HSP3U1 Unit 1 Anthropology Test

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HSP3U1 Unit 1 Anthropology Test
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2014-01-27 19:29:00
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  1. What are the three behavioural sciences?
    • Anthropology
    • Sociology
    • Psychology
  2. What is anthropology?
    Deals with PHYSICAL and CULTURAL origins
  3. What is sociology?
    Study societal factors
  4. What is psychology
    Studies behavior of the individual
  5. what are the five processes of inquiry
    • Identifying problems
    • Develop a hypothesis
    • Gather data
    • Analyze data
    • Conclusion
  6. What are the five ways to gather data
    • Natural Observation
    • Conducting a survey
    • Experimenting
    • Interview
    • Consulting Records
  7. What are the subfields of anthropology (6)
    • PHYSICAL
    • Biology
    • Primatology
    • Forensic

    • CULTURAL
    • Ethnology
    • Linguistic
    • Archaeology
  8. How have woman influence psychology
    • Post 1980s women were tested on
    • Now psychology is dominantly woman
  9. What is Pavlov's theory of association
    Classic conditioning
  10. What is classic conditioning
    Ivan Pavlov did an experiment with his dog

    • BEFORE CONDITIONING
    • 1. He rang bell (unconditioned stimulus) Dog does not respond (unconditioned response)
    • 2. Shows dog food (unconditioned stimulus), dog sees food, drools (unconditioned response)

    • DURING CONDITIONING
    • repeat step 1

    • AFTER CONDITIONING
    • 1. Rang bell (conditioned stimulus), dog drools (conditioned response)
  11. What is operant conditioning
    • B.F. Skinner placed a rat in a cage. He runs around. When he hits a bar he gets good. At first rat doesn't care. After a while rat realizes that if it hits var it gets food (reward) and associated bar with good.
    • Later bar = electrocution and rat associates it
  12. Who developed operant conditioning
    B.F. Skinner
  13. Who developed classical conditioning
    Ivan Pavlov
  14. Differences between classical conditioning and operand conditioning
    • Operant conditioning requires the subject to operate in environment
    • Operand conditioning has subject learn on its own
  15. In B.F Skinner's experiment, what was the bar pressing?
    Operant behavior
  16. In B.F Skinner's experiment, what was the food?
    Positive reinforcement
  17. In B.F Skinner's experiment, what was the shock?
    Negative reinforcement
  18. What was Freud's mind theory?
    There are three levels of our mind: ego, id, and super ego
  19. What is conscious and what's unconscious in Freud's theory?
    • Conscious - ego
    • Unconscious - id, super ego
  20. What is the ego?
    Mediates id and super ego, makes final decision
  21. What is the id?
    Little devil, wants pleasure in food, sleep, and sex in abundance, impulsive
  22. What is the superego?
    Little angel, encourages you to do the right thing
  23. What's a Freudian slip?
    Calling someone you like - id telling ego to listen
  24. What's an ulterior motive
    Freud believed most of us had one but aren't aware of it because they're in the id)
  25. What are the five stages of Freud's Personal Development
    • Oral
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency
    • Genital
  26. What is the oral stage?
    • Up to 18 months
    • Babies put things in their mouth - let them or they will over eat, smoke, and be dependent on mum
  27. What is the anal stage?
    • 18 months and three years
    • Be proud of poop or they'll be anal
  28. What is the phallic stage
    • 2-6
    • Son likes mum, Oedipus complex, son is afraid of dad because he is big so he acts like his father. Develops super ego
  29. What is the latency stage
    • 6-puberty
    • COOTIES
  30. What is the genital stage
    • 12
    • Struggle in id, increases sexual energy
  31. What are the three criticisms of Freud's theories
    • Too asexual
    • Focused on youth
    • Based on females with mental illnesses
  32. Who developed the ego, id, and superego?
    Sigmund Freud
  33. Who is the father of psychology?
    Sigmund Freud
  34. Who creates the Cognitive Development theory?
    Jean Piaget
  35. What did Jean Piaget create?
    Cognitive Development Theory
  36. What did Jean Piaget believe?
    Children learn by themselves cognitively
  37. What is stage one of Piaget's theory
    Sensory Motor
  38. What is the sensory motor stage? (Piaget)
    Baby begins to develop reflexive and primitive thought; improves senses and motor skills
  39. What is stage two of Piaget's theory
    Preoperational stage
  40. What happens in the preoperational stage (Piaget)
    • Develops language and numbers
    • Ego centric
  41. What is stage three of Piaget's theory
    The concrete observational stage
  42. What is the concrete operational stage?
    • Problem solving
    • Understands revers ability
    • Sorts to realize it belongs in more than one category
  43. What is stage four of Piaget's theory
    Formal operational stage
  44. What is the formal operational stage (Piaget)
    Systematic analyzation and solving problems
  45. Similarities and differences with chimpanzees
    • SIMILARITIES
    • Uses tools
    • Walks on two legs
    • Hierarchal
    • Alpha male
    • Feels emotions
    • Fights for power
    • Capable of conflict

    • DIFFERENCES
    • Chimps walk on hands
    • Appearance
    • Communication
  46. What confirmed Anna Anderson to be Anastasia
    • Same handwriting
    • Relative recognizes her
    • Same ear
  47. What didn't confirm Anna Anderson to be Anastasia
    • Found mumbling in Polish
    • DNA
    • Couldn't figure out layout of palace
  48. What do the Pendang women do to their necks
    Solid rings - goal is 32
  49. What do women in China do to their feet
    Bind them
  50. Women of Ethiopia draw attention to their lips by
    inserting a queen sized platea
  51. What do women in Cameroon do to emphasize their child birth abilities
    Pad their pelvics
  52. Why did the custom of short hair for men occur?
    Harder to grab in war
  53. In Middle Eastern countries, women have to cover
    Everything except eyes
  54. Two universal appeals are
    Youth and health
  55. How many days do men spend shaving
    106
  56. What are the seven subfields of psychology
    • Biological
    • Psycho analytical
    • Behavioral
    • Cognitive
    • Humanistic
    • Evolutionary
    • Socioculture
  57. What is Erik Erikson's theory?
    Psycho Social development; how family shapes people from infancy to adulthood
  58. What are the eight stages of Erik Erikson's theory
    • STAGE ONE: trust vs mistrust
    • STAGE TWO: autonomy
    • STAGE THREE: initiative vs guilt
    • STAGE FOUR: industry vs inferiority
    • STAGE FIVE: identity vs role confusion
    • STAGE SIX: intimacy vs isolation
    • STAGE SEVEN: generativity vs stagnation
    • STAGE EIGHT: integrity vs despair
  59. What are Kohlberg's stages of moral reasoning?
    • Punishment and Obedience orientation
    • Individualism and purpose
    • Interpersonal norms
    • Law and order orientation
    • Community rights vs individual rights
    • Universal ethical principals
  60. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
    • Physical
    • Safety
    • Belonging
    • Self Esteem
    • Self Actualization
  61. What is self actualization?
    Personal growth and fulfillment, non conformist, socially compassionate, seeks no rewards
  62. What's the grumble theory
    Never satisfied with what u have
  63. What are criticisms on Kohlberg's theories
    • Tested on males
    • Lies
    • Farfetch'd

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