Chapter 27-28 Test

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  1. Causes of American Imperialism
    Need for a foreign market, yellow journalism, missionaries, international darwinism, jigoism, growth of the navy, international plundering of Africa & Asia, fear of being lost,
  2. Commercial/Business Interests
    • $1869: $100 million
    • 1908: $2.5 billion
  3. Missionaries to China
    In 1905 we sent our first missonaries to China.
  4. Reverend Josiah Strong
    Theory; anglo saxon civilization is superior. Need to spread American religion and values.
  5. Social Darwinist Thinking
  6. “White Man’s Burden”
    The white society has the duty to go out an make other country’s lives better
  7. Henry Cabot Lodge
    Said the Earth belonged to the strong and fit
  8. *Captain Alfred Thayer
    Said that a nation’s greatness is measured by its naval power; book, The influence of Sea Power on History
  9. *“Big Sister” policy
    The US would protect and intervene on behalf of Latin American nations
  10. Pan American Conference of 1889
    All “American” nations met
  11. Background/reasons to get Hawaii:
    Way station for shippers, sailors and whalers
  12. Queen L of Hawaii views on annexation
    Opposed it and was put on house arrest, AKA “lock down”
  13. Cleveland’s Response:
    Believed Hawaiians had been wrong and opposed annexation
  14. Cubans Rise in Revolt against Spanish domination
  15. Reasons for Cuba’s Revolt Against Spain:
  16. Hearst’s Comment:
    “You supply the pictures, I’ll supply the war”
  17. Reconcentration:
    Spanish rebels put into concentration camps
  18. DeLome Letter:
    Spanish Ambassador to the US who criticized President McKinley as a “would be” politician
  19. *Maine Explosion/Jingo: The American ship, Maine, blew up in Spanish harbor. The jingos called for war with this jingle “Remember the Maine, to hell with Spain”
  20. Reasons to support Revolution in Cuba: the Maine, Yellow journalism, reconcentration camps, Spanish misrule threatened freedom of the Gulf of Mexico and Panama Canal (being constructed by France), sympathy for the Cuban patriots
  21. 21. Spanish American War Dates: 1898
  22. 22. Teller Amendment : Congress promises Cuba freedom after the war
  23. 23. U.S. annexed Hawaii
  24. 24. US Navy in Cuba: blocks Spanish ships in Cuban Harbor
  25. 25. *The “Rough Riders” were volunteer soldiers recruited by Teddy Roosevelt and led by Colonel Leonard Wood.
  26. 26. San Juan Hill: Rough riders led the charge to take this area
  27. 27. Puerto Rico: also taken from Spain and wish their freedom
  28. 28. Peace Treaty with Spain and Results: Got several nations including Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Cuba
  29. 29. Battle of Manila Bay: Commander Dewey takes this bay destroying nearly all of Spanish fleet
    30. Commodore George Dewey/US Navy: proves US naval power at Manila Bay
  30. 31. Pact of Paris: US gets Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines
  31. 32. The Anti-Imperialist League: against imperialism because of rising power and large costs of war and that this goes against ideals in Declaration of Independence which were against colonialism
  32. 33. *The Foraker Act of 1900: Puerto Rico becomes a US territory and keeps freedom
  33. 34. Insular Cases: confirmed that Constitutional rights do not extend to territories
  34. 35. Reed and Gorgas: discovered cause of yellow fever and helped develop vaccine
  35. 36. *Platt Amendment: Cuba cannot make agreements with other countries to put independence in danger, has to let us have Guantanamo Bay for naval station, cannot build up excessive debt, US can intervene to help maintain efficient, independent government
  36. 37. Filipino insurrection: led by Auguinaldo, once our ally. He was captured after a brief fight.
  37. 38. Philippine governor and improvements: Taft became governor and built roads and schools and improved sanitation
  38. 39. *Open Door note: US wants China to remain “open” to missionaries and also open as a market and not be colonized by other nations
  39. 40. *Boxer Rebellion causes and results: caused by a secret society trying to drive out imperialists in China. All the powerful nations, Russia, England, and US united against the rebels and won. Called boxers because of their martial arts skills
  40. *Open Door Note:
    reissued after the Boxer rebllion by the US and China remains open for missionaries and for marketing
  41. 9 Power Treaty:
    Designed to protect China’s terriroty and nullified when Japan attached Manchuria
  42. Election of 1900:
    McKinley v. Bryan; McKinley wins but is assassinated in 1901 by an anarchist
  43. First Modern President/Characteristics of TR: militaristic, moralizers, reformer, very charismatic
  44. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty:
    US got rights to build Panama canal and paid Columbia $10 million for a 6 mile zone and $250,000 annually.
  45. Revolution in Panama:
    Rise up against Columbia. With US intervention, Panama becomes independent.
  46. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty:
    $10 million to Panama, Annual payment of $250,000 with a canal zone of 10 miles.
  47. Goods and Bads in Canal Building in Panama:
    Save 8,000 in travel; strained relationships with Latin America and lost of people died building the canal because of accidents, poor sanitation, yellow fever
  48. *Roosevelt Corollary/“Bad Neighbor” policy:
    Extends the Monroe Doctrine and says US will use military force to prevent European interference. Causes a lot of distrust.
  49. Treaty of Portsmouth:
    Made between Japan and Russia when Japan attacked Manchuria. Roosevelt negotitated the treaty which splits the provinces in Mancharia between the two nations.
  50. Nobel Peace Prize in 1906:
    Awarded to Roosevelt for Portsmouth Treaty
  51. Gentlemen’s Agreement:
    TR gets Japan to discourage immigration in exchange for ordering classes for Asians in DC
  52. The Root-Takahira Agreement:
    Extended the Gentlemen’s agreement saying US could exclude Japanese Immigrants and Japan could deny passports to laborers entering the US
  53. US Navy/Great White Fleet:
    16 modern battle ships ready for “a feast, a frolic, or a fight.”
  54. Progressive Roots
    Modern society is too complex for simple government, muckrakers, socialists, social gosepel, feminists.
  55. Thorstein Veblen
    Wrote Theory of the Leisure Class attacking the wealth of people who preyed upon the poor.
  56. *Jacob A. Riis
    Documented NY slums with photography in How the Other Half Lives.
  57. *Muckrakers
    Writers who exposed wrongs in business and society.
  58. Feminists
    Fought for women’s voting rights and equality.
  59. Ida M. Tarbell
    Wrote about Standard Oil.
  60. Progressive Reformers/Goals
    Curb trusts and improve lives of common people.
  61. Political Reforms
    Direct primary elections, initiative to let people suggest and vote on proposed legislation, recall or remove public officials, direct election of senators.
  62. *17th Amendment
    Direct election of senators
  63. City Reformers
    Using commissions to manage cities and counties.
  64. Robert M. La Follette
    Progressive who got lumber and railroad companies to stop controlling government in Wisconsin and also regulated public utilities
  65. Suffrage Struggles
    • Still struggling to get the vote and seen as too manly.
    • Muller vs. Oregon (1908)
    • Laws protecting women workers are constitutional.
  66. *Lochner vs. New York
    No ten hour day for bakers.
  67. *Triangle Shirtwaist Company in NYC
    Bad place to work because of violations of the fire code and locking the doors during work. During a fire, 146 women died.
  68. *Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU): led by Francis E. Willard and 1 million women still trying to get America to sober up.
  69. 18th Amendment
    No alcohol sales in the US.
  70. *Square Deal/3 C’s: control of corporations, consumer protection, and conservation.
  71. 1902 Mine Strike Results
    Pennsylvania coal company won’t negotiation with strikers. TJ intervenes telling owners he will take over if they don’t solve it.
  72. Department of Commerce and Labor
    Created to help with labor and owner issues.
  73. *Elkins Act
    Heavy fines for RR rebates.
  74. The Hepburn Act
    Free passes and bribery restricted.
  75. *Interstate Commerce Commission: power to nullify existing rates and set maximum rates.
  76. TR’s Trust Numbers Busted
    40 trusts broken up.
  77. Good vs. Bad Trusts
    Big trusts are not all bad, but those that abuse their power and hold the consumer at their mercy are and must be broken up.
  78. Northern Securities Company
    Held monopoly of Northeast railroads and was disbanded.
  79. Upton Sinclair’s Jungle
    Exposed problems with the meat industry.
  80. *Meat Inspection Act
    Provided a rating system for meat and inspection of processing plants.
  81. *Pure Food and Drug Act
    Prevented mislabeling of food and drugs and also cleaned up the food industry.
  82. Desert Land Act of 1877
    Could buy land cheap if it was irrigated in 3 years.
  83. Forest Reserve Act of 1891L
    Set aside public forests as national parks.
  84. John Muir
    Explored Yellowstone and helped it become a state park.
  85. *The Newlands Act of 1902
    Collected money from public lands in west and used them for irrigation projects
  86. Boy Scouts of America and the Sierra Club
    Preserves wilderness in the west STILL TODAY
  87. Panic of 1907 Cause
    If you don’t know it by now, you’ll never know it.
  88. Aldrich-Vreeland Act
    National banks could issue emergency currency.
  89. Trust Buster
  90. Standard Oil
    Rockefeller’s huge company is broken up into many smaller ones because it held a 99% monopoly on oil.
  91. US Steel
    Not broken up because the US needed steel supplies and JP Morgan had loaned us money.
  92. 1908 Election/Legacy of TR
    Conservation and regulation.
  93. *Dollar Diplomacy
    Promoting US foreign policy or control of smaller governments through money.
  94. *Payne-Aldrich Bill
    Reduced the tariff which was considered “the mother of all trusts.”
  95. Ballinger-Pinchot quarrel of 1910
    Secretary of Interior Ballinger opened up western lands to public sale. Pinchot disagreed and Taft fired Pinchot for insubordination.
  96. Division of Republican Party
    Roosevelt disagreed with Taft’s policies and divides the Republican Party. He creates a new party called the Bull Moose Party.
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Chapter 27-28 Test
2014-02-05 01:34:20
Chapter 27-28 APUSH Test Review
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