it14spr101.20dc1t4 5 6.txt

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Author:
aphy101
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258692
Filename:
it14spr101.20dc1t4 5 6.txt
Updated:
2014-01-27 17:43:18
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profmwinston
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Description:
Ch 1 Topics 4-6
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  1. This portion of the body is the upper and lower limbs.
    Appendicular
  2. This portion of the body is the head, neck and trunk.
    Axial
  3. The organs within body cavities are called what?
    Viscera
  4. What cavity contains the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland; and is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm?
    Thoracic Cavity
  5. The space between the parietal and visceral membranes is called what?
    Pleural Cavity
  6. What is the region between the lungs that contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland?
    Mediastinum
  7. The space between the visceral pericardium (epicardium) and the parietal pericardium is called what?
    Pericardial Cavity
  8. What cavity extends from the diaphragm to the floor of the pelvis; and includes the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, small and large intestines, bladder, and internal reproductive organs?
    Abdominopelvic Cavity
  9. What cavity includes the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and the small and large intestines?
    Abdominal Cavity
  10. What cavity includes the end of the large intestine, urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs?
    Pelvic Cavity
  11. Which cavity houses the spinal cord?
    Vertebral Cavity
  12. This requirement of life is the most abundant element in the body, and is used for metabolic processes, to transport substances, and to regulate body temperature.
    Water
  13. This requirement of life provides organisms with nutrients that supply energy and raw materials for building new living matter.
    Food
  14. This requirement of life is used by the body to release energy from nutrients.
    Oxygen
  15. This requirement of life is a form of energy that helps control the rate of metabolic reactions.
    Heat
  16. This requirement of life is the application of force on an object, and is important for breathing.
    Pressure
  17. The body's maintaining of a "stable internal environment" is known as what?
    Homeostasis
  18. The first part of a homeostatic mechanism that provides information about specific conditions in the body.
    Receptor
  19. The second part of homeostatic mechanism that analyzes the information, compares it to normal "set point", and sends signals to correct the change from the set point.
    Control Center
  20. The third part of a homeostatic mechanism that causes responses that change conditions in the internal environment.
    Effector
  21. This is the primary mechanism used in homeostasis; a deviation from the set point is corrected and the correction reduces the action of the effectors.
    Negative Feedback
  22. This is an infrequent and short-term mechanism in homeostasis; accelerates the actions of the body and adds to or continues the change.
    Positive Feedback

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