it14spr101.20dc1t1 2 3.txt

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aphy101
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258691
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it14spr101.20dc1t1 2 3.txt
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2014-01-27 17:39:45
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profmwinston
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Ch 1 Topics 1-3
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  1. ´╗┐The study of structure of body parts including their forms and organization.
    Anatomy
  2. The study of function of body parts.
    Physiology
  3. The first level of organization is the smallest chemical structure and is comprised of subatomic particles. (ex: hydrogen, lithium)
    Atom
  4. The second level of organization that is comprised of atoms. (ex: water, glucose)
    Molecule
  5. The third level of organization that is comprised of molecules. (ex: proteins, DNA)
    Macromolecule
  6. The fourth level of organization that is comprised of macromolecules, and is a structure that carries on specific activities. (ex: mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, nuclei)
    Organelle
  7. The fifth level of organization that is comprised of organelles, and is the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms. (ex: muscle _____, nerve _____)
    Cell
  8. The sixth level of organization that is comprised of cells, which assemble into layers that have specific functions. (ex: simple squamous epithelium, loose connective _____)
    Tissue
  9. The seventh level of organization that is comprised of tissues, and is a complex structure with specialized functions. (ex: skin, femur, heart, and kidney)
    Organ
  10. The eighth level of organization that is comprised of organs, which function closely together in a group. (ex: skeletal _____, digestive _____, integumentary _____)
    Organ System
  11. The ninth and final level of organization is comprised of organ systems, which interact with each other. (ex: the _____ studied in this class is the human)
    Organism
  12. What characteristic of life is a change in position of the body or body part; motion of an internal organ?
    Movement
  13. What characteristic of life is a reaction to a change inside or outside of the body?
    Responsiveness
  14. What characteristic of life is an increase in body size?
    Growth
  15. What characteristic of life is the production of new organisms and new cells?
    Reproduction
  16. What characteristic of life is the process of obtaining oxygen, removing carbon dioxide, and releasing energy from foods?
    Respiration
  17. What characteristic of life is the breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be absorbed and used?
    Digestion
  18. What characteristic of life is the passage of substances through membranes and into body fluids?
    Absorption
  19. What characteristic of life is the movement of substances in body fluids?
    Circulation
  20. What characteristic of life is the changing of absorbed substances into chemically different forms?
    Assimilation
  21. What characteristic of life is the removal of wastes produced by metabolic reactions?
    Excretion
  22. The sum of all physical and chemical events that obtain, release, and utilize energy is called what?
    Metabolism

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