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What is character?
- Character can be revealed through the character's actions, speech, and appearance.
- It can also be revealed by the comments of other characters and of the author.
What is a flat character?
not fully developed; we know only one side of the character.
ex. McDuff's son in Macbeth
What is a round character?
fully developed, with many traits---bad and good----shown in the story.
ex. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth
What is a static character?
one who does not experience a basic character change during the course of the story.
What is a dynamic character?
one who experiences a basic change in character through the events of the story.
ex. Macbeth, Macduff, Banquo
What is plot?
the sequence of events which involves the characters in conflict.
What is narrative order?
the sequence of events
What is conflict?
the struggle between the protagonist and an opposing force
What are the types of Conflict?
Internal and External
What are the types of internal Conflict?
What are the types of external conflict?
- Man against Man
- Man against Society
- Man against nature
- Man against fate
What is included in setting?
place and time period
What is an integral setting?
- essential to plot
- influences action, character, or theme
What is backdrop setting?
relatively unimportant to the plot
What is theme?
- underlying meaning of the story
- a universal truth
- significant statement
- society, human nature, or the human condition
What is style?
the language used in a book, the way the words are put together to create the story.
What are the devices of style?
imagery and figurative language
What is imagery?
an appeal to any of the senses--taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell.
What is figurative language?
uses words in a nonliteral way, giving them a meaning beyond their ordinary one.
What are some examples of figurative language?
What are sound devices?
What is a pun?
a play on words
What is a hyperbole?
What is an allusion?
an indirect reference to something outside of the work that everyone should understand
What is a symbol?
something--a person, object, situation, or action--which operates on two levels, the literal and the symbolic
What is tone?
the author's attitude toward what he or she writes.
Which is the easiest to recognize?
- recognition adjectives:
- humorous, mysterious, creepy, straight-forward, matter-of-fact, exciting, boring, etc.