Chapter 8 Test Review Earthquakes

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Chapter 8 Test Review Earthquakes
2014-01-28 11:57:42
Chapter Test review

Chapter 8 Test Review
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  1. What are the 3 kinds of faults?
    • normal fault
    • reverse fault
    • strike-slip fault
  2. What kind of deformation leads to earthquakes?
    elastic deformation
  3. The waves of energy from earthquakes that travel through Earth are called______________
    seismic waves
  4. Where is the epicenter of an Earthquake located?
    directly above the earthquake's focus
  5. The branch of science that studies earthquakes is called___________________
  6. the beginning point of an earthquake is called it's_____________
  7. waves known as secondary or shear waves  are what type of body wave?
    S waves
  8. What should you do if you are riding in a car when an earthquake occurs?
    stop the car and stay inside!
  9. The mass damper, cross brace, and base isolators are examples of__________________
    technology used to construct earthquake-resistant buildings
  10. One way to forecast earthquakes in a place is to observe their past__________________
    strength and frequency
  11. A measure of how likely an area is to experience an earthquake is its______________
    earthquake-hazard level
  12. The intensity of an earthquake is partially determined by the _________________
    amount of damage it causes
  13. What scale is used to measure the strength of an earthquake?
    Richter Scale
  14. The strength of an earthquake is determined by the ___________
    amount of ground motion
  15. a recorder of seismic waves
  16. A method used to find an earthquake's epicenter
    S-P time method
  17. An area where few earthquakes have happened but probably will in the future
    Seismic gap
  18. A theory that a major earthquake is likely to occur along a fault where no earthquakes have occurred recently
    Gap hypothesis
  19. weaker earthquakes that follow stronger earthquakes
  20. a recorder of seismic waves
  21. Use in tracing of earthquake motion
  22. the snapping back of deformed rock to its previous shape
    Elastic rebound
  23. Which waves are always the first waves to arrive?
    P waves
  24. the change in the shape of rock in response to stress
  25. Most earthquakes occur along the edges of _______________
    tectonic plates