Philosophy Relativism Criticism Rachel

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Author:
misol
ID:
258650
Filename:
Philosophy Relativism Criticism Rachel
Updated:
2014-02-03 20:33:49
Tags:
rachel relativism ethics
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Description:
rachels criticism to cultural relativism
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  1. definition of cultural relativism
    meta ethical
  2. 1st argument
    Conclusion doesn't follow the premise.
    • premise: different cultures have different moral codesĀ 
    • conclusion: therefore, there is no objective truth and morality

    logic is invalid. jackson is a mammal therefore jackson is a human
  3. 2nd argument
    If relativism is correct, there would be negative unacceptable consequences
    • A. we could not criticize another culture for something that is obviously wrong (ie slavery, segregation, etc)
    • B. we could not criticize our own culture for something that is obviously wrong (ie apartheid)
    • C. If relativism is correct, there would be no moral progress/change (ie womens right)
  4. 3rd Argument
    Cultures/society is not as different as they seem or appear
    differences in cultures due to: environment, religion, factual belief BUT share moral value

    ie greek burn dead, callatian eat dead, both do it as a respect for the dead
  5. 3 shared moral values society must have to exist at all
    • lying is wrong
    • don't murder
    • care and protect for the young
  6. What to learn from relativism
    tolerance and open mindedness
  7. arguments against relativism
    • 1. conclusion doesn't follow premiseĀ 
    • 2. if relativism is correct, there would be negative unacceptable consequences
    • 3. cultures/society is not as different as they seem or appear

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