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Bio-psychology as a Neuroscience
What is the case of Jimmie G ?
Could not remember anything since his early 20's
form lasting memory
When talked about Navy he switched to Navy as Present tense
Could not look at a mirror and could not remember anything after Navy experience
What is an amazingly intricate network of neurons ?
What is cells that receive and transmit electrochemical signals ?
What is Neuroscience the scientific study of ?
What is Bio-psychology the scientific study of ?
Biology of Behavior
Looking at psychology from a biological perspective
What are the Four Major Themes of the Book ?
Thinking Creatively about Biopsychology
The Evolutionary Perspective
Biopsychology is what ?
Knowledge acquired through observation
What are the two Biological Perspectives ?
What does the perspective Mind-Body Dualism concerned with ?
Mind = spiritual entity
Mind cannot be studied - too complex
What does the perspective Monism concerned with ?
Mind and body are one
Mental events are a product of physical events
Who is Luigi Galvani and what did he accomplish and support ?
Severed leg of frog - moved when electrical current was passed through it
Discovered electrical nature of nerve conduction
Support of monism
What is the Localization Issue ?
Different parts of the brain conduct different parts
BAD - lead to Phenology (measure of bumps on head)
: Phineas Gage, Broca
Who is the Canadian Psychologist who is the author of The Organization of Behavior and brought psychology to become important ?
What did D.O. Hebb accomplish ?
Discredit notion that phrenology
Based theory on
: humans, lab animals. case studies, observation of his own daily life
Depending on how you use your neurons is how they strengthen or weaken
What is the study of structures of the nervous system ?
What is the study of chemical basis of neural activity ?
What is the study of interactions between the nervous system and his endocrine system ?
What is the study of the nervous system disorders ?
What is the study of the effects of drug on neural activity ?
What is the study of functions and activities of the nervous system ?
What are the three dimensions along Biopsychological Research ?
Types of Research
What are two examples of Subjects
What are two examples of Methods ?
What are two types of Research ?
What is conducted for the purpose of acquiring knowledge ?
What is intended to bring about some direct benefit to humankind ?
What are advantages to Human Subjects ?
Applied to humans
Ask subjective experience
What are advantages to Nonhuman Subjects ?
Fewer ethical restrictions
Comparitive approach to other species
What are different committees of animal care ?
Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC)
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA)
University Animal Care Committee (ACVS)
What do the ethics in animal research provide ?
Human care & treatment
Minimize the pain & discomfort
What involves the manipulation of variables ?
What involves the researcher does not control the variables of interest ?
What involves real life experiences and have conditions ?
What involves a person who has unique characteristics & is studied in depth ?
What are two types of experimental techniques done in experiments ?
What involves if different subjects are tested in each condition ?
What involves if the same subjects are tested in each condition ?
What variable is the difference between the conditions ?
What variable is the variable measured by researcher to determine if there is an effect of different conditions ?
What is a Confound variable ?
Unintended differences between conditions that can influence the dependent variable
What do Confound variables effect ?
What is Psychophysicology ?
Studies relation between physiological activity & psychological process
Uses noninvasive procedures
What is Physiological Psychology ?
Division that studies the neural mechanism of behavior
Uses direct manipulation of the brain in controlled experiments
Subjects are laboratory animals
Strong focus on pure research
What is Psychopharmacology ?
Focuses on the manipulation of activity and behavior with drugs
Research is applied
What is Neuropsychology ?
Studies the psychological effects of brain damage in human patients
Cannot be studied in humans by experimentation, uses Quasiexperiments
Focused on Cerebral cortex
What is Comparative Psychology ?
Deals with biology of behavior
Compares different species
Uses laboratory and/or ethological research
Look at evolutionary psychology & behavioral genetics
What is Cognitive Neuroscience
Focuses on the neural bases of cognition
Employs human subjects
Key methods are functional brain imaging techn
Understand cognition in normal humans
What is Converging Operations ?
Look at a variety of different perspectives
What is Korasakoff's Syndrome ?
Severe memory loss for recent events
Most common in alcoholics
Due to malnourishment & taking away Thiamine obsorption
How do you treat Korasakoff's Syndrome ?
Increase vitamin B to prevent further damage
What did Jose Delagado do ?
Claimed a charging bull could be tamed using stimulation of its Caudate Nuclease
What is the Caudate Nuclease according to Delgado ?
Area of the brain that is the calming center of the brain
What is the Caudate Nuclease actually responsible for ?
What does Morgan's Canon refer to ?
Always give precedent to the simplest interpretation for a behavior observation first
What did Egas Moniz do ?
Developed Prefrontal Lobotomy = cutting connection between the prefrontal lobe and the rest of the brain
This was based on 1 study done on a chimp
What is the long term effect of Prefrontal Lobotomy ?
Lack of foresight