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  1. The science that deals with the study of microorganisms
  2. One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics
  3. Exist everywhere-skin, water, air, decaying matter, secretions from body openings, clothes and beneath nails
    Bacteria (can only be seen with an aid of a microscope magnified 1000x)
  4. Helpful or harmless bacteria are....
  5. 70% of bacteria are.....
  6. Decaying matter (Non-pathogenic)
  7. Found in the digestive track/medications (antibiotics)
    Non-pathogenic bacteria
  8. 30% of becteria are....
  9. Pathogenic bacteria are also called
  10. 3 classifications of pathogenic bacteria
    Cocci, bacilli, spirilla
  11. 3 types of cocci
    Diplococci, streptococci, staphlococci
  12. Appear in pairs and responsible for pneumonia
    Diplococci (di=two)
  13. Pus forming bacteria, arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. Responsible for strep throat and blood poisoning
    Streptococci (strep=strand)
  14. Pus forming bacteria that appears in clusters. Responsible for abscesses, pustules, and boils
    Staphlococci (staph= like strapped together)
  15. Short or rod shaped bacteria. Responsible for tetanus (lock jaw), tuberculosis, influenza
  16. Spiral or corkscrew shaped. Responsible for syphilis and Lyme disease
  17. Mean movement
  18. Rarely shows active movement. Transmitter through air, dust, or the substance in which they settle
  19. Hair like extensions that help with motility
    Flagella or cilia
  20. Bacterias that move with the aid of flagella/cilia
    Bacilli and sprillia
  21. Stage in which bacteria grow and reproduce
    Active or vegetative
  22. Best conditions in which bacteria reproduce
    Warm, dark,damp,dirty places
  23. When bacteria reach their macimum size they divide into two new cells. This process is called...
  24. The stage in which conditions are unfavorable for bacteria to reproduce. They form a tough outer covering and are able to withstand periods of unfavorable conditions
    Inactive or spore forming stage
  25. Occurs when the body is invaded by disease causing pathogenic bacteria
  26. An infection confined to a particular part of the body (pimple)
    Local infection
  27. Results when the bloodstream carries the toxins from bacteria to all parts of the body (syphilis)
    General infection
  28. Rapid onset, severe symptoms, and short duration
    Acute disease (small, short)
  29. Long duration, usually mild but reoccurring
    Chronic disease
  30. Exist at birth
    Congenital disease
  31. Transmitted by contact
  32. Caused by pathogenic microorganisms or viruses that is easily spread
    Infectious/pathogenic disease
  33. Resulting from conditions of employment
    Occupational disease
  34. Disease caused by vegetables or animal parasites
    Parasitic disease
  35. Disease influenced by weather
    Seasonal disease
  36. Disease caused by the body
    Systemic disease
  37. Disease caused by contact with an infected person during sexual contact
    Venereal disease
  38. Symptoms felt
    Subjective symptoms
  39. Symptoms seen
    Objective symptoms
  40. 2 agencies that say a business that serves the public must follow certain sanitary precautions
    Occupational safety and Health administration (OSHA) and environmental protection Agency (EPA)
  41. Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms
  42. Resistance to a disease
  43. Submicroscopic structure that is capable of infecting almost all plants and animals INCLUDING bacteria
  44. Lives only by penetrating cells and becoming a part of them. Hard to kill without harming the body. Electron microscope magnified to 1,000,000x
  45. 4 types of viruses to be concerned about in a salon
    • Common cold
    • Respiratory infection
    • Hepatitis
    • HIV/AIDS
  46. Disease causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or bodily flluids
    Blood borne pathogens
  47. 4 types of blood borne pathogens
    • HIV
    • hepatitis A,B, and C
  48. Vegetable or animal organisms that live on or in another organism and draw nourishment from that organism (HOST)
  49. Vegetable parasite
  50. Mold, mildew, and yeasts produce diseases such as favus and a ringworm. contracted through unclean implements. moisture trapped underneath nail . Usually yellowish green in color. Treatment is usually applied directly to infected area.
  51. Ringworm
  52. Seeds on the scalp itching occurs and scratching can cause infection
    head lice
  53. Head lice is also known as
    Pediculosis capitis
  54. Animal parasite that burrows underneath skin
    Itch mite ( scabies)
  55. The duty of the body to destroy bacteria and viruses and resist infection
  56. Partly inherited and partly through hygienic living
    Natural immunity
  57. Immunity the body develops after it overcomes a disease or receives a vaccination
    Acquired immunity
Card Set:
2014-01-28 22:50:06
Bacteriology Marchmen

Bacteriology for cosmetology
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