it14spr101.20dc1t7 8 9.txt

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aphy101
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258693
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it14spr101.20dc1t7 8 9.txt
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2014-01-27 17:46:23
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profmwinston
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Ch 1 Topics 7-9
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  1. What line the walls of the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities and fold back to cover the organs within them?
    Serous Membranes
  2. This is the inner layer of the serous membrane that is in direct contact with and lines the organs.
    Visceral Layer
  3. This is the outer layer of the serous membrane that lives the cavity in which the organ is found.
    Parietal Layer
  4. This is the slippery fluid between the two layers of membranes; its function is to reduce friction during movement of the organs.
    Serous Fluid
  5. The lung serous membranes are known as what?
    Pleural Membranes
  6. This serous membrane lines the cavity in which the lungs are found.
    Parietal Pleura
  7. This serous membrane is in direct contact with and lines the lungs.
    Visceral Pleura
  8. This is the potential space between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura.
    Pleural Cavity
  9. The heart serous membranes are known as what?
    Pericardial Membranes
  10. This serous membrane is in direct contact with and lines the heart's surface.
    Visceral Pericardium
  11. This serous membrane lines the cavity in which the heart is found.
    Parietal Pericardium
  12. This is the potential space between the pericardial membranes.
    Pericardial Cavity
  13. The abdominopelvic viscera membranes are known as what?
    Peritoneal Membranes
  14. This serous membrane is in direct contact with and lines viscera.
    Visceral Peritoneum
  15. This serous membrane lines the cavity in which the viscera are found.
    Parietal Peritoneum
  16. This is the potential space between the peritoneal membranes.
    Peritoneal Cavity
  17. This organ system consists of skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands; its functions are to protect underlying tissues, regulate body temperature, and house sensory receptors.
    Integumentary System
  18. This organ system consists of bones, ligaments, and cartilage; its functions are to provide framework, attachments for muscles, protect organs, produce blood cells, and store inorganic salts.
    Skeletal System
  19. This organ system consists of the muscles in the body; its functions are to move body parts, maintain posture, and produce body heat.
    Muscle System
  20. This organ system consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs; its functions are to receive impulses from sensory parts, interpret sensory impulses, and act on sensory impulses by activating muscles or glands.
    Nervous System
  21. This organ system consists of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal gland, and thymus gland; its function is to produce hormones that regulate metabolism by stimulating target issues.
    Endocrine System
  22. This organ system consists of the heart and blood vessels; its functions are to pump blood and carry it to and from body parts, the blood transports oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and wastes.
    Cardiovascular System
  23. This organ system consists of lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, and spleen; its functions are to transport lymph from tissue spaces to the bloodstream, carry certain fatty substances away from digestive organs, lymphocytes defend the body against disease-causing agents.
    Lymphatic System
  24. This organ system consists of mouth, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine; its functions are to receive food, break down nutrients into forms that can pass through cell membranes, and eliminate materials that aren't absorbed.
    Digestive System
  25. This organ system consists of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs; its functions are to take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide, exchange gases between the blood and the air, and maintain acid base balance.
    Respiratory System
  26. This organ system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra; its functions are to filter wastes from the blood, maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, and maintain pH balance.
    Urinary System
  27. This organ system contains male and female reproductive organs; its functions are to produce, maintain, and transport sex cells, the female system also houses developing offspring.
    Reproductive System
  28. What is described as standing erect, with face forward, upper limbs at sides, and palms facing forward?
    Anatomical Position
  29. Above another body part (the eyes are ______ to the mouth)
    Superior
  30. Below another body part (the umbilicus is ______ to the sternum)
    Inferior
  31. Toward the front (the sternum is ______ to the spinal cord)
    Anterior
  32. Toward the back (the heart is ______ to the sternum)
    Posterior
  33. Closer to the midline of the body (the sternum is ______ to the nipple)
    Medial
  34. Closer to the sides of the body (the lungs are ______ to the heart)
    Lateral
  35. The same side (certain spinal cord tracts travel ______ to the spinal cord)
    Ipsilateral
  36. The opposite side (the kidneys are ______ )
    Contralateral
  37. Closer to a specific point (the elbow is ______ to the wrist)
    Proximal
  38. Farther away from a specific point (the fingers are ______ to the elbow)
    Distal
  39. Closer to the surface of the body (a scrape on the skin would be ______ )
    Superficial
  40. More internal (a stab wound be ______ )
    Deep

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