AP English Literary Elements

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  1. alliteration
    same letter, consonant sound, or sound group
  2. allusion
    reference to another work
  3. assonance
    resemblance of sounds (reticent, penitent)
  4. anaphora
    repetition of the same word/phrase at the beginning of the sentence
  5. antithesis
    opposites used to emphasize meaning
  6. aphorism
    brief statement of a principle/truth
  7. appeal to authority
    fallacy - appeals to the respect people have for a famous person/institution
  8. appeal to emotion
    fallacy - play on audience's emotion
  9. appeal to logic
    fallacy - it's logical
  10. claim
    thesis; what you want the reader to believe
  11. catharsis
    sense of hope/completion at the end of a work
  12. diction
    word choice
  13. figurative language
    language not to be taken literally
  14. genre
    category of literature
  15. imagery
    use of rhetorical images
  16. inference
    act of inferring (to dreive by reasoning)
  17. invective
    language that attacks a person; intentionally mean; provoking
  18. dramatic irony
    reader knows more than characters
  19. situational irony
    opposite of what is expected happens
  20. verbal irony
    state the opposite of what is meant
  21. litote
    negative understatement for emphasis
  22. loose sentence
    main clause 1st
  23. metaphor
    symbolism using something as something else
  24. metonymy
    figure of speech - something closely associated to object used to represent it
  25. mood
    emotion of the text to a reader
  26. onomatopoeia
    word based on sound
  27. oxymoron
    figure of speech based on contradiction (jumbo shrimp)
  28. paradox
    statement that seems contradictory but possesses truth
  29. periodic sentence
    main clause at the end (rambles)
  30. personification
    giving human traits to nonhuman beings
  31. rebuttal
    acknowledgement of opponant's views
  32. rhetoric
    exaggeration, overuse of speech; speech that pretends to have meaning but lacks any
  33. rhetorical question
    question that doesn't need answered
  34. satire
    use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, in denouncing something
  35. similie
    symbolism comparing things using like/as
  36. symbolism
    use of symbols
  37. synecdoche
    part of the thing is used to represent the whole
  38. syntax
    the grammatical arrangements of sentences/paragraphs
  39. theme
    unifying idea of a work
  40. tone
    author's attitude in story (derived from voice)
  41. voice
    author's style of writing
  42. repitition
    restating using the same words (chorus in music)
  43. inversion
    placing sentence elements out of normal position
  44. fallacy
    error in reasoning
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AP English Literary Elements
2014-01-28 15:36:15
English Literary Elements

AP English Literary Elements
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