History Unit 1&2 Test Mesopotamia and Egypt.txt
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History Unit 1&2 Test Mesopotamia and Egypt.txt
fileName "History Unit 1&2 Test Mesopotamia and Egypt"
What are the characteristics of a civilization?
Development of Science & Writing
Merchants and Trade
What was the social structure of Mesopotamia?
Rulers - Kings, Chief Priests, High Palace officials
Workers (produce & trade)
What was the style of writing the Sumerians created?
What were the first technological developments created?
What were the 5 most prominent gods in Mesopotamian religion?
Which Mesopotamian civilization was responsible for having the oldest recorded religion in history?
What are the four Mesopotamian civilizations?
What was the most common used language for Mesopotamia?
What were the two key concepts in life for the Babylonians?
Law and justice
Which Mesopotamian civilization is said to be the most dominant force with the strongest army?
In what Mesopotamian civilization did Sargon rule?
Which Mesopotamian civilization(s) did King Hammurabi rule?
Babylonians and took over akkad and assyria
Fill in the blank: the law of _____ was prominent in the lives of the Babylonians.
Who ruled the Assyrians?
Who reunited Mesopotamia and established the first true empire?
King Assurnasirpal for the Assyrians
Where was the only place that women could be in charge?
Who was in charge of the family?
What kinds of things did the Sumerians export in trade?
What is the "Fertile Crescent" a nickname for?
Mesopotamia lied inbetween which two rivers?
The Euphrates and the Tigris
Mesopotamia lasted for approximately how many years?
Geographic conditions of Mesopotamia included...
Hot and dry climate
Intense flooding of the rivers in spring
What is a natural levee?
Embankments produced by build-up of sediment over thousands of years of flooding
Levees provided what?
Protection amongst other things
Where were the gods worshipped in Mesopotamia?
Huge temples called ziggurats
The polytheistic religion consisted of how many gods and demigods?
Kingship believed to be created by the...
Kings and priests acted as _______, telling people what the _____ wanted them to do.
A ziggurat is a...
Large temple dedicated to the god of the city
What is a famous ziggurat?
Tower of Babel
The political structure of ancient Mesopotamia was an early form of...
What led to the emergence of warriors as leaders? (Mesopotamia)
What was the basis of government in Mesopotamia?
What were the three main crops the Sumerians produced?
First city of the world is
Which civilization developed the trade system?
Who controlled land on behalf of gods?
Were the Sumerians successful in uniting lower Mesopotamia?
Who unified lower Mesopotamia first?
Sargon the Great
Who conquered the Akkadians?
After Akkad, who reunited Mesopotamia?
The Babylon economy was based on what two goods?
Wool/cloth and agriculture
What was hammurabis legacy?
His law code
Hammurabi received his authority from which god?
The Hammurabi code resembled the concept of..
'An eye for an eye'
What was one unfair thing about Hammurabi's law code?
Consequences for crimes depended on one's rank in society
Which city became an important trading and political centre?
In Assur, _____ dominated for 890 years until _______.
Alexander the Great
Who were the only ones who could read and write and served priests, record keepers, and accountants?
What is the first known work of great literature and epic poem?
A Mesopotamian king would consider himself as a living representative of a...
Ancient Egypt grew up along what river?
The Nile river was _________.
What structure did the Egyptians create to protect tombs from grave robbers?
What are the 3 eras of Ancient Egypt?
The Old Kingdom
The Middle Kingdom
The New Kingdom
The Old Kingdom was the...
Age of the pyramids
The Middle Kingdom was a time when...
Egypt expanded politically and economically
The New Kingdom was...
The Golden Age of Egypt
Why did Egypt become a powerful united nation?
Because they had a centrql government strong enough to command the country
Two parts of Egypt
Upper and lower
Which king is believed to be the first person to unit Egypt?
In the Old Kingdom, people came to view Pharaohs as...
How did the pharaohs show their power?
By creating pyramids
Who were the foreign rulers of Egypt in the Middle Kingdom?
What was the primary goal in Egypt?
Most important geographic influence on Egypt?
Name two other regions in Egypt besides the Nile Valley that were cultivated and settled.
The Nile Delta
What protected Egypt from outside invasion?
The Eastern and Western isolated desserts
What was Egypt's major outlet for trade?
The Mediterranean Sea
What was the key factor in the exchange of cultures?
The Egyptians measured time according to the...
Flooding of the Nile
Who is Horus?
The ancient Egyptian god of the sky
Who is Osiris?
The god of the dead
What did Isis represent?
Who was Anubis?
God of the afterlife
Which part of the body did Anubis weigh to grant entry into the afterlife?
In ancient Egypt, what 2 things did the gods and goddesses represent?
Natural characteristics and human characteristics
What was the Egyptian idea of the spirit and what were they used for?
: remained in the heart until after death, when the spirit and the body separated
: the personality or character of the individual
Comparisons between Mesopotamian and Egyptian religion
They were both polytheistic
They both believed that they must take their treasured possessions with them into the afterlife
In ancient egypt, elegant clothes were limited to...
The upper class
3 principal industries in ancient Egypt
The Nile allowed Egyptians to...
Share culture and trade items
Who was the first female Pharaoh?
What was the hierarchy/class structure of ancient Egypt?
Through which line were Pharaohs determined?
The female line (matrilineal descent)
The act of removing body hair, called sugaring, was reserved for who?
The upper class
What did noble women in ancient Egypt do for leisure?
Oversaw household and cared for children
3 legal rights women in Ancient Egypt had
They could own property
They could act as a judge
Ex-wives collected alimony
What did female workers do?
What are two similarities between the men and women of ancient.Egypt?
Both were paid the same wages and both hunted
Early Egyptian belief about the afterlife
Afterlife closely resembled the life that dwellers along the Nile.River enjoyed on earth
Where were the bodies of the dead preserved at first? (Egypt)
Low desert near the Nile
Who was Re?
Which god was associated with every living king in Ancient Egypt?
Which god was associated with every deceased king in Ancient Egypt?
The cycles of death and rebirth were _____ for the ________.
What was the most important goal for a non-royal Egyptian?
To become an akh (an equipped spirit)
-building tomb, storing treasure, having knowledge of the afterlife
The pharaohs were seen as descendants of which god
What is bureaucracy
Officials in the government appointed by the pharaoh
Who was the highest ranking official in Egypt and pharaohs deputy?
Who oversaw estates?
Who oversaw the daily affairs of the palace?
Who supervised the palace guards?
Who ruled each province in Egypt
How many provinces did Egypt have and what were they called officially
Laws of Egypt were not as extensive a code as that of _________.
When did Egyptian civilization reach its apex?
During the New Kingdon
How many women have ever ruled Egypt?
Which female pharaoh ruled longest?
Hatshepsut's reign has been decribed as...
Peaceful, stable, and prosperous
Who was Tuthmosis III?
Hatshepsut's stepson who ruled Egypt after her
What was evidence of wealth during Tuthmosis' reign?
The building activity
Egypt had a rep for...
Having one of the best trained armies in the Near East
One reason why invasions on Egypt were appealing
Twas a fertile country
Which pharaoh tried to reform Egyptian religion?
Akhenaton (previous name Amonhotep IV)
Which god did Akhenaton worship?
The first monotheist?
Akhenaton sucked because...
Refused to fill traditional role of the pharaoh
Was a butt
Who was king Tutankhamun and what did he do
He sought to restore stabilty of Egypt by halting religious revolution and reversing his father's changes
Who was Ramses II
Another king after Tut
What was the most significant factor in Egyptian culture and society?
Society whose existence is closely linked to nature
Who were the most important gods to the Egyptians?
Those responsible for creation
Who was Thoth?
Another god of the dead
What curriculum was offered in a scribal school in Egypt?
Who served in bureaucracy?
Important families like.nobles and.military leaders