PSY 201 Ch1 Set B (Specialization and Diversity)

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PSY 201 Ch1 Set B (Specialization and Diversity)
2014-01-27 23:51:38
into psych

2nd set of chapter 1
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  1. Areas of Specialization
    Clinical psychology, counseling psychology, comparative, psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, school psychology, experimental psychology, industrial/organizational psychology, personality psychology, social psychology, biological/physiological psychologists, quantitative psychologists
  2. clinical psychology
    diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders; examine abnormal behavior; will research the causes of behaviors and treatment effectiveness
  3. counseling psychology
    personal adjustment issues; everyday living problems: lost job, divorce, new school, etc.; career planning and interest learning
  4. comparative psychology
    nonhuman species in laboratory and natural environment; animal behavior; evolutionary processes
  5. developmental psychology
    patterns of growth and change; physical, social, emotional and mental changes over lifespan
  6. lifespan
    lifespan starts at conception, ends with death (womb-tomb)
  7. educational psychology (basic research)
    psychology aspects of the educational process; apply results to improving teaching; conduct research on curriculum; instructional effectiveness and teacher training
  8. school psychology (applied research)
    diagnose students' academic problems; testing (IQ); work with individuals and teachers; improve student performance
  9. experimental psychology
    basic research (for basic knowledge); research on basic processes of: learning, perception, motivation and memory
  10. industrial/organizational psychology (I/O)
    examination of behavior in work settings; work motivation and job satisfaction; development of tests to select job applicants; human factors and machines
  11. personality psychology
    study individual differences in personality and their effects on behavior; traits and characteristics; development of personality tests
  12. social psychology
    examination of the social environment; presence of others on an individual's behavior, thoughts, feelings
  13. biological/physiological psychologists
    neuro-behavioral psychologists; looks at biological factors in behavior and mental processes (mind-body relationship); map parts of brain active when problem solving
  14. quantitative psychologists
    focus most of their energy on: developing and applying mathematical methods for summarizing and analyzing data; create mathematical models or formulas to describe complex behavior
  15. Human Diversity in psychology (past)
    most psychologists were white, middle class men
  16. Human Diversity in psychology (now)
    Diversity changed over time; women now constitute almost 60% with a Ph.D. in psychology
  17. Mary Whiton Calkins
    research on memory; studied psychology at Harvard, she refused the degree at Radcliffe (affiliated school for women) because Harvard wouldn't give her degree; Became 1st woman president of APA.
  18. Margaret Washburn
    Encountered similar sex discrimination; went to Colombia University; 1st woman to get Ph.D. in psychology; 2nd female president of APA
  19. Gilbert Haven Jones
    One of the 1st African-Americans to earn a doctorate in psychology; from University of Jena in Germany; First AA to publish research in MAJOR journal
  20. Francis Cecil Sumner
    First African-American to receive Ph.D. in psychology from an American University; Clark University (G. Stanley Hall)