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
159. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
• Step 3: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Wall
160. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Body turn to Left on 1
• Continue to turn Left on 2
• 1/4 turn between 2 & 3, body turns less
• No turn on 4
• Continue to turn Left on 5
• 1/4 turn between 5 & 6, body turns less
161. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Down on 1
• Down on 2, rise end of 2
• Up on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
• Continue to rise on 5
• Up on 6. Lower end of 6
162. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's CBM
Step 1, Step 2 and Step 5
163. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Sway
Straight throughout
164. Weave in Waltz Time, Precede
1 - 3 of Reverse Turn, start facing DC or LoD
165. Weave in Waltz Time, Follow
• RF forward in CBMP, outside partner to:
• Natural Turn
• Natural Spin Turn
• Underturned Natural Spin Turn
• Natural Turn with Hesitation
166. Weave in Waltz Time, Note
this figure may end in PP
167. Natural Spin Turn, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
168. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left foot
• Step 4: LEFT foot back, Right foot held in CBMP (Pivot)
• Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
169. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Toe Heel Toe
• Step 5: Heel Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
170. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Backing LoD
• Step 4: Down LoD Toe turned in. End Facing Lod
• Step 5: Facing LoD
• Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
171. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
• 1/2 turn to Right on 4
• Continue to turn Right on 5
• 3/8 turn between 5 & 6
172. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to Rise end of 1
• Continue to Rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4
• Down on 5, Rise end of 5
• Up on 6. Lower end of 6
173. Natural Spin Turn, Men's CBM
Step 1, Step 4 and Step 5
174. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Straight
• Step 6: Straight
175. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward (pivoting action)
• Step 5: LEFT foot back and slightly Leftward then Right foot brushes to Left
• Step 6: RIGHT foot diagonally forward
176. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Heel Toe
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
177. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Pointing LoD
• Step 3: Facing LoD
• Step 4: Facing LoD, end Backing LoD
• Step 5: Backing LoD
• Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
178. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start turning Right on 1
• 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
• Body completes turn on 3
• 1/2 turn Right on 4
• Continue to turn on 5
• 3/8 turn between 5 & 6
179. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to Rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to Rise on 2
• Continue to Rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4
• Down on 5, Rise end of 5
• Up on 6. Lower end of 6
180. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's CBM
Step 1 and Step 4
181. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Straight
• Step 6: Straight
182. Natural Spin Turn, Precede
• LF Closed Change
• When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP: Chasse from PP, Outside Change, Weave in Waltz Time
183. Natural Spin Turn, Follow
• 4 - 6 Reverse Turn to face DW or LoD
• Reverse Corte
184. Natural Spin Turn, Note
• Man: although Step 4 (pivot) footwork is THT, the turn is actually made on the Ball of Foot with the heel lightly touching the floor during the turn
• Lady: On step 4, the Heel of the RF will be released from the floor as the turn starts
185. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
186. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left foot
• Step 4: LEFT foot back, Right foot held in CBMP (Pivot)
• Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
187. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Toe Heel Toe
• Step 5: Heel Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
188. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Backing LoD
• Step 4: Down LoD Toe turned in. End Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
189. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
• 3/8 turn to Right on 4
• Continue to turn Right on 5
• 1/4 turn between 5 & 6
190. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to Rise end of 1
• Continue to Rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4
• Down on 5, Rise end of 5
• Up on 6. Lower end of 6
191. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's CBM
Step 1, Step 4 and Step 5
192. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Straight
• Step 6: Straight
193. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward (pivoting action)
• Step 5: LEFT foot back and slightly Leftward then Right foot brushes to Left
• Step 6: RIGHT foot diagonally forward
194. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Heel Toe
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Toe Heel
195. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Pointing LoD
• Step 3: Facing LoD
• Step 4: Facing LoD, end Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
196. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start turning Right on 1
• 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
• Body completes turn on 3
• 3/8 turn Right on 4
• Continue to turn on 5
• 1/4 turn between 5 & 6
197. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to Rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to Rise on 2
• Continue to Rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4
• Down on 5, Rise end of 5
• Up on 6. Lower end of 6
198. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's CBM
Step 1 and Step 4
199. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Straight
• Step 6: Straight
200. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Precede
• LF Closed Change
• When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP: Chasse from PP, Outside Change, Weave in Waltz Time
201. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Follow
• 4 - 6 Reverse Turn ended facing DC
• Reverse Corte turning 1/4 or 1/2 to Left
• At a corner: 4 - 6 Reverse Turn, Reverse Corte
202. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Note
• Man: although Step 4 (pivot) footwork is THT, the turn is actually made on the Ball of Foot with the heel lightly touching the floor during the turn
• Lady: On step 4, the Heel of the RF will be released from the floor as the turn starts
203. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Timing & Beat Value
• Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
• Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
• Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
• Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
204. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 2: LEFT foot side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
• Step 4: LEFT foot back
• Step 5: RIGHT foot side small step (Heel Pull)
• Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right without weight
205. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Heel Toe
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Toe Heel
• Step 5: Heel, Inside edge of Foot, Whole Foot
• Step 6: Inside edge of Toe
206. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Alignment
• Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 3: Backing LoD
• Step 4: Backing LoD
• Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
207. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
• 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
• Continue to turn Right on 4
• 3/8 turn between 4 & 5
• No turn on 6
208. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4
• Down on 5
• Down on 6
209. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's CBM
Step 1 and Step 4
210. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Right
• Step 3: Right
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Left
• Step 6: Left
211. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot side
• Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
• Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closes to Left without weight
212. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe Heel
• Step 2: Toe
• Step 3: Toe Heel
• Step 4: Heel Toe
• Step 5: Toe Heel
• Step 6: Inside edge of Toe
213. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Alignment
• Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
• Step 2: Pointing to LoD
• Step 3: Facing LoD
• Step 4: Facing LoD
• Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
• Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
214. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Amount of Turn
• Start to turn Right on 1
• 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
• Body completes turn on 3
• Continue to turn Right on 4
• 3/8 turn between step 4 & 5
• No turn on 6
215. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Rise and Fall
• Start to rise end of 1, no foot rise
• Continue to rise on 2
• Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
• Down on 4
• Down on 5
• Down on 6
216. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's CBM
Step 1 and Step 4
217. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Sway
• Step 1: Straight
• Step 2: Left
• Step 3: Left
• Step 4: Straight
• Step 5: Right
• Step 6: Right
218. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Precede
• LF Closed Change
• When starting this figure Step 1 Forward o/s Partner in CBMP:
• Outside Change
• Weave in Waltz Time
219. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Follow
• Reverse Turn
• If ended DW at Corner: LF Closed Change, Whisk
220. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Note
Lady: If danced at corner 1/8 or 1/4 turn may be made; the turn between 4 and 5 is not divided
221. Positions of Feet
this refers to the position of one foot relative to the other at the end of a step
222. Outside Partner (OP)
A forward step taken to the partner's right side
223. Preparing to Step Outside Partner
this is a step taken forward in a slightly more open position than a normal step
224. Left or Right Side Leading
• This is when the same side of the body moves with the stepping foot.
• The step is taken either forward of back, normally in preparation to step outside partner
225. Contrary Body Movement Position (CBMP)
• The placing of the stepping foot, forward or backward, on to the line of the other foot
• This gives the appearance of CBM having been used but without turning the body
• CBMP is used on all OP steps to ensure a good line and contact
• 'forward and across' in CBMP means that the moving foot travels more across the line of the other foot. This applies to steps in PP only
226. Contrary Body Movement (CBM)
• The body action used to initiate turn
• It is moving the opposite side of the body toward the stepping foot, either forward or backward
• The action is strongest on Natural and Reverse Pivots
• The man's right and lady's left side are in contact with the lady slightly behind the man's right side
• PP is incorporated in the 'positions of feet' column in the charts
228. Fallaway Position
Both man and ladt stepping backward in PP on either foot
229. Direction
• Direction is the movement of the foot in relation to the room
• E.g. Step 1 of Chasse from PP as Lady: Along LoD facing DC
230. Alignment
• This refers to the foot or feet and describes where the feet are Facing, Backing or Pointing
• E.g. Step 2 Reverse Turn as Man: Backing DW
• Pointing will occur when on the inside of a turn having taken a side step, turning the foot more than the body
• Pointing will occur on some forward steps in PP
• The body position is sometimes included in the alignment because the body does not match the turning out of the feet when in PP
231. Line of Dance
• The line of forward progression round the ballroom in an anti-clockwise direction.
• The following alignments are used for examination purposes
• 1: Facing LoD or Backing against LoD
• 2: Facing DW or Backing DC against LoD
• 3: Facing Wall or Backing Centre
• 4: Facing DW against LoD or Backing DC
• 5: Backing LoD or Facing agaist LoD
• 6: Facing DC against LoD or Backing DW
• 7: Facing Centre or Backing Wall
• 8: Facing DC or Backing DW against LoD
232. Amounts of Turn
The amount of turn made with the feet between each step
233. Outside of Turn
• Indicates the turn is made following a forward step
• The amount of turn will be divided between steps 1 - 3
• Exception: the action of the man's Heel Pull between 4 & 5 of the Natural Turn with Hesitation causes the lady to make the same amount of turn as the man even though she is on the outside of the turn
• Exception: When dancing 4 - 6 of the Natural Spin Turn (and Natural or Reverse Pivot) the amount of turn for man and lady is the same
234. Inside of Turn
• Indicates the turn is made following a backward step
• There will be no foot turn on step 2
• All the turn is made between steps 2 and 3
• When on the inside of a turn the foot will often turn more than the body, in which case the 'Body turns less' term is used
• Exception: the action of the man's Heel Pull between 4 & 5 of the Natural Turn with Hesitation causes the lady to make the same amount of turn as the man even though she is on the outside of the turn
• Exception: When dancing 4 - 6 of the Natural Spin Turn (and Natural or Reverse Pivot) the amount of turn for man and lady is the same
235. Rise and Fall
• Rise is the increased elevation created by body and leg swing usually accompanied by the raising of the heel or heels from the floor
• Fall is the lowering of the supporting foot from the toe to the heel and the flexing of the knees as the next step is taken
236. No Foot Rise
• This is when the rise is felt through the legs and body but when stepping back no rise occurs in the supporting foot
• When a side step follows NFR, the supporting foot will be flat and when full weigh is taken on step 2 the heel of step one will be released from the floor
237. Types of Rise
• Eg 1-3 Natural Turn Man: Start to rise end of 1; Continue to rise on 2; Continue to rise on 3, lower end of 3 (feet close on 3)
• Eg Man's Whisk: Start to rise end of 1; Continue to rise on 2; Up on 3, lower end of 3 (feet not closed on 3)
• Eg Lady's Chasse from PP: Start to rise end of 1; Continue to rise on 2, Continue to rise on 3; Up on 4, lower end of 4 (feet close on 3)
• Other type of rise are included in the charts
238. Footwork
• Describes the working part, or parts, of the foot in contact with the floor during a step
• A step forward with rise or a turn is given as Heel Toe (HT) whereas without just given as Heel (H) although the toe does lower
• Backward walks normally given as TH with the front foot drwn back with the H in contact. The H is not working and is therefore not given unless dancing Heel Turn or Heel Pull
• When a side step follows a backward step the backward step is given as TH and will end flat; the T will not be released when the side step is taken
239. Sway
• The natural inclination of the body, left or right, from the ankles upward
• Use to assist balance and turn and may be used for effect
• The principle of sway is to incline the body toward the inside of a turn
• Sway may be used over 1 or 2 steps
• Some figures have no sway
• The sway used on 4-5 of Natuarl Turn with Hesitation is felt from the waist and is known as Broken Sway
240. Poise
• Man's: .
• Stand in natural, upright position
• Body weight is forward over the heels with feet flat and the body is inclined forward from the ankles
• Knees are slightly flexed
• Body is braced at the waist with no tension in the chest and shoulders level
• as man's but, the upper body is poised slightly backward from the waist
• This backward poise is not over exaggerated
241. Balance
the correct distribution of the weight over the foot or feet when moving or stationary
242. Ballroom Hold
• Achieve correct ballance and poise
• Man's Right hand is placed just under the Lady's Left shoulder blade with his arm sloping slightly down from the shoulder to elbow and onto the hand, fingers are neatly grouped
• Man's Left arm slopes down from the shoulder then up from the elbow, the wrist is straight and the hand is held diagonally toward the floor.
• Lady's Right hand is joined to the Man's Right between his thumb and forefinger with her Right arm sloping gently down from the shoulder then up from the elbow to the hand
• Man and Lady close their fingers over the others' hand.
• The Lady is positionsed slightly to the Man's Right side
• Lady's Left Hand is positioned on the Man's Right arm with fingers neatly grouped just below his Right shoulder
• The holde may be adjusted to accomodate different heights
243. Forward Walk
• (RF Walk is described)
• Achieve correct poise and balance and take the full weight onto the Left foot; knees are slightly flexed
• The body (core) starts to move first
• Further flex the Right knee and swing the Right leg forward from the hip
• Keep first the ball of the foot, then the heel in contact with the floor, at the same time releasing the Left heel
• At the full length of stride, the weight is momentarily felt between the heel of the Right foot, with straight knee and the ball of the Left foot, with knee slightly flexed
• With the body continuing to move, lower the tow of the Right foot to end with the foot flat
• Bring the Left foot forward, with slight pressure on the ball of the foot to pass the Right foot and repeat the walking action decribed
• For the Lady, the action is as described except that the Man will be leading and in control throughout
244. Backward walk
• (LF walk is described)
• Achieve correct poise and balance and take the full weight onto the Right foot; knees are slightly flexed; release the heel of the Left foot
• Swing the left leg back, from the hip, with first the ball then toe of the Left foot in contact with the floor, releasing the Right toe
• Lower onto the ball of the Left foot so that at the full length of the stride, the weight is momentarily felt between the ball of the Left foot, with knee slightly flexed and the heel of the Right foot, with straight knee
• Continue to move backward with the heel of the Right foot in contact with the floor, slowly lowering to the Left heel
• When the Right foot is level with the Left, the ball of the Right foot will be in contact with the floor
• As the Right foot passes the Left, the heel of the Left foot will complete the lowering, ready to repeat the action described.
• For the Lady, the action is as described except that the Man will be leading and in control throughout
245. Heel Turn
• This is the inside action of an Open Turn, with the feet closed on step 2 with a transferrance of weight
• Right foot back, starting to turn to the Left
• The turn will start on the ball of the Right foot, the heel will then lower and the remaining turn will continue on the heel with the foot flat
• A body rise will be felt
• The Left foot will be drawn back with the heel in contact with the floor
• When the Left foot closes to the Right, the feet will be flat and parallel
• A weight change will be made to the Left foot at then end of the turn
• The Heel turns of a Natural Turn are the same except they start Left foot back and turn to the Right
246. Heel Pull
• Left foot back, turning to the right on the heel of the Left foot with the foot flat
• As the turn is made on the Left foot, the Right foot is pulled back with the heel in contact with the floor
• Turn ends with the Right foot to the side, feet parallel
247. Closed Turn
A turn when the feet are closed on the 3rd step with a change of weight
248. Open Turn
A turn when the feet are open on the 3rd step
249. Brush Step
The action of the foot moving from an open position to another open position closing to, or toward the supporting foot without transferrance of weight
250. Natural Pivot
A turn to the Right in the ball of the Left foot with the Right foot held in CBMP
251. Pivoting Action
• The counterpart of the Natural Pivot
• A turn made to the Right on the Ball of the Right foot
• The Left foot is not held in CBMP
 Author: Anonymous ID: 258609 Card Set: IDTA Associate Theory - WALTZ.txt Updated: 2014-01-27 14:23:46 Tags: IDTA Ballroom Dance Theory Associate Waltz Folders: Description: IDTA Associate Waltz Theory Show Answers: