Antiseptics and disinfectants for veterinary use

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Antiseptics and disinfectants for veterinary use
2014-01-28 06:16:17
Antiseptics disinfectants veterinary
Veterinary nursing
Level 3 diploma revision
Show Answers:

  1. Can you name some examples of disinfectants which are part of the Aldehyde category?

    What are the properties of Aldehydes?
    • Parvocide, Gigasept, Veticide, Cidex
    • Highly toxic
    • Not inactivated by organic matter
    • Slow acting
    • Activity related to temperature
    • Not recommended for every day use
    • Evaporates if left uncovered
  2. Can you name some examples of Peroxide disinfectants?

    What are the properties of Peroxides?
    • Virkon, Hydrogen Peroxide, Oxykill
    • Paracetic acid
    • Available as powder or sachet
    • Corrosive
    • Fast acting but short acting
    • Good action against bacteria, viruses and fungi but variable against spores
    • Highly irritant
  3. Which of the following is an example of a Halogen disinfectant?

    Virkon, Trigene or Bleach?
  4. What is the other name given to bleach?
    Hypochlorite or in-organic chlorines
  5. Names some characteristics of Halogen disinfectants
    • Readily available
    • Irritant to skin
    • Strong smelling
    • Can react with acids (e.g. Urine ) to create noxious chlorine gas
    • Corrosive
    • May need higher concentrations if organic matter present as could be deactivated
    • Bactericidal, fungicidal, virucidal, sporicidal
  6. Hibiscrub is commonly used in veterinary practice for hand and patient hygiene. Which group of disinfectants is Hibiscrub part of?

    Big Iguanas!!
  7. Can you name some properties of Hibiscrub?
    • Chlorhexidine
    • Not as effective at killing fungi as Povidone
    • Active against many bacteria and some activity against viruses
    • Chemically active for approximately 6 hours
  8. What disinfectant would you associate with the following phrase?

    Toxic to cats!
  9. Name some examples of common phenols
    • Jeyes fluid
    • Dettol
    • Strepsils
    • Most mouth washes and deodorants
    • Thyme
    • Creosote
    • Coal tar soap
  10. Some additional facts about Phenols ....
    • Strong smelling
    • Poor viral activity
    • Cheap and readily available
    • Absorbed by rubber and plastic
    • Enhanced activity with warm temperatures
  11. Surgical spirit is part of which disinfectant category?
  12. Another commonly used alcohol disinfectant in practice are hand gels. By what process do alcohol hand gels achieve disinfection?
    Denaturation of proteins

    Remember my fried egg!
  13. What is the term for a disinfectant solution which is an Iodine carrier?
  14. Povidone / Pevidine/ Iodine - can you name some characteristics of the disinfectant?
    • Can stain!
    • Fast acting / slow release
    • Not inactivated by organic matter
    • Action against bacteria, viruses and fungi
  15. Ehthylene Oxide is classified as what type of disinfectant?
    Vapour phase disinfectant
  16. One of the most commonly used general disinfectants in practice is Trigene. To which category of disinfectants does Trigene belong?
    Halogenated tertiary amines which contain quartenary ammonium compounds
  17. Name three words associated with surfactants
    • Soap
    • Emulsification of lipids
    • Anionic
    • Cationic
    • Disruption of surface tension of water
  18. Which virus would Trigene not have an action against?