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What is the case of Jimmie G ?
- Could not remember anything since his early 20's
- Unable to form lasting memory
- When talked about Navy he switched to Navy as Present tense
- Could not look at a mirror and could not remember anything after Navy experience
What is an amazingly intricate network of neurons ?
What is cells that receive and transmit electrochemical signals ?
What is Neuroscience the scientific study of ?
What is Bio-psychology the scientific study of ?
- Biology of Behavior
- Looking at psychology from a biological perspective
What are the Four Major Themes of the Book ?
- Thinking Creatively about Biopsychology
- Clinical Implications
- The Evolutionary Perspective
Biopsychology is what ?
- Knowledge acquired through observation
What are the two Biological Perspectives ?
What does the perspective Mind-Body Dualism concerned with ?
- Rene Descartes
- Mind = spiritual entity
- Mind cannot be studied - too complex
What does the perspective Monism concerned with ?
- Mind and body are one
- Mental events are a product of physical events
Who is Luigi Galvani and what did he accomplish and support ?
- Severed leg of frog - moved when electrical current was passed through it
- Discovered electrical nature of nerve conduction
- Support of monism
What is the Localization Issue ?
- Different parts of the brain conduct different parts
- BAD - lead to Phenology (measure of bumps on head)
- Patients included: Phineas Gage, Broca
Who is the Canadian Psychologist who is the author of The Organization of Behavior and brought psychology to become important ?
What did D.O. Hebb accomplish ?
- Discredit notion that phrenology
- Based theory on: humans, lab animals. case studies, observation of his own daily life
- Depending on how you use your neurons is how they strengthen or weaken
What is the study of structures of the nervous system ?
What is the study of chemical basis of neural activity ?
What is the study of interactions between the nervous system and his endocrine system ?
What is the study of the nervous system disorders ?
What is the study of the effects of drug on neural activity ?
What is the study of functions and activities of the nervous system ?
What are the three dimensions along Biopsychological Research ?
- Types of Research
What are two examples of Subjects
What are two examples of Methods ?
What are two types of Research ?
What is conducted for the purpose of acquiring knowledge ?
What is intended to bring about some direct benefit to humankind ?
What are advantages to Human Subjects ?
- Applied to humans
- Ask subjective experience
- Follow instructions
What are advantages to Nonhuman Subjects ?
- Fewer ethical restrictions
- Simple brain
- Brain-behavior interactions
- Comparitive approach to other species
What are different committees of animal care ?
- Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC)
- Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA)
- University Animal Care Committee (ACVS)
What do the ethics in animal research provide ?
- Human care & treatment
- Minimize the pain & discomfort
What involves the manipulation of variables ?
What involves the researcher does not control the variables of interest ?
What involves real life experiences and have conditions ?
What involves a person who has unique characteristics & is studied in depth ?
What are two types of experimental techniques done in experiments ?
What involves if different subjects are tested in each condition ?
What involves if the same subjects are tested in each condition ?
What variable is the difference between the conditions ?
What variable is the variable measured by researcher to determine if there is an effect of different conditions ?
What is a Confound variable ?
Unintended differences between conditions that can influence the dependent variable
What do Confound variables effect ?
What is Psychophysicology ?
- Studies relation between physiological activity & psychological process
- Uses noninvasive procedures
What is Physiological Psychology ?
- Division that studies the neural mechanism of behavior
- Uses direct manipulation of the brain in controlled experiments
- Subjects are laboratory animals
- Strong focus on pure research
What is Psychopharmacology ?
- Focuses on the manipulation of activity and behavior with drugs
- Research is applied
What is Neuropsychology ?
- Studies the psychological effects of brain damage in human patients
- Cannot be studied in humans by experimentation, uses Quasiexperiments
- Focused on Cerebral cortex
What is Comparative Psychology ?
- Deals with biology of behavior
- Compares different species
- Uses laboratory and/or ethological research
- Look at evolutionary psychology & behavioral genetics
What is Cognitive Neuroscience
- Newest division
- Focuses on the neural bases of cognition
- Employs human subjects
- Key methods are functional brain imaging techn
- Understand cognition in normal humans
What is Converging Operations ?
Look at a variety of different perspectives
What is Korasakoff's Syndrome ?
- Severe memory loss for recent events
- Most common in alcoholics
- Due to malnourishment & taking away Thiamine obsorption
How do you treat Korasakoff's Syndrome ?
- Stop drinking
- Increase vitamin B to prevent further damage
What did Jose Delagado do ?
Claimed a charging bull could be tamed using stimulation of its Caudate Nuclease
What is the Caudate Nuclease according to Delgado ?
Area of the brain that is the calming center of the brain
What is the Caudate Nuclease actually responsible for ?
What does Morgan's Canon refer to ?
Always give precedent to the simplest interpretation for a behavior observation first
What did Egas Moniz do ?
- Developed Prefrontal Lobotomy = cutting connection between the prefrontal lobe and the rest of the brain
- This was based on 1 study done on a chimp
What is the long term effect of Prefrontal Lobotomy ?
- Become amoral
- Lack of foresight
- Emotional unresponse
- Urinary incontinence