chapter 1 456

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Hbottorff
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258683
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chapter 1 456
Updated:
2014-01-27 17:14:39
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anatomy
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  1. portion that contains the head, neck, and trunk
    axial portion
  2. cavity that house the brain
    cranial
  3. cavity that houses the spinal cord
    vertebral canal
  4. contains the LUNGS HEART ESOPHAGUS TRACHEA AND THYMUS GLAND
    thoracic cavity
  5. this separates the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
    the diaphragm
  6. the region between the lungs
    mediastinum
  7. contains the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity
    abdominopelvic cavity
  8. contains the stomach liver spleen gallbladder and the small and larger intestines
    abdominal cavity
  9. contains the end of the large intestine the urinary bladder and the internal reproductive organs
    pelvic cavity
  10. the portion with the LIMBS
    appendicular portion
  11. organs within body cavities
    viscera
  12. the five requirements for life are
    water, food, oxygen, heat, and pressure
  13. most abundant element in the body
    water
  14. aids in metabolic processes and acts as a medium for metabolic reactions
    water
  15. used to transport substances
    water
  16. helps regulate body temperature
    water
  17. substances that provide organisms with nutrients
    food
  18. the body uses this crucial element in the process of releasing energy from nutrients
    oxygen
  19. a form of energy used by the body also helps to regulate rates of metabolic reactions
    heat
  20. the bodys maintance of a stable environment
    homeostasis
  21. part of the components of homeostatic mechanism that provide information about specific conditions in the body
    receptors
  22. part of the components of homeostatic mechanism that provide analysis of information provided by the receptors, compares receptor input to SET POINT and then sends corrected signals to change it to normal if need be
    control centers
  23. homeostatic mechanism that cause responses that alter conditions in the internal environment. ex. change in diameter of blood vessels, sweating, etc.
    effectors
  24. this is the PRIMARY mechanism used in the homeostasis.
    negative feedback mechanism
  25. list the 5 items required by life
    water, food, oxygen, heat, pressure

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